noTel, 1865; "English Female Artfsts," a bio^nrapMcal work, 2 Tob., 1876 ; " Playing for Love," a norel, 1876; •* Crying for Ven- geance/' a novel, 1877 ; and " Fe- male Wazriors/' 2 toIs., 1879. Miss Clayton has been a freqnent con- tribntor to London 8<>ciety, TinsUy's MagaxiaM, the Qween, and other magazines and newspapers.
CLAYTON, Sib Oscab Moobb Passet, is the eldest son of the late Mr. James Clayton, of Percy- sfeeet, Bedford-square, by Caro- line, daughter of Mr. £dw:c^ Kent, of Eing^^m, Surrey, and he was bom in London in 1816. He was educated at Brace Castle School, Tottenham, whence he proceeded to University College and Middle- sex Hoeqpital. Mr. Clayton became a memb^ of the Soyal College of Surgeons in 1838 and a Fellow in 1S53. He is an Extra Surgeon-in- Ordinary to the Prince of Wales and Surgeon-in-Ordinary to the Duke of Edinbui^h. He is also a Deputy Lieutenant for Middlesex and the Tower Hamlets, and a Knight of the Order of Leopold of Belginm.
- He received the honour of knight-
hood in Nov.. 1882.
CL^MENCEAIT, Eugenb, a French ph3rBician and politician, bom at Monilleron-en-Pareds (Ven- dee), Sept. 28, 1841, commenced his professional studies at Nantes, and completed them at Paris, where in 1869 he was created a Doctor of Medicine, after which he practised at Montmartre. After the revolu- tion of Sept. 4, 1870, he was ai>- pointed Mayor of the 18th arron- disoement of Paris, and a member ot the Commission of Commimal Education. At the Section of Feb. 8, 1871, he was elected a representative of the department of the Seine in the National As- sembly, where he took his place among the members of the Extreme Left, and voted against the pre- liminaries of peace. On the 18tJi of March he endeavoured to save the lives of the Generals Leoomte
and Clement Thomas, but in vain, for he did not arrive at the Bue des Bosiers until after their execu- tion. On this occasion the Central Committee of the Communists, which was sitting at the Hdtel de Ville, resolved that Dr. Clemenceau should be arrested ; but he was for- tunate enough to elude the vigi- lance of the insurrectionary police. When the mtirderers were put upon their trial (Nov. 29, 1871) some of the witnesses accused him of not having interfered as early as he might have done, but he was warmly defended by Colonel Lang- lois, whose testimony appeared to clear Dr. Clemenceau from all blame in the matter. However, the accusations led to a duel be- tween Dr. Clemenceau and M. le commandant de Poussargues, who was wounded in the leg by a pistol- shot. Dr. Clemenceau was prose- cuted for this affair a month later, the result being that he was con- demned by the Seventh Chamber of Correctional Police to be im- prisoned for a fortnight, and to pay a fine of twenty-five francs. In the sitting of the 20th of March he introduced in the National As- sembly a Bill, signed by the Badi- cal fraction of the Deputies of the department of the Seine, to autho- rize the election of a Mtmicipal Council for the city of Paris, to consist of eighty members ; and he was one of those who signed the manifesto of Deputies and Mayors fixing the municipal elections on the 2Gth of that month. A candi- date at those elections, he polled 752 votes, but was not elected. After having taken part in the un- successful attempts at conciliation between the Government and the Commune, he sent in his resigna- tion both as Mayor and Deputy, and retired for a short period into private life. On July 23, 1871, he was elected a member of the. Muni- cipal Council of Paris for the Clignancourt quarter, and he took a prominent part in the discussions