where be graduated as a first-claaB in claarics in 1852, and D.C Ji. in 1859. L(»tl Camarron, who repre- aents a manger branch of the noble hoaae of Pembroke^ succeeded to the title daring his minority. Soon after taking his seat in the House of Peers, he made hig maiden speech, on which he was highly compUmented by Lord Derby, who, in 1859, nominated him High Steward of the University of Onord. He was Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies in Lord Derby's second administration, 185S-9, and was appointed Secretary of State for the Colonies in Lord Derby's third administration, Jime, 1866. On Feb. 19, 1867, he moved in the House of Lords the second reading of the Bill for the Confede- ration of the British North American Provinces, which he truly described as one ot the largest and most im- portant measures that for many years it had been the daty of any Colonial Miwiiy^y in this country to submit to Parliament. Shortly i^ter this (March 2) his lordship resigned the Colonial Secretaryship on ac- count of a difference of opinion re- specting Rurliamentary Reform. At uie same time, Geneial Peel, War Secretary, and Lord Cranbome (now the Marquis of Salisbuiy) Secretary for India, tendered their resig- nations, which were accepted. Lord Carnarvon, in the spe^sh he de- livered in the House of Peers on this occasion, avowed that the new Beform Bill would make an entire transfer of political power in five- sixths of the boroughs, and ex- pressed his belief that the Govern- ment were going too far in a demo- cratic direction. On the formatiim of Mr. Disraeli's cabinet in Feb. 1874, he was for the second time appointed Secretaiy of State for the Colonies. He resigned his seat in the Cabinet, Jan. 24, 1878, in con- sequence of his disagreement from his colleagues as to the policy of orderingthe British fleet to proceed to the l>ardanelle8. His lordship oooaidered Uus to be a departure
from the poUcy of neutrality which the Qovemment had pledged them- selves to preserve as long as neither of the belligerents infringed certain conditions which Her Majesty's Go- vernment itself had laid down. Lord Derby, Foreign Secretary, tendered his resignation at the same time, but consented to resume his post after the order respecting the fleet had been countermanded, and e^lanations had been made with his colleagues. Lord Carnar- von is the author of " The Arch»o- logy of Berkshire/' an address de- hvered to the Arch«ological Asso- ciation at Newbury, 1859 ; " ** Re- collections of the Druses of the Lebanon : and Notes on their Reli- gion," 1860, being notes of a visit to the East; and a preface and notes to a Report on '* Prison Dis- cipline," adopted at the Hampshire Quarter Sessions, Jan. 4, 18C4. He edited, in 1869, '* Reminiscences of Athens and the Morea: Extracts from a Journal of Travels in Greece during 1839, by the late Earl of Carnarvon ; " in 1876, " The Gnostic Heresies of the First and Second Centuries," by the late H. L. Man- sell, Dean of St. Paul's, •• with a Sketch of his Life, Work, and Cha- racter;" and he published, in 1879, a translation of the " Agamemnon " of iBschylus. Lord Carnarvon was Major in the Hampshire Yeomanry Cavalry, 1862-8 ; and is a Deputy- Lieutenant and a Magistrate for Hampshire, Constable of Carnarvon Castle, and Pro-Grand Master of the Freemasons of England (1875) ; Pre- sident of the Society of Antiquaries (1878) ; and a member of the His- torical Manuscripts Commission (1882). He married firstlv, in 186J , Lady Evelyn Stanhope (who died in 1875) ; and secondly, Dec. 31, 1878, Elizabeth Catherine, daughter of the late Mr. Henry Howard, of Greystoke Castle, Cumberland.
CARNOT, Lazabb Hippolttb, politician, son of the celebrated Car- not, born at Saint Omer, April 6, 1801^ studied the law, and became