562 PUBLIC TREATIES. measures necessary for the preservation of the eifects of the wrecked vessel. _ _ Estates or as- 10. They may take possession, make inventories, appoint appraisers ¤¤¤¤•=¤1 1¤¤¤¤¤¤¤· to estimate the value of articles, and proceed to the sale of the movable property ofindividuals of their nation who may die in the country where the Consul resides without leaving executors appointed by their will or heirs·at-law. In all such proceedings, the Consul shall act in conjunction with two merchants, chosen by himself', for drawing up the said papers or delivering the property or the produce of its sales, observing the laws of his country and the orders which he may receive from his own Government; but Consuls shall not discharge these functions in those States whose peculiar legislation may not allow it. Whensoever there is no Consul in the place where the death occurs, the local authority shall take all the precautions in their power to secure the property of the deceased. _ _ Dmmm from 11. They may demand from the local authorities the arrest of seamen vessels. deserting from the vessels of the nation in whore service the Consul is employed, exhibiting, if necessary, the register of the vessel, her muster roll, and any other official document in support of this demand. The said authorities shall take such measures as may bein their power for the discovery and arrest of such deserters, and shall place them at the disposition of the Consul; but if the vessel to which they belong shall have sailed, and no opportunity for sending them away shouldoccnr, they shall be kept in arrest, at the expense of the Consul, for two months; and if, at the expiration of that time, they should not have been sent away, they shall be set at liberty by the respective authorities, and cannot again be arrested for the same cause. D,,mm,,,t, and 12. They. may give such documents as may be necessary for the interpspsrs. course between the two countries, and countersign those which may have been given by the authorities. They may also give hills of health, if necessary, to vessels sailing from the port where the Consul resides to the ports of the nation to which he belongs; they may also certify invoices, muster-rolls, and other papers necessary for the commerce and navigation of vessels. 0,,,,,,1,, m,,,,,, 13. They may appoint a chancellor or secretary whensoever the contarics. sulatc has none and one is required for authenticating documents. Ccmmcrci al 14. They may appoint commercial agents to employ all the meansill agents. their power, inbehalf of individuals of thenation in whose service the -Consul is, and for executing the commissions which the Consul may think proper to intrust to them, out of the place of his residence; provided, however, that such agents are not to enjoy the prerogatives conceded to Consuls, but only those which are peculiar to commercial agents. Anrrcmsi IV. Employment of The Consuls of one of the contracting Republics residing in another good sums. country may employ their good offices in favor of individuals of the other Republic which has no Consul in that country. Anrrcnn V. csnsuim- pmog. The contracting Republics recognize no diplomatic character in O011- ¤¤v¤¤- suls, for which reason they will not enjoy in either country the im!¤¤· mties grunted to public agents accredited in that character; but, in orderthat the said Oonsnls may exercise their proper functions without ditheulty or delay, they shall enjoy the following prerogatives: Iuyioiubtjgty of 1. The archives and papers of the consulate shall be inviolable, and archives. C8;;?); be seized by any functionary of the country in which t}10.Y m . Jul-i,,u,,u,,¤_ _ 2. Consuls, in all that exclusively concerns the exercise of their f11H0- tions, shall be independent of the State in whose territory they reside.