Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/904

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PHILPOTT— PICCOLOMINI.

887

reforms, and has ever since been one of the most popular orators in America. During the civil war he advocated a vigorous policy, espe- cially urging the emanciimtion of the slaves. After the close of the war he opposed the dissolution of the American Anti- Slavery Society, and, succeeding William Lloyd Gar- rison, was its President, until its final disbandment in 1870. In that year he was the candidate of the Labour Reform party for Governor of Massachusetts. An edition of his " Speeches, Lectures, and Letters" was published in 18G3. Since that time he has put forth no separate book, but has devoted himself to platform speeches, mainly upon social and political subjects, a few of which have been issued sepa- rately. He is especially noted for his vehement opposition to the con- ciliatory policy pursued towards the South by the recent Presidents, and for his awivocacy of " paper money." PHILPOTT, The Kioht Eev. Henby, D.D., Bishop of Worcester, younger son of the late Mr. Richard Philpott, of Chichester, born Nov. 17, 1807, was educated at the Cathe- dral Grammar School, Chichester, and at St. Catherine's College, Cam- bridge, graduated B.A., as Senior Wrangler and a first class in the Classical Tripos in 1829. He was elected Fellow of his college, and held the office of Assistant Tutor and Tutor till his election to the Mastership of the College in 1845. He served the office of Moderator in the University in 1833, 1834, and 1836, that of Examiner for Mathe- matical Honours in 1837 and 1838, and that of Proctor in 1834-5. The late Bishop of London (Dr. Blom- field) appointed him, in 1837, Preacher in Whitehall Chapel, London, which office he held for two years and a half ; he was twice nominated a Select Preacher before the University ; and was appointed Examining Chaplain by the late Dr. Turton, Bishop of Ely, on his elevation to the episcopate in 1844.

After his election to the Mastership of his college, in 1845, he took an active part in the business of the University, and served as Vice- Chancellor in 1846, 1856, and 1857. At the end of his last year of that office, several members of the Senate presented his portrait, painted by Sir J. W. Gordon, to the University, as a memorial of the services he had rendered diuing the sitting of the Commission, and it is in the Fitzwilliam Museum. He was ap- pointed by the late Prince Consort one of his four Chaplains in 1847, and retained that office till his ele- vation to the see of Worcester in 1860. He was appointed Clerk of the Closet to the Queen in 1865.

PICCOLOMINI, Mabia, operatic singer, member of an ancient and noble family in Tuscany, was born at Sienna, in 1835. In childhood she gave very great promise of vocal powers, ana her parents con- fided her musical education to Bomani, one of the first teachers in Italy, under whose instructions she made her first appearance at Flo- rence, in 1852, in the character of Lucrezia Borgia, being little more than sixteen. This character she performed for twenty nights, with immense success. She sx)ent four years in a professional tour through Italy, and attracted crowds of ad- mirers at Florence, Bome, Palermo, and Verona, and at Turin she ap- peared for the first time in the "Traviata," in which apersk she came before an Enfflish audience in 1856, and met with a most enthu- siastic reception. Her success in Paris was not quite so great, though in that city she was much admired, and drew crowded houses. During her stay in England she sang in the most important cities of the United Kingdom . In addition to the above- mentioned operas, she performed in "Figaro," "The Huguenots," "La Serva' Padrona," " Lucia di Lam- mermoor," " The Bohemian Girl," '• Luisa Miller," " La Figlia del Eeggimento," and as Zerlina, in