the social progress of England^ Trade Unionism, and other subjects. Mr. Thomas Fairbaim was chair- man of the Exhibition of the Art Treasures of the United £[ingdom at Manchester in 1857, and on her Majesty's visit in June was offered the honour of knighthood, which he declined. He was one of her Majesty's Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, and took an active part in the organization of the Great Exhibition of 1862, in the same capacity. He succeeded to the baronetcy on the death of his father, Aug. 18, 1874. Sir Thomas Fairbaim is a Magistrate and Deputy-Lieutenant for Lanca- shire and Hampshire, and was High Sheriff of the latter county in 1870.
FAITHFULL, Miss Emily, daughter of the late Be v. Ferdinand Faithfull, was born at Headley rectory, Surrey, in 1835, and edu- cated in a school at Kensington, where she early showed that sin- gular firmness and independence which have since characterised her. She was presented at court in her twenty-first year, and entered for a short time into the gaieties of London life. On becoming in- terested in the condition of women, she devoted herself to the extension of their remunerative spheres of labour. In 1860 she collected a band of female compositors, and, in spite of great difficidties, founded a typographical establislunent in Great Coram-street, in which women (as compositors) were employed, and for which she obtained the approval of her Majesty. Among many other specimens of first-rate workmanship produced at the Victoria Press is the "Victoria Eegia," dedicated, by special permission, to the Queen, who was pleased to signify her approbation by giving a warrant appointing Miss Faithfull printer and publisher in ordinary to her Majesty. In May, 1863, Miss Faithfull commenced a monthly publication entitled The Victoria
Magcusine, in which the views si seeks to advocate, and the claii of women to remunerative emplo; ment, were earnestly set forth. ] the spring of 1868 Miss Faithfv published a novel, entitled " Chanj upon Change," which ran into second edition within a month its publication, and was receiv< with great favour by the press, " aboimding in clever pictures social life of the higher class Shortly after this Miss Faithfu made her d^but at the Hanov Square Booms as a lecturer. SI has achieved a marked success : this capacity, and frequently le tures in our leading literary ai philosophical instituUons. In 187 73 Miss Faithfull visited the Unit4 States, and received the mo unique reception in Steinway Ha ever accorded to a woman.
FALK, Db. Adalbert, a Genni statesman, born at Metschkau, : Silesia, in 1827, is the son of Lutheran minister, who was "liberal theologian." He studic first in the " Beidschule" of Lande hut, then at the Gymnasium i Breslau, and finally at the Unive sity of the latter city. In 1847 1 began his legal career ; in 1850 1 became an assistant of the Publ Prosecutor in Breslau ; in 181 chief of this office at Lyck ; in 18( he assumed the same functioi before iiheKammergericht orSuperii Court, with duties in the Ministi of Justice ; in 1862 he becan Judge of the Court of Appeals i Glogau; and in 1868 he was pe manently assigned as Privy Com cillor, or Oehexmruth, to the Ministi of Justice. He sat in the Prussia House of Deputies from 1858 1 1861 ; he was elected to the Coi stituent North German Beichsta in 1867 ; and he has been a memlx of the Imperial Parliament ev< since its establishment. Whc Prince Bismarck resolved to weake the influence of the Boman Cathol Church in Prussia, he caused D Falk to be nominated Minister <