was placed in command of the 11th army corps, which was surprised in broad daylight by the Confederate Oeneral Jackson, and put to flight, at Chancellorsville, July 1, 1863. In the following autumn he was sent with his corps to the West, took part in the campaign which followed down to the capture of Atlanta, and commanded the right wing of the army during Sherman's " march to the sea." He was, in Dec., 1864, promoted to Brigadier- G-eneral, and in the following March to brevet Major-General in the regular army. In May, 1866, he was placed at the head of the Freedman's Bureau, his duties last- ing unta 1872. From 1869 to 1873 he was President of Howard Univer- sity. In 1872 he was sent as special commissioner to the Indians in New Mexico and Arizona, and from 1873 to 1881 he served on the Indian frontier. Since 1881 he has been at the head of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.
HOWARD OF GLOSSOP (Babon), Thi Right Hon. Edwabd Geobgb Fitzalan Howabd, the second son of Henry Charles, thir- teenth Duke of Norfolk, by Lady Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower, eldest daughter of George, first Duke of Sutherland, was born Jan. 20, 1818, and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. Lord Edward Howard, as he was then called, was Vice-Chamberlain of her Majesty's household from 1846 to 1852, and Deputy Earl-Marshal of England from 1861 to 1863. He unsuccess- fully contested Shoreham in 1847, and Horsham in 1848, but on -peti- tion was seated in the same year for the latter borough. He con- tinued to represent it in the Liberal interest till 1852, when he was ■returned for Arundel, which con- stituency he represented till 1868. During the twenty years in which he sat in the House of Commons, Lord Edward Howard was regarded as the mouthpiece of the English Roman Catholics, whose cl^ms^
especially in the matter of educa- tion for the poor, he unflinchingly supported, as he has since done in the House of Peers, to which assembly he was summoned in Nov., 1869, by the title of Baron Howard of Glossop, in the county of Derby. In 1870 Lord Howard unsuccessfully contested Westmin- ster for the London School Board.
HOWELLS, William Dean, bom at Martinsville, Ohio, March 1, 1837. In 1840 he removed to Hamil- ton, Ohio, with his father, who was a printer and journalist. He learned the printer's trade of his father, and was afterwards editorially con- nected with the Cincinnati Gazette, and the Ohio State Journal. From 1861 to 1865 he was United States Consul at Venice. Returning to America, he engaged in literary labour, and in 1871 became editor of the Atlantic Monthly, a position which he retained until 1880, when he relinquished it to devote himself exclusively to writing. He is now residing abroad. Besides his papers in that magazine and other periodicals, he has published " Poems of Two Friends," himself and J. J. Piatt (1860) j "Vene- tian Life" (1866); "Italian Joumeys" (1867); "No Love Lost" (1868) ; " Suburban Sketches " (1870) ; "Their Wedding Journey" (1872) ; "A Chance Acquaintance," " Poems " (1873) ; " A Foregone Conclusion" (1874); "Counterfeit Presentment," a Comedy ; " A Day's Pleasure" (1876); "The Parlour Car," "Out of the Question," "Life of Rutherford B. Hayes" (1877); "The Lady of the Aroostook" (1879) ; " The Undiscovered Coun- try " (1880) ; " A Fearful Respon- sibility, and other Stories," "Dr. Breen's Practice" (1881) ; and "A Modem Instance" (1882). Under the title of "Choice Biography," he edited, in 1877-78, a series of eight small volumes.
HOWITT, Mrs. Mabt, the daughter of Mr. Botham, a member of the Society of Friends, was bom