etc., of the Asteroids/' 1860 ; "Our Financial Policy during the South- em Rebellion/' 1865; "Investiga- tion of the Solar Parallax/' 1867 ;
- ' On the Action of the Planets on
the Moon/' 1871 ; " Tables of the Planet Neptune/' 1865 ; " Tables of Uranus/' 1873; "Planetary Mo- tion/' 1874; "The A. B. C. of F i nance/' 1877; "Popular Astro- nomy/' 1878; "Algebra/' 1881; " Geometry/' 1881 ; " Trigono- metry/' 1882; and, in connection with E. S. Holden, "Astronomy/' 1879.
NEWFOUNDLAND, Bishop op. (See Jones, Db.)
NEWMAN, Francis Wi*.*.iAM, son of John Newman, a member of the banking firm of Eamsbottom, Newman, & Co., and younger brother of Cardinal Newman, bom in London in 1805, was educated at a priyate school at Ealing, and in 1822 was admitted a commoner of Worcester College, Oxford. In 1826 he took his B.A. degree as a double first-class, was Fellow of Balliol from 1826 tiU 1830, when he resigned, because he was unable conscientiously to sub- scribe the Thirty-nine Articles for the Master's degree. He left Eng- land the same year, and resided abroad, visiting the chief countries of the East, and having in 1834 returned, he became Classical Tutor at Bristol College, and held a similar post in 1840 at Manchester New College. In 1846 he was appointed Latin Professor in Uni- versity College, London, but re- signed in 1863. He has written " Lectures on Logic," 1838 ; " Difla- culties of Elementary Geometry," 1841; "History of Hebrew Mo- narchy," 1847; "The Soul: its Sorrows and Aspirations," 1849 ; " Phases of Faith : Passages from my own Creed," 1850 ; " Collection of Poetry, for Elocution," 1850; " Lectures on Ancient and Modern History/' 1851 ; "Lectures on Poli- tical Economy/' 1861 ; " Introduc- tion to Eoman History/' 1852 ;
"Crimes of the House of Haps- burg/' 1853; "CathoHc Union/' 1854 ; " Essay towards a Church of the Future/' 1854; "Theism, Doc- trinal and Practical/' 1858; "Ho- meric Translation in Theory and Practice/' 1861 ; " Text of the Igu- vine Inscriptions," 1864 ; "English Institutions and their Beforms," 1865; "Handbook of Modern Arabic/' 1866 ; " Miscellanies, Aca- demical and Historical," 1869 ; "The Cure of the Great Social Evil, with special reference to recent laws, delusively called Con- tagious Diseases Acts ; " " Orthoepy, or a simple Mode of AccentiQg English, for the advantage of Foreigners and of all Learners/' 1869; and "Europe of the near Future ; with three Letters on the Franco-German War/' 1871. He has contributed to several reviews, especially to the Westminster, Eclec- tic, and Fraser's Magazine, on classical and political subjects. He has written a mathematical paper on the third Elliptic Integral. We understand that he has in hand, already far advanced, an English- Arabic Dictionary, in European type, on an entirely new plan. The books published by him have a mis- cellaneous aspect, which is explained by the violent interruption in his original career, as detailed in his " Phases of Faith."
NEWMAN, His Eminence John Henby, Cardinal Deacon of the Holy Eoman Church, elder brother of Francis Willam Newman, was bom in London in 1801, and edu- cated at Ealing School, whence he proceeded to Trinity College, Ox- ford, where he graduated B.A. in 1820, taking classical honours, and was elected Fellow of Oriel College. In 1825 he became Vice-Principal of St. Alban's Hall, then under the late Dr. (afterwards Archbishop) Whately, and in 1826 Tutor of his College, which post he held until about 1831. In 1828 he accepted the incumbency of St. Mary's, Oxford, with the outlying chaplaincy of