Senate Revisions to House Proposed Amendments to the U.S. Constitution
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Monday, 24th August, 1789.
RESOLVED, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses
deeming it necessary , That the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as Amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the said Constitution—Viz.
ARTICLES in addition to, and amendment of, the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.
ARTICLE THE FIRST.
After the first enumeration, required by the first Article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred,
ARTICLE THE SECOND.
No law varying the compensation
to the members of Congress , shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
ARTICLE THE THIRD.
Congress shall make no law establishing
religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, nor shall the rights of Conscience be infringed.
ARTICLE THE FOURTH.
The Freedom of Speech,
and of the Press, and the right of the People peaceably to assemble, and consult for the common good, and to apply to the Government for a redress of grievances, shall not be infringed.
ARTICLE THE FIFTH.
ARTICLE THE SIXTH.
No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
ARTICLE THE SEVENTH.
The right of the People to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
ARTICLE THE EIGHT.
No person shall be subject,
except in case of impeachment, to more than one trial, or one punishment for the same offense, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case, to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.
ARTICLE THE NINTH.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence.
ARTICLE THE TENTH.
and no person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherways infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment by a Grand Jury; but if a crime he committed in a place in the possession of an enemy, or in which an insurrection may prevail, the indictment and trial may by law be authorised in some other place within the same State.
ARTICLE THE ELEVENTH.
any fact, triable by a Jury according to the course of the common law, be otherwise re-examinable, than according to the rules of common law.
ARTICLE THE TWELTH.
In suits at common law,the right of trial by Jury shall be preserved.
ARTICLE THE THIRTEENTH.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
ARTICLE THE FOURTEENTH.
ARTICLE THE FIFTEENTH.
The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
ARTICLE THE SIXTEENTH.
ARTICLE THE SEVENTEENTH.
The powers not delegatedby the Constitution, nor prohibited by it, to the States, are reserved to the States respectively
- JOHN BECKLEY, Clerk.
In Senate, August 25, 1789.
Read and ordered to be printed for the consideration of the Senate.
- Attest, SAMUEL A. OTIS, Secretary.