Volunteers, and, as Chairman of the Council of the National Rifle Asso- ciation, he frequently presided over the Wimbledon Rifle Meetings. He has been a Deputy-Lieutenant of Haddingtonshire since 1846. He succeeded to the Earldom of Wemyss on the death of his father, Jan. 1, 1883. His lordship is the author of " Jjetters on Military Organisation," 1871.
WERDER, August von, a Prus- sian general, was born Sept. 12, 1808, and entered in 1825 as a volun- teer into the regiment of the Gardes- du-Corps, and was on accoimt of his special qualifications appointed Second Lieutenant in the first regi- ment of Infantry Guards. From 1833 to laSG he was ordered to the General Military Academy, in order to qualify himself for the post of a general staff officer. As such he held an appointment from 1838 to 1839 in the 8th Pioneer Division, acting from 1839 to 18 10 as Instruc- tor in the Corps of Cadets, and was from 18M) to 1811 joined to the Topographical Bureau. After he had in 1812 received his promotion as First Lieutenant, he took part, by permission of the Prussian War Minister, and of the War Office of Russia, in the war in the Caucasus (1842-43), when he proved extremely serviceable as an engineer officer, and received a wound in the affair at Kefar. In recognition of his services, he received the order of St. John and the Russian Vladimir order of the fourth class. In March, 1846, he was' made captain, and in March, 1851, major in the 33rd In- fantry Regiment. In 1853 he be- came Commandant of the Landwehr Battalion of the 43rd Infantry Regiment, and in 1856, Superior Lieutenant. In 1857 he was trans- ferred as Commander to the 2nd regiment of Foot Guards as Com- mander of the Fusilier Battalion ; in 1858 was intrusted with the duty of inspector of the Jagers, and the command of the Field Jager Corps, and in 1859 became Colonel, Some
months later followed his nomina- tion as a member of the Direction of the Central Military Turn Insti- tute in Berlin. In March, 1860, he became a Major-General, and on Jime 8, 1866, Lieutenant-General, in which latter capacity he took part in the campaign in Bohemia in the army of Pnnce Frederick Charles. The 3rd Infantry Division, which he commanded, took an im- portant part in the battles of Git«- chin and Eoninggratz, and the services which it rendered won for its commander the order pour U m^rite. On the outbreak of the Franco-German war, Lieutenant- General veto Werder was attached to the superior command of the Third Army Corps of the Crown Prince of Prussia, and was eng^aged before Strasburg, and also in the battles near Belfort.
WESTCOTT, The Rev. Brooke FosB, D.D., Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of Cam- bridge, was born near Birmingham, in Jan., 1825, and was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, of which he was successively Scholar and Fellow, and where he took his B.A. degree in Jan., 1848, as 23rd Wrangler in Mathematical honours, was bracketed first (with Dr. Scott of Westminster) in the First Class of the Classical Tripos, and was second Chancellor's Medallist. His university career was more than or- dinarily distinguished, as he ob- tained the Battle University Schol- arship in 1846; carried off Sir William Browne's medals for the Greek Ode in 1846, and again in the following year; and obtained the Bachelor's Prize for Latin Essay in 1847, and again in 1849. He ob- tained the Norrisian Prize in 1850, and was ordained deacon and priest in the following year by the Bishop of Manchester. He was elected a Fellow of his college in 1849, and proceeded M.A. in 1851, B.D. in 1865, and D,D. in 1870. He held an Assistant-Mastership in Harrow School from 1852 to 1869, under Dr.