was intended for the army, but after the death of his father, Cap- tain Coxwell, B.N., he repaired to London, and there became a stu>
f eon-dentist. From boyhood he ad a strong bent for ballooning^ and made many ascents with other aeronauts before he had a balloon of his own. He may be said to have commenced aerostatics pro- fessionally in 1844. In 1845 he projected and edited the Aero- ttatic Magazine. Since then he has made nearly 700 ascents, the most remarkable being the extra- ordinary voyage from Wolverhamp- ton (July 17, 1862), in behalf of the British Association, when Mr. Coxwell took Mr. Glaisher seven miles high, and owing to the in- tense cold, Mr. Glaisher being in- sensible, had to open the valve by catching the line with his teeth, thus saving the lives of both. Mr. Coxwell is the author of several able papers and lectures on Agro- station.
CRAIG, IsA, was born in Edin- burgh, Oct. 17, 1831. At an early age she began to contribute anony- mously to several periodicalsj and at length her poetical contributions to the Scotsman, under the signa- ture " Isa," attracted attention, and led to her employment in the literary department of that journal. In 1856 she published a coUection of her pooms. In 1857 she came to London, and her services were engaged by Mr. Hastings in orga- nizing the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, to which she acted as secretary and literary assistant, until her marriage to her cousin, Mr. John Knox. In 1859 she won the first prize for her Ode, recited at the Bums Centenary Festival, against 620 competitors, and in 1865 pub- lished " Duchess Agnes," and other poems.
CRAIE, Mas. (See Mulock.) CRAMPTON, Stb John Fiennes TwisLETON, Bart., K.C.B., eldest son of the late Sir Philip Crampton,
Bart., born in Dublin in 1807, ' educated at Eton and Trinity Col- lege, Dublin. Entering the diplo- matic service, he rose by successive steps, imtil in 1852 he became En- voy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Washington. This poet he vacated in 1856, on on account of an arbitrary demand made by the United States Govern- ment, which accused him of having violated the sovereign rights of the States, by attempti|^ to enUst re- cruits for the Bril^ army. In 1867 he was sent in the same capa- city to Hanover, whence he was tnmsferred to St. Petersburg, March 31, 1868, and to Madrid, Dec. 11, 1860, in whidi year he married Miss Victoria BsJfe, but the marriage was annulled three years later. Sir John resigned the post of British Minister at Madrid in November, 1869.
CRANBEOOK (Viscount), The Right Hon. Gathobnb Gathosnb- Habdt, G.C.S.I., is the third son the late Mr. John Hardy, of Dun- stall Hall, Staffordshire, who for many years represented the town of Bradford in Parliament, and of Isabel, daughter of Mr. Richard Gathome, of Kirkby Lonsdale. "Eip was born at Bradford, Oct. 1, 1814, and educated at Shrewsbury School and at Oriel College, Oxford, where he was seoond-cla^ in clas- sics, and took the degree of B.A. in 1836. He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1840, and practised as a barrister for several years. Mr. Hardy unsuccessfully contested Bradford 'in the Conser- vative interest in 1847, but was returned to the House of Commons in 1856 as member for Leominster, which borough he continued to represent till the celebrated Oxford election in July, 1865, when, after a most exciting contest, he defeated Mr. Gladstone by a majority of 180, this being the principal Conserva- tive success at the general election of that year. In 1858 Mr.- Hardy was appointed Under-Secretary dt