Ancient and Modem Architectare^" in 3 volumes. In addition to these works, he published, in 1868^ a large work in quarto, at the ex- pense of the Indian Government, entitled " Tree and Serpent Wor- ship," with upwards of 100 plates and illustrations. A second edition of this work appeared in 1873. On April 17, 1871, at a meeting of the Eoyal Institute of British Archi- tects, he was presented with the Boyal Gk>ld Medal, which, with her Majesty's approval, is annually awarded to an eminent architect, or, as in the present case, to an author who has distinguished himself by his architectural researches. His latest work is entitled " The Tem- ples of the Jews and the other Buildings in the Haram Area at Jerusalem," 1878. The University of Edinburgh conferred on him the honorary degree ot LL.D. in 1882.
FEEGUSSON, Th« Eight Hon. Sib James, Babt., K.C.M.G., son of the fifth baronet, was born at Edinburgh, in 1832, and succeeded to the titie on his father's death in 1849. After leav ing Eugby School, he entered the Grenadier Guards, and attained the rank of Captain in 1854, but in the following year he retired from the Army. He represented the county of Ayr in the House of Commons in the Conservative interest, from Dec., 1854, to April, 1857, and from Oct., 1859, to 1868; was Under-Secretary for India from Jime, 1866, to July, 1867 ; and Under-Secretary for the Home Department from the last date till Aug., 1868, when he was appointed Governor of South Australia and sworn of the Privy Council. On March 2, 1873, he was appointed Governor of New Zea- l^d, but he resigned that post in the following year. He was ap- pointed Governor of Bombay in the room of Sir Eichard Temple in Feb., 1880.
FEEEAEA, Fbancksco, an Ita- lian professor, financier, and politi- cal economist, born at Palermo^ in
Dec., 1810, became, in 1834, head of the Statistical Department in Sicily, and established the QiomaU di Btatistiea, to which he contri- buted numerous articles. A friend of the revolutionary movement, he became a member of the Provisional Government in 1848, and was one of the Commissioners appointed to convey to the Duke of Genoa, bro- ther of King Charles Albert, the offer of the Ne^^litan crown ; but as the authori^ of the King of Naples was re-established during his absence. Signer Ferrara pra- dentiy remained in Turin, where, in 1840, he was appointed Professor of Political Economy. As Finance Minister in the EatftTnri cabinet, he proposed in 1867 the liquidation of the ecclesiastical patrimony by im- posing special taxes on the cleigy to the extent of about je24,OOO,O00. He is awarm advocate of free trade principles. His chief works on political economy are: — "Imp<»- tanza della Economia Politick e condizioni per coltivarla; intzo- duzione al Corso 1840-60, nell- UniversitJi di Torino," 1849; and his " Biblioteca dell' Economist^" which gives annually biographies of eminent political econoxmstB and selections from api>roved treatises on the science. The latter publica- tion was commenced in 1850, and ten volumes of it had appeared in 1858.
FEEEEES, NoBicAK Maclxod, D.D., F.E.S., was born at Prinknaah Park, Gloucestershire, Aug. U, 1829, and educated at Eton. He entered as a student at Caius Col- lege, Cambridge, in 1847. He gnr duated in the Mathematical Tripoe of 1851, when he attained the dis- tinguished position of Senior Wrangler and first Smith's Priie- man. Mr. Ferrers was elected to a Fellowship, and, after fiUin^ various college offices, was appointed Tutor in 1866. For 25 years he was constantiy occupied in oollepaie and University work. Asalecniiv in mathematics he obtained oooft-