exhibited "La Paix" and "La Guerre/* These two subjects won for him his first public success. They were destined for the Museum at Amiens ; and two others of the same series, "Le Travail" and "Le Eepos/' appeared at the Salon of 1863. These decorations were com- pleted by twelve colossal figures, and an allegorical representation of the Depc^tment of the Somme " Ave Picardia Nutrix/' 1865. He has also exhibited "L'Automne," 1864; "La Nuit/' which attracted great attention ; " La Vigilance " and " La Fantaisie," 1866 ; " Le Jen," 1868; " MassiUa/' 1869. " Massilia " was one of a series of decorations executed for the Mu- seum of Marseilles, and shortly after this date M. de Chavannes began to treat a different order of subjects, but his " St. John " and his "Ville de Paris pendant le Si^ge," showed that the path of mystical allegory was foreign to the character of his talent, and in the "Scenes from the Life of St. Genevieve," which occupied him for four years at the Pantheon, he returned to the style and nature of his earlier compositions.
PYAT, FiLix, poUtical writer and dramatist, born at Vierzon, Oct. 4, 1810, received an excellent education, studied law at Paris, and was admitted an advocate in 1831. Contrary to the wishes of his friends, he devoted himself to literature, and after writing for the Figaro and the Charivari, was at- tached to the Siicle, As an author he is best known by his dramas, such as "Mathilde, "Diog^ne," and "Le Chiffonnier de Paris," which acquired considerable popu- larity on account of the political allusions they contain. At the out- break of the revolution of 1848, he abandoned literature for politics, joining the ranks of Ledru Bollin, with whom he went into exile. His political views are developed in his work, " Le Droit du Travail," pub« lished in 1848, and he addressed
" The Letter of the Jersey Exiles to the Queen of England," after the return of Her Majesty from her visit to France in 1855. He was tried for some political offence be- fore the Correctional Police in Paris, and was sentenced par contu- mace to a fine and imprisonment in 1861. Soon after the establishment c^ the Bepublic in 1870, he returned to Paris, and became one of the leaders of the Communists, and the editor of several revolutionary journals, such as the Combat and the Vengeur. In March, 1873, he was condemned to death, par conittnuzc^, having been indicted for incitement to civil was*, partisanship in the in- surrection of the Commune, and complicity in the massacre of the hostages. The amnesty of July 14, 1880, permitted him to return to Paris.
PYCEOFT, The Ebv. Jambs, bom in 1813, took his B.A. degree at Trinity College, Oxford, in 1836, and was incumbent of St. Mary's, Barnstaple, from 1845 till 1856. He is principally known as having written " Twenty Years in the Church," 1859, and " Elkerton Rectory," 1860, which have been widely circulated among church- men of every party. His " Agony Point," in 1861, and "Dragon's Teeth," in 1863, have both had a large circulation; the former con- taining a warning against living at "Agony Point," as to debts and other difficulties; the latter show- ing the crop of pernicious habits wmch spring from a defective sys- tem in modem education. His other works are " Remarks on School Education," and "Student's Gxdde to University Honours," 1842 J " Greek Grammar Practice," and " Latin Grammar Practice," 1844; "Collegian's Guide;" "Re- collections of College Life," 1845 ; and " Ways and Works of Men of Letters," 1860.
PYNE, Louisa^ a popular English singer, daughter ol a well-known singer, Mr. G. Pyne, and niece of