Translation:Shulchan Aruch/Yoreh Deah/18

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1) One who shechts with a checked knife and (after the shechita) finds it to be nicked, Rama: {Even from the side.} behold this is a neveila (animal which was killed improperly). Even if (the knife) touched the neck bone we do not attribute it to having been nicked by it (the neck bone) after the shechita. Rather we worry that maybe it was nicked by the skin and he happened to have shechted with a nicked knife, and this is even with a chicken (whose neck skin is very soft)...

2) The measure of a nick is anything, provided that something (can) gets stuck in it, even a strand of hair...

3) One must check the knife before shechita, and if one didn't check one shall not shecht. If one transgressed and did not check beforehand, and (instead) checked afterwards and found the knife to be suitable (not nicked), his shechita is kosher

4) If one inspected a knife (in one direction) and didn't feel a flaw, if he checks another time (in a different direction) and he feels a flaw, this checking is to be disputed, if you slaughter in the direction that the checking was conducted (without a flaw) and did not reverse the direction, the slaughter is acceptable. If perhaps he reversed the direction, the slaughter is unacceptable. And one who cuts and doesn't feel the flaw before the slaughter, only if we found his knife acceptable before the slaughter; however (now) after the slaughter we find a disputable flaw, as it is said: it is clear me that if he cut in only one direction, the direction without flaw alone, the slaughter is unacceptable.

5) A knife that has many flaws, even if everyone disputes them, even if slaughtered (under the rubric of) after the fact, it is not acceptable. Because the flaws are many we worry when he returns his hand and kills (he will) not feel it.

6) When a knife has been sharpened, but its edge is not smooth, instead, when one touches it, it is like touching the tip of an ear of grain which becomes stuck on one's finger, [nevertheless,] since it does not have a blemish, one may slaughter with it.

7) When the edge of a knife is smooth and is not sharp, one may slaughter with it, since it does not have a flaw. Even though one passes it back and forth the entire day until the slaughter [is completed], the slaughter is acceptable.

8) A knife that (has a shape that) goes up and down like a snake without any flaws, one can use to slaughter with from the outset.

9) The checking of a knife requires the (use of the) skin and fingernail from three angles, in other words one must pass it over and draw it back over the flesh of his finger and afterwards pass it back on one's fingernail from three angles, (which are) its tip and both of its sides so that (to insure) it will not have a blemish at all.(after this) We check (the knife) slowly and with full concentration not turning one's mind to other things, and then repeat on another nail slightly to check, that damaged nail on the sharp part of the knife, and perhaps there is a flaw on both sides that he didn't feel by passing it in a damaged nail.

10) If a knife has a flaw, one may not slaughter even with the smooth part, lest he use the flawed part. On Yom Tov, the custom is to allow tying a cloth around the flaw (to ensure that it will not be used to slaughter), for one may not sharpen the knife. Even during a weekday, if one did not have a chance to sharpen the knife, one is allowed to slaughter by means of typing a cloth on the flaw.

11) If a person slaughters many animals or many fowl, he must inspect [the knife] between each [slaughter]. If he did not check, and then checked after slaughtering the last one and discovered [the knife] to be blemished, there is an unresolved doubt whether all of them even the first are considered nevelot.

12) Although one checks the knife before the slaughter one needs to perform a check after the slaughtering. This is talking about when he still has the knife, but if the knife got lost, the shechitah is kosher as long as the knife was checked before the shechitah, even if he slaughtered many one after the other. If a damage was felt in the neck of one of them, one should be strict and worry about all those slaughtered afterwards.

13) If one slaughters with a knife that was checked, and checked before and the knife was lost before it was checked after the slaughter, and afterwards we find the knife and see it flawed, the slaughter is acceptable inasmuch as it performed properly. And if we find a flaw as stated that smashed a bone without knowing after the slaughter, and the knife remains with the established chazaka.

14) If one doesn't check the knife and slaughters and loses the knife before he makes the additional check which is necessary afterwards, if he slaughter without the additional check its is forbidden. When does this apply? when a regular knife is used, however if a butcher has a special knife for slaughtering in a special place put away there always, traditionally we check it, if it is slaughtered without an additional check, it is acceptable.

15) If somebody slaughters with a knife that has been checked and after the slaughter he chops bones with the knife in an unusual way (not in a manner of going back and forth)and if we then check and we find a flaw the slaughter is acceptable because we assume that it got chipped because he broke the bone.SO in any simliar case, like it falls on the hard ground.If we saw it specifically fall its blade (its flawed) however because of this doubt we don't attribute what is said if it did not fall on the blade. And if a break occurs because of a neck bone, even in the direction that the break occurred, we don’t attribute what occurs before it to it at all, because the neck is soft.

16) If one checks a knife after the slaughter and then stores it away and after we find that it is defective, we can have no objection, it is said someone else did it, so if we find a flaw as stated that smashed a bone without knowing after the slaughter.

17) A butcher who doesn't get his knife seen by a scholar, we place a ban on him.Presently our practice is to appoint well known people to slaughter and inspect,so the scholars gave up this honor to check by themselves and trust the shochtim, because they are careful and diligent. There is need for a lot of clarity of mind and fear of heaven in checking the knife, If this is not apparent look that he checks it 3 times without feeling the damage for one minute, afterwards we find what he slaughtered recently, we test him to get a sense and feel in accordance with the intention of his heart.

18) A butcher needs to get paid for treifot as from kosher slaughter.

19) (If) Reuven tells Shimon, check this knife, and he checked it twice but needed to check it 12 times and he then hands it back to Reuven, while Reuven was going to slaughter Levi stopped his hand and found a defect on the knife.Reuven then apologizes and says he wants (the knife) re-checked further properly.(however) His actions prove him, and it was enough for him to check for this reason we remove him. And if we see that the situation arose out of error, and that he actually is kosher we then re-instate him, this is done solely that he understands not to repeat such a thing.

20) A butcher that finds a flaw on the head of the knife and says: "This flaw before me covers the blood of fowl on the head of the knife; and I slaughter and i’m careful that I do not touch the flaw", he is removed from his post; and it is close to say the vessels are prohibited as no longer kosher.