Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/903

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886

PHILLIPS.

Bishop Denison, in 1845. From 1853 to 1857 he sat in the House of Commons as member for Tavistock in the Liberal-Conservative inte- rest. While in Parliament he de- livered some remarkable speeches on Church-rates, Tithe Commuta- tion, and similar questions ; and he introduced the measure known po- pularly as " Dr. Phillimore's Act/' which empowered the Ecclesiastical Courts to take evidence vivd voce. He was appointed Judge of the Cinque Ports in 1865; Her Ma- jesty's Advocate-General (in Ad- miralty) in 1862, when he received the honour of knighthood ; and Judge of the High Court of Ad- miralty, and of the Arches Court of Canterbury in 1867, on which occa- sion he was sworn of the Privy Council. From 1871 to 1873 he held the office of Judge Advocate- General, and he was appointed Master of the Faculties in 1873. In 1875 he resigned his other offices on being nominated Judge of the Admiralty, Probate, &c.. Division of the High Court of Justice. He was created a Baronet in 1881, and retired from the bench March 21, 1883. Sir Kobert Phillimore has published many legal works, the best known being his "Commen- taries upon International Law," 4 vols., 1854-61, which, on reaching a second edition in 1874, obtained the Swiney Prize of the Society of Arts. While Judge of the Arches Court, which was the chief ecclesiastical tribunal in the kingdom, he de- livered many important decisions, and several of his judgments have been published in book form. Among his other works are : " Memoirs ana Correspondence of George Lord Lyttleton, from 1734 to 1773,*' 2 vols., 1846 J "Bussia and Turkey. Armed Intervention on the ground of religion considered as a question of International Law," 2nd ed., 1853 J Speeches in the House of Commons on Church Rates, 1853; Tithe Commutation, 1856 ; " Clergy Discipline," a Letter to the Arch-

bishop of Canterbury, 1872 ; " The Ecclesiaatical Law of the Church of England," 2 vols., 1873 ; ajid " Lo- sing's Laocoon, translated, with pre- face and notes," 1874. He married, in 1844, Charlotte, daughter of John Denison, Esq., of Ossington Hall, Newark, and sister of the late Vis- count Ossington, of the late Sir William Denison, K.C.B., and of the late Bishop of Salisbury.

PHILLIPS, Laxtbencb Baknbtt, son of Bamett Phillipe, Esq., d Bloomsbury Square, was born in London, Jan. 29, 1842, and educated at Dr. Pinches's school, which he left at the age of fourteen, to com- mence 'his mechanical studies. In 1861 he started in busines as a chronometer manufacturer, since which time he has constructed some of the most complicated and finest finished specimens of the horolc^ cal art, and by the invention of various forms of mechanism has done much toward* the introduc- tion of keyless watches. In Nov., 1865, he was elected a Fellow of the Boyal Astronomical Society. In 1866 was published, "The Auto- graphic Album," which was f(J- lowed, in 1871, by "Horological Rating Tables," and in 1873 by Ms

  • • Dictionary of Biographical Refer-

ence." Since the publication of this latter work he has occupied himself with success as an etcher, having produced many charming river and continental scenes, and he has been a constant exhibitor at the Royal Academy.

PHILLIPS, Wendell, born at Boston, Massachusetts, Nov. 29, 1811. He graduated at Harviyrd College in 1831, at Cambridge Law School in 1833, was admitted to the bar in the following year, and prac- tised until 1839, when he retired from professional work on account of his unwillingness to be bound by an oath of fidelity to the U.S. Con- stitution as then construed by the Supreme Court. In 1837 he iden- tified himself with the Anti-Slavery, Temperance, and Woman's Kighi«