youngest daughter of the late Mr. Henry Bannerman, of Manchester, and was born in 1836. He was educated at the University of Glas- gow, and at Trinity College, Cam- bridge (B.A. 1868; M.A. 1861). In 1872 he assumed the additional surname of Bannerman, under the will of his uncle, Mr. Henry Ban- nerman, of Hunton Court, Kent. Mr. Campbell-Bannerman, who is a magistrate for the counties of Lanark and Kent, has represented the Stirling district of boroughs in the Liberal interest since Dec, 1868 ; he was Financial Secretary at the War Office from 1871 to 1874 ; was again appointed to that office in 1880 ; and in May, 1882, was nominated to succeed Mr. Tre- velyan as Secretary to the Ad- miralty. He married in 1860 Charlotte, daughter of the late Major-General Sir Charles Bruce,
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CAMPHAUSEN, Otto, a Ger- man statesman, born at Hitnshoven, near Aix-la-Chapelle, in 1812. He studied at the Gymnasium of Co- logne, and the Universities of Bonn, Heidelberg, Munich, and Berlin. In 1834 he entered the Civil Ser- vice ; in 1837 he became an Audi- tor; in 184i. a Rath; in 1845 a Geheimrath, or Privy Councillor of Finance. His first important legis- lative work was the preparation of the Income Tax Act, which was laid before the Prussian Landtag in 1847. In ISiS he became a diplomat on a small scale, being attached to the Prussian delegation at Frankfort-on-the-Main, which watched over the acts of Eeichsver- weser Archduke John of Austria. In 1858 he became Superior Privy Councillor of Finance. For a few years he served as President of the See-Handlimg, an institution which administered funds furnished by the State for the support and en- couragement of commerce. Baron von der Heydt relinquished the portfolio of Finance in 1869, and Camphausen became his successor.
He held that post till Nov., 1873, and from the latter dote till March, 1878* he was Vice-President of the Ministry of State. He was a mem- ber of the Prussian Landtag from 1849 to A852, and of the Erfurt Parliament. He was created a member of the Chamber of Peers in 1860, and he became a delegate to the Federal Council in 1870.
CAMPHAUSEN, William, painter, born at DQsseldorf, Feb. 8, 1810, manifested from his earliest years a love of drawing, and after completing his college studies, en- tered the academy of his native town. Being fond of jointing horses and beittles, he for some years joined a regiment of hussars to stuay his subjects close at hand, and made long tours iti Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, Italy, and Germany. "The Puritans watch- ing the Enemy" exhibits know- ledge of design, able composition, and softness of colour. Many of his subjects are taken from English History ; such as " Eemoval of Pri- soners belonging to Cromwell's Party/* "Cavaliers and Bound- heads," "Charles II. in the Ke- treat from Worcester," " Pillage of an English Castle by Cromwell's Soldiers," and "Charles I. at the battle of Naseby." He has painted the two pictures of " Prince Eugene at Belgrade" and "Godfrey de Bouillon at Ascalon," besides pro- ducing numerous drawings for il- lustrated publications, and among* others for the Bdsseldorf Monthly Almanack.
CANDOLLE, Alfronsb Louib PiEBBB Ptbakub db, the eminent botanist of Geneva, was born at Paris, Oct. 27> 1806, being the son of the celebrated Augustin de Can- dolle, who died in 1841. He went through a course of study in litera- ture and Science at Geneva, and then turned his attention to law, of which faculty he was admitted a doctor in 1829. Finally, however, he made botany his exclusive study, and became first the assistant and