concerning primary secidar instruct tion and financial questions. On Nov. 29, 1874, he was re-elected a member of the Municipal Council, of which he became successively Secretary and Vice-President, and eventually President in Nov., 1875. He was elected a Deputy for the department of the Seine by the 18th arrondissement of Paris, Feb. 20, 1876, and tdPterwards he became Secretary of the Chamber. In the following April he resigned his place in the Municipal Coimcil. He was again re-elected to the National Assembly by the 18th arrondisse- ment of Paris at the general elec- tions of Oct. 14, 1877. After the assembling of the new Chamber he was nominated by a general meet- ing of the Left, a member of the committee of 18, which was en- trusted with the task of directing the opx>osition of the Republican majority against the enterprises which it was feared would be set on foot by the extra-parliamentary Cabinet presided over by General de Bochebou^t. In the sittings which followed, among the speeches delivered by M. Cl^menceau, that in which he demanded the trial of the Ministers of the 16th of May, attracted particular attention.
CLEMENS, Samuel Lano- HOBNE, generally known by his nom de guerre '* Mark Twain," born at Florida, Missouri, Nov. 30, 1835. At the age of thirteen he was ap- prenticed to a printer, and worked at the trade in St. Louis, Cincinnati, Philadelphia, and New York. In 1855 he became for a short time pilot on the Mississippi river, and in 1861 went to Nevada as private secretary to his brother, the Secre- tary of the territory. He then went to the mines, and afterwards for several months acted as reporter for Califomian newspapers. He spent six months in the Hawaiian Islands in 1864, and after deliver- ing humorous lectures in California and Nevada, returned to the East ^ 1867, where he pubUshed "The
Jumping Frog," a humorous sketch. In this year he embarked with a large number of other passengers on a pleasure excursion up the Mediterranean, to Egypt, and the Holy Land, which he describes in "The Innocents Abroad" (1869). For a time he was editor of a daily newspaper, published in Buffalo, New York, where he married a lady possessed of a large fortune. In 1872 he visited England, giving several humorous lectures; and a London publisher made a collection, in four volumes, of his humorous papers, adding, however, many which the author asserts were never written by him. In 1874 he pro- duced in New York a comedy, "The Gilded Age," which had a remark- able success, owing mainly to the personation, by Mr. Baymond, of the leading character, "Colonel Mulberry Sellers." He is a frequent contributor to the magazines, and in addition to the books mentioned above has published — " Boughing It," 1872; "Adventures of Tom Sawyer," 1876 ; " Punch, Brothers, Pimch." 1878; "A Tramp Abroad," 1880; "The Prince and the Pau- per," 1882; "The Stolen White Elephant and other Tales," 1882 ; and " Life on the Mississippi," 1883. He resides at Hartford, Connecticut.
CLEBK, Sib George Bussell, K.C.B., G.C.S.I., is the eldest son of Mr. John Clerk, of Worting House, Hampshire, by the daughter and co-heir of Mr. Carew Mildmay, of Shawford House, in the same county (sister of Lady St. John Mildmay). He was born at Wort- ing House in 1800, was educated at Haileybury CoUege, and entered the civil service of the East India Company in 1818. In 1830 he was made political agent on the Bengal frontier, and became in succession British envoy at Lahore, Lieut.- GK)vemor of the North-western Pro- vinces, and Governor of Bombay. This last office he resigned in 1&17. Betuming to England, he was