was deputed to carry to the French Provisional Government the first congratulatory address of English workmen. In 1851 he was one of the founders of the Leader news- paper ; in 1855 became the manager and editor of Pen and Pencil ; and was for several years a regular X)oetical contributor to the Nation, during the editorship of Mr. Duffy. He has contributed to the Westmin- gter Review, Examiner, and Spectator. He has published: "A History of Wood Eng^ving/' and a series of " The Works of Deceased British Artists," 1860 ; " Claribel, and other Poems/' 1865 ; a " Life of Thomas Paine," " Some Practical Hints on Wood Engraving," 1879 ; and seve- ral volumes of "The English Ee- public." In 1867 he went to Ame- rica, and eventually made his home in New Haven, Connecticut, where he conducts a large engraving esta- blishment.
LIPPINCOTT, Saba Janb (Clabkb), known by her pseudo- nym of " Grace Greenwood," born at Pompey, New York, Sept. 23, 1823. She was educated at Rbchester, New York. Her father having removed to New Brighton, Pennsylvania, she joined him there in 1843, and occu- pied her leisure time in writing for Bkagazines and periodicals. In 1853 she was married to Mr. Leander K. Lippincott, of Philadelphia. In 1854 she established the Little Pilgrim, a paper for children, which for some years had a wide circulation. She has appeared on the stage as a dramatic reader and as a lecturer. Besides frequent contributions to periodicals, she has published " Greenwood Leaves," 1850-52 j History of my Pets," 1850; "Poems," 1861; " Eecollections of my Childhood," 1851 ; " Haps and Mishaps of a Tour in England," 1854 ; " Merrie England," 1855 ; " Forest Tragedy, and other Tales," 1856; " Stories and Legends of Travel," 1858; "History for Chil- dren," 1858 ; " Stories from Famous Ballads," 1860; "Stories of Many
Lands," " Stories and Sights in France and Italy," and " Records of Five Years," 1867; and "New Life in New Lands," 1873.
LISZT, The Abb^ Feanz, pianist, born at Szegszard, in Hun- gary, Oct. 22, 1811, made his first public appearance in a concert in his ninth year, and was afterwards placed under Czemy, Salieri giving him lessons in harmony. After eighteen months of zealous study, he played in a concert with success, and was taken to Paris, where he performed before the Duke of Orleans, and soon became a great favourite in that capital. In 1825 an opera of his was produced, but did not attract. Having made several successful tours through France and England, he in 1825 produced an opera, " Don Sanche, ou le Ch&teau des Amours," which did not com- mand success. He at last heard Paganini, and resolved he would become the Paganini of the piano- forte. His compositions are chiefly valuable for having contributed to raise the art of piano-playing to a height of brilliancy before unat- tained, whilst his own creative powers on that instrument are so marvellous as to place him in the highest rank of great performers. He was promoted Commander of the Legion of Honour in 1861. Although in June, 1864, he wrote a letter contradicting the report that he had entered a convent, he took orders and received the tonsure, April 25, 1865, from his friend, Mgr. de Hohenlohe, in the chapel of the Vatican. Since that period he has chiefly devoted his attention to religious music, and has organised numerous concerts and musical entertainments, the proceeds of which were devoted to works of Catholic charity. At the close of the year 1871 he removed from Bome, and returned to his native country, which generously granted him a pension of iS600 a year, with a nobiliaij title. He was named Director of the Hungarian Academy z z