Proposed Amendments to the U.S. Constitution as Passed by the Senate

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Proposed Amendments to the U.S. Constitution as Passed by the Senate  (1789) 
September 14, 1789
From the National Archives and Records Administration; Record Group 46: Records of the U.S. Senate, 1789 - 2015; Series: Bills and Resolutions Originating in the House and Considered in the Senate, 1789 - 2002; File Unit: Bills and Resolutions Originating in the House and Considered in the Senate during the 1st Congress, 1789 - 1791; ARC #2173242
The Conventions of a Number of the States having, at the Time of their adopting the Conʃtitution, expreʃʃed a Deʃire, in Order to prevent miʃconʃtruɛtion or abuʃe of its Powers, that further declaratory and reʃtriɛtive Clauʃes ʃhould be added: And as extending the Ground of public Confidence in the Government, will beʃt inʃure the beneficent ends of its Inʃtitution—

RESOLVED, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houʃes concurring, That the following articles be propoʃed to Legiʃlation of the ʃeveral States, as amendments to the Conʃtitution of the United States, all or any of which articles, when ratified by three fourths of the ʃaid Legiʃlatures, to be valid to all intents and purpoʃes, as part of the ʃaid Conʃtitution—Viz.

Articles in addition to, and amendment of, the Conʃtitution of the United States of America, propoʃed by Congreʃs, and ratified by the Legiʃlatures of the ʃeveral States, purʃuant to the fifth Article of the original Conʃtitution.


After the firʃt enumeration, required by the firʃt article of the Conʃtitution, there ʃhall be one Repreʃentative for every thirty thouʃand, until the number ʃhall amount to one hundred; to which number one Repreʃentative ʃhall be added for every ʃubʃequent increaʃe of forty thouʃand, until the Repreʃentatives ʃhall amount to two hundred, to which number one Repreʃentative ʃhall be added (illegible text)iv thouʃand perʃons.


No law, varying the compenʃation for the ʃervices of the Senators and Repreʃentatives, ʃhall take effeɛt, until and eleɛtion of Repreʃentatives ʃhall have intervened.


Congreʃs ʃhall make no law eʃtabliʃhing articles of faith, or a mode of worʃhip, or prohibiting the free exerciʃe of religion, or abridging the freedom of ʃpeech, or of the preʃs, or the right of the people peaceably to aʃʃemble, and to petition to the government for a redreʃs of grievances.


A well regulated militia, being neceʃʃary to the ʃecurity of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, ʃhall not be infringed.


No ʃoldier ʃhall, in time of peace, be quartered in any houʃe, without the conʃent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be preʃcribed by law.


The right of the people to be ʃecure in their perʃons, houʃes, papers, and effeɛts, againʃt unreaʃonable ʃearches and ʃeizures, ʃhall not be violated, and no warrants ʃhall iʃʃue, but upon probable cauʃe, ʃupported by oath or affirmation, and particularly deʃcribing the place to be ʃearched, and the perʃons or things to be ʃeized.


No perʃon ʃhall be held to anʃwer for a capital, or otherwiʃe infamous crime, unleʃs on a preʃentment or indiɛtment of a Grand Jury, except in caʃes ariʃing in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in aɛtual ʃervice in time of war or public danger; nor ʃhall any perʃon be ʃubject for the ʃame offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor ʃhall be compelled in any criminal caʃe, to be a witneʃs againʃt himʃelf, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due proceʃs of law; nor ʃhall private property be taken for public uʃe without juʃt compenʃation.

(illegible text) Sess: (illegible text) 1st Con
Amendments to Constitution U. S.


In all criminal proʃecutions, the accuʃed ʃhall enjoy the right to a ʃpeedy and public trial, to be informed of the nature and cauʃe of the accuʃation, to be confronted with the witneʃʃes againʃt him, to have compulʃory proceʃs for obtaining witneʃʃes in his favour, and to have the aʃʃiʃtance of counʃel for his defence.


In ʃuits at common law, where the value in controverʃy ʃhall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by Jury ʃhall be preʃerved, and no faɛt, tried by a Jury, ʃhall be otherwiʃe re-examined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.


Exceʃʃive bail ʃhall not be required, nor exceʃʃive fines impoʃed, nor cruel and unuʃual puniʃhments infliɛted.


The (illegible text) ʃhall not be conʃtrued to deny or diʃparage others retained by the people.


The powers not delegated to the United States by the Conʃtitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reʃerved to the States reʃpectively, or to the people.


This work was published before January 1, 1926, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.