Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/24

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ARGENTIN E CON FEDERATION, 1853. ]7 the security as well as the encouragement of such commercial intercourse, and for the maintenance of good understanding between the two Governments, that the relations now subsisting between them should be regularly acknowledged and connrmed by the signing of a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation; for this purpose they have nominated their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: The_Pres1dent of the United States, Robert C. Schenck, Envoy Ex- Ncgotiators. traordmary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States to Brazil, and John S. Pendleton, Chargé d’Affaires of the United States to the Argentine Conlederation; and His Excellency the Provisional Director of the Argentine Confederation, Doctor Don Salvador Maria del Carril, and Doctor Don José Benjamin Gorostiaga; Who, after having communicated to each other their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles: Ancrrcnn I. There shall be perpetual amity between the United States and their Perpetual amity. citizens on the one part, and the Argentine Confederation and its citizens on the other part. Anrronn IL There shall be between all the territories of the United States and all F¤°°d°m °f °°m· the territories of the Argentine Confederation a reciprocal freedom of '““'°°‘ commerce. The citizens of the two countries, respectively, shall have liberty, hccly and securely, to come with their ships and cargoes to all places, ports, and rivers in the territories of either, to which other for— eiguers, or the ships or cargoes of any other foreign nation or State, are, or may be, permitted to come; to enter into the same, and to remain and reside in any part thereof, respectively; to hire and occupy houses and warehouses, for the purposes of their residence and com· R<>¤i<l¤¤¤¤ ¤¤d merce; to trade in all kinds of produce, manufacturers, and merchan- “““°‘ dise of lawful commerce; and generally to enjoy, in all their business, the most complete protection and security, subject to the general laws _ and usages of the two countries respectively. In like manner, the re- Shzlgcggnf *3;; spective ships of war, and post-odlce or passenger packets of the two $,2,,,,, Pak,,,? countries, shall have liberty, freely and securely, to come to all harbors, · rivers, and places to which other foreign ships of war and packets are, or may be, permitted to come; to enter into the same, to anchor and remain there and reiit, subject always to the laws and usages of the two countries respectively. ARTICLE III. The two high contracting parties agree that any favor, exemption, Favors granted privilege, or immunity whatever, in matters of commerce or navigation, {:g·;;';,*::;:z“ which either of them has actually granted, or may hereafter grant, to ° the citizens or subjects of any other government, nation, or State, shall extend, in identity of cases and circumstances, to the citizens of the other contracting party, gratuitously, if the concession in favor of that other government, nation, or state, shall have been gratuitous, or in return for an equivalent compensation, if the concession shall have been conditional. Anrronn IV. No hi her or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into N¤_di¤¤*l¤¤l¤¤°l¤8 the termgories of either of the two contracting parties of any article of d““°“°“ P'°°“°°‘“‘ the growth, produce, or manufacture of the terr1tor1es_of the_other contracting party, than are, or hall be, payable on the like article of any other foreign country; nor shall any other or higher duties or charges be imposed in the territories of either of the contracting parties, on the n s rv-2