was always at the general's side during this campaign, until he was seriously wounded in the left arm at Brescia. In the spring of 1860, when Garibaldi planned his Sicilian expedition. Colonel Tiirr again served under him in the capacity of aide-de-camp, and before Palermo was promoted to the rank of general of division. The brilliant part he played in the War of Liberation was acknowledged by the Government of Victor Emmanuel, who promoted him to the rank of general of division in the army of Italy in 1861, and confided to him the military com- mand of the town and province of Naples. He married the Princess Adeline Wyse Bonaparte, a cousin of Napoleon III., Sept. 10, 1861, and took up his residence at Pallanza. Since his marriage he has made two journeys to Boumania, with a view of creating difficulties for Austria in the east of Europe. These political journeys were, however, thought to be compromising to the Italian Government, and, accord- ingly. Colonel Tiirr resigned his commission in 1864. He is the author of *' Arrestation, Proces, et Condamnation du General Tun*," 1863 ; and also of " The House of Austria and Hungary," 1865.
TUSCANY, bx-Grand-Duke of. (See Ferdinand IV.)
TWISS, Sir Travers, D.C.L., F.E.S., son of the late Rev. Robert Twiss, LL.D., of Pembroke College, Cambridge, and Trevallyn. Den- bighshire, born in Westminster about 1810, was educated at Uni- versity College, Oxford, where he graduated in high honours in 1830, and became FeUow and Tutor of his college. From 1835 till 1839 he was one of the Public Examiners at Oxford in Classics and Mathematics ; from 1842 till 1817, Professor of Political Economy in the University of Oxford; from 1852 till 1855, Profcf^sor of International Law in King's College, London, which office he resigned upon being appointed Begins Professor of CivU Law in the
University of Oxford. In 1840 he was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn, and was admitted an Advocate • in Doctors* Commons. In 1849 he was appointed Commissary-General of the City and Diocese of Canterbury, in 1852 Vicar-General of the Arch- bishop of Canterbury, and in 1858, on the advancement of the Right Hon. Dr. Lushington to the office of Judge of the Court of Appeal of his Province, was appointed Chancellor of the Diocese of London. On the transfer of the testamentary and matrimonial jurisdiction from the ecclesiastical to the civil courts. Dr. Twiss was created a Queen's Counsel, was elected a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn, became Advocate- General in Aug., and was knighted in Nov. 1867. He has written vari- ous works ; amongst which may be mentioned "Epitome of Niebuhr's History of Rome," 1837; "The Oregon Question examined with respect to Facts and the Law of Nations/' 1846; "View of the Progress of Political Economy in Europe since the 16th Century," 1817 ; "The Relation of the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein to the Crown of Denmark and the Ger- manic Confederation," 1848 ; " Tlie Letters Apostolic of Pope Pius IX., considered with reference to the Law of England and the Law of Europe," 1851 ; " Lectures on the Science of International Law," 1856 J " The Law of Nations, con- sidered as Independent Political Communities," 1861, 2nd ed., 1S75 ; "Law of Nations in Times of War," 1863; "The Black Book of the Admiralty," 1871. In 1872 Sir Travers Twiss resigned all his appointments.
T Y L O R, Edward Burnett, D.C.L.,F.E.S., was born at Camber- well, Oct. 2, 1832, and educated at the school of the Society of Friends, Grove House, Tottenham. His work has been especially devoted to the study of the races of mankind, their history, languages, and civili- zation. He was elected Fellow of