YOUNa— ZANARBELLI. '
Voyages of the Pandora in 1875 and 1870 " was published at London in 1879.
YOUNG, The Rioht Hon. Geoboe, a Scotch Lord of Session, with the courtesy title of Lord Young, eldest son of the late Alex- ander Young, Esq., of Bosefield, CO. Kirkcudbright, born in 1819 and educated at Edinburgh, was called to the Scotch Bar in 1840, ap- pointed Solicitor-General for Scot- land in 1852, and retired in 1866. On the return of Mr. Gladstone to power in 18G8, he again became Solicitor-General for Scotland, and in Oct., 1869, he was appointed Lord Advocate in the place of the Right Hon. J. MoncriefP. Mr. Young was sheriff of Inverness- shire from 1853 till 1860, and of Berwick and Haddington from 1860 till 1862. In April, 1865, on the retirement of Sir W. Dunbar, Bart., he was elected member in the Li- beral interest for the borough of Wigton, and waE again returned in 1865 and 1868. He was defeated at the general election of Feb., 187-1, but in the same month he was, on Mr. Gladstone's recom- mendation, created a Lord of Ses- sion and one of the Lords of Justi- ciary in Scotland.
YOUNG, John Radford, mathe- matician, born of humble parents in London, in April, 1799, was almost entirely self-educated. In 1833 he was appointed to the Professorship of Mathematics in Belfast College, which he held for many years. In 1817 Professor Young published a paper in The Transactions of the Ca mbridge Philosophical Society, " On the Principle of Continuity in re- ference to Certain Results of Ana- lysis," and in 1848 a paper in The Transactions of the Royal Irish Aca- demy, '* On an Extension of a Theo- rem of Euler." He had discovered and published in 1844 a proof of Newton's rule for determining the number of Imaginary Roots in an Equation. A principle, affirmed in
- his proof to be axiomatic, was after-
wards objected to as being unde- monstrated. The objection was re- moved by the author in a paper " On the Completion of the De- monstration of Newton's Rule," published in The Philosophical Ma- gaxine for May, 1866, in which paper, as also in a sul^equent one in the magazine for August, theo- rems of independent interest were given. In 1863 Professor Young published a thoughtful work on the theological and scientific con- troversies of the day, entitled " Science Elucidative of Scripture and not Antagonistic to it," being a series of Essays on the Mosaic Cosmogony, the Tl^eories of Geolo- gists, Miracles, &c. This was fol- lowed in 1865 by " Modern Scep- ticism viewed in relation to Modern Science, more especially in refer- ence to the Doctrines of Colenso, Huxley, Lyell and Darwin." Pro- fessor Young's latest productions are a paper in The Transactions of the Victoria Institute for 1866, " On the Origin of Speech," and a me- moir in the Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy for 1868, *' On the Imaginary Roots of Numerical Equa- tions."
ZANARDELLI, Giuseppe, an Italian statesman, was born in 1826, in Brescia. He became a student in the Ghislieri College at Pavia, and took his degree as Doctor of Law in 1848. He enrolled him8<^ in the legion of students which was formed at that time, and took part in the war of independence. Re- turning to Brescia after August, 1848, he there prepared the rising which took pWe in March, 1849. He escaped, and subsequently re- turned, in consequence of the amnesty granted by the Austrian Government, to Brescia, where, from 1851 to 1859, he lived as a private teacher of jurisprudence. When Lombardy became free, in