Chief Secretary for Ireland, and he held that poet down to June, 1866. On the formation of Mr. Glad- stone's Cabinet in Dec. 1868, he re- sumed that office, from which he was transferred in 1870 to the Presidency of the Board of Trade. Just before retirini^ from office in Feb. 1874, Mr. Gladstone recom- mended the Queen to beetow a peerage on Mr. Cliiehester Fortes- cue, who was accordingly created Baron Carlin^ord. In consequence of the introduction of Mr. G-lad- stone's Irish Land Bill in April, 1881, the Duke of Argyll resi^pi^ his seat in the Cabinet and his office of Lord Privy Seal. Lord Carlingford was therenpcoi appointed to succeed His Grace in that office, and towards the close of the Parliamentary Session he had charge of the Land Bill during its passage through the House of Lords. In Feb. 1882, he was created a Knight of the Order of St. Patrick in the room of the late Lord Lurgan ; and on Mitrch 19, 1S83, he was nominated Lord ^•resident of the Privy Council, in succession to £arl Spencer. His Lordship is Lord-Lieutenant of Sssex, a magistrate and deputy- lieutenant for the county of Louth, a. magistrate for Somerset; and a mem^r of the Historical Manu- scripts Commission. Lord Carling- ford married in 1863 Frances, daughter of the late Mr. John Bra- bam, widow of Mr. G. Harcourt and of the seventh Earl Widde- grave (she died July 5, 1879). There was no issue of the mar- riage.
CARLISLE, Bishop of. (See Goodwin.)
CAKLOS (Dos), DuKEOF Madrid (Cablos Mabia db lob Dolobbs JiTAir Isidobo Jobef Fbancbsco QniBiNO Aktonio Miousi. Gabbibl Bafabl), who claims to be the Intimate King of Spain by the title of Charles YU., was born March 30^ 1848. His father, Don Joan, was the brother of Don C^loe (Charles YI.), known as the
Count de Montemolin, in support of whose claims the Carlist risings of 1848, 1855, and 1860 were organ- ized. As Charles VI. died without children, Jan. 13, 1861, his rights devolved upon his brother, Don Juan, who had married, Feb. 6, 1847, the Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria, Princess of Modena. Their son, the present Don Car- los, who was educated principally in Austria, married, on Feb. 4, 1867, Margaret de Bourbon, of Bourbon, Princess of Parma, daughter of the late Duke Ferdinand Charles III., Mademoiselle de France, Duchess of Parma, and sister of the present Comte de Chambord (Henry V. of France). In Oct. 1868, Don Juan abdicated in favour of his son, whose standard was raised in the north of Spain by some of his par- tisans, April 21, 1872. On July 16, in that year, Don Carlos published a proclamation, addressed to the in- habitants of Catalonia, Aragon, and Valencia, calling upon them to take up arms in his cause, and promising to restore to them their ancient liberties ; and in the fol- lowing December Don Alfonso, the brother of Don Carlos, assumed the command of the Carlist bands in Catalonia. Don Carlos himself made his entry into S])ain, July 15, 1873, announcing that he came for the purpose of saving the country. Since that period the war was waged with remarkable vigour, and the various governments which came into power at Madrid strove in vain to dislodge the Carlists from their strongholds in the north of Sx>ain. When the Republic came to an end, and the eldest son of the ex-Queen Isabella returned to Spain as Alfonso XII., Don Car- los issued a proclamation, dated at his headqusurters at Vera, Jan 6, 1875. In this document he says that, as "Head of the august family of the Bourbons in Sx>ain, I contemplate with profound sor- row the attitude of my cousin Alfonso^ who« with the inexperience