450 PUBLIC TREATIES. two countries, and to secure the best interest of their respective citizens and subjects by encouraging, facilitating, and regulating their industry and trade, have resolved to conclude a treaty of amity and commerce for this purpose, and have therefore named as their plenipotentiaries, that is to say: Negntiamrs. The Presiderm of the United States, His Excellency Townsend Harris, Consul-General of the United States of America for the Empire of Japan, and His Majesty the Ty-ooon of Japan, their Exeellencies Inoooye, Prince of Siuano, and Iwasay, Prince of Hego; Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, and found them to be in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles: Anrrcma I. Peace and friend- There shall henceforward be perpetual peace and friendship between ¤hip· the United States of America and His Majesty the Ty-coon of Japan and his successors. Diplomatic and The President of the United States may appoint a Diplomatic Agent ¤¤¤¤¤|=¤ ¤s<>¤¤¤- to reside at the city of Yedo, and Consul or Consular Agents to reside at any or all of the ports in Japan which are opened for American commerce by this treaty. The Diplomatic Agent and Consul-General of the United States shall have the right to travel freely in any part of the Empire of Japan from the time they enter on the discharge of their ollicial duties. The Government of Japan may appoint a Diplomatic Agent to reside at Washington, and Consuls or Consular Agents for any or all of the ports of the United States. The Diplomatic Agent and Consul General of Japan may travel t'reely in any part of the United States from the time they arrive in the country. Amrronn II. Mnngmcu 1,.,- The President of the United States, at the request of the Japanese tween Japan and Government, will act as a friendly mediator in such matters of diner- E“'°P°°¤ P°"°'°· ence as may arise between the Government of Japan and any European power. Aid to ,;,.,.,,1;.,.,., The ships of war of the United States shall render friendly aid and vessels. assistance to such Japanese vessel as they may meet on the high seas, so far as it can be done without a breach of neutrality; and all American Consuls residing at ports visited by Japanese vessels shall also give them such friendly aid as may be permitted by the laws of the respective countries in which they reside. Anrrom III. Adam.,",,) 0,,.,,, In addition to the ports of Simoda and Hakodade, the following ports ports. and towns shall be opened on the dates respectively appended to them, that is to say: Kanagawa, on the (4th of July, 1859) fourth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-nine; Nagasaki, on the (4th of July, 1859) fourth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and fifty- nine; Nee-e-gata, on the (lst of January, 1860) ilrst day of January, one thousand eight hundred and sixty; Hiogo, on the (1st of January,
- 1863) first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-
ree. lf Nee-e-gate is found to be unsuitable as a harbour, another port on Ru, d an 0 o of the west coast of Nl[)0ll shall be selected by the two Governments in A,,,,,,.,,,,,,,, ,,, lieu thereof. Six mouths after the opening of Kanagawa the port of Japan. Simoda shall be closed as a place of residence and trade for American citizens. In all the foregoing ports and towns American citizens may permanently reside; they shall have the right to lease ground, and purchase the buildings thereon, and may erect dwellings and warehouses.