Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey/Supplement/Sussex
NOTES TO SUSSEX.
14. Ashburnham.—"The church Gibson mentions as having being built by John Ashburnham Esq., grandfather to then present lord, and consisting of three chancels." (Sussex, by M. A. Lower, 1831, p. 42.)
20. Beddingham.—Chancel, nave, north aisle, south porch, and west tower. Piers and arches between nave and aisle Tr. Norm., or early E.E. A south aisle has been destroyed, but a pier remaining on that side is earlier than those opposite. Tower Perp., containing numerous old stones, of which several have Norm, mouldings. The clerestory windows, now closed, seem to have been pointed quatrefoils. East window now Dec. The larger portion of, if not all, the outer wall of the body of the edifice has been rebuilt, but the north wall of chancel has some traces of very small Norm, windows.
21. Beeding.—Only chancel, nave, south porch, and west tower not in the centre of that end of the building. Some remains of Norm, work, some E.E., and more debased Perp. The church has been larger, but has been sadly treated.
36. Botolph's.—Chancel, nave, modern south porch, and small west tower, entered only from nave. An E.E. north aisle is demolished. Chancel contains piscina and ambry. East window a Dec. insertion. A Norm, window remains in south wall of nave. The idea that the chancel arch is Anglo-Saxon may be correct, the style of it being peculiar; but it seems doubtful whether the half-round forming the inner soffit of the arch originally terminated in corbels, as now, or whether shafts were continued thence down the side piers.
37. Bourne, East.—This church well deserves inspection. It is large, comprehending chancel, nave, north and south aisles, with chancel and porch to each, west tower, and vestry on exterior of east end of high chancel. Aisles divided into two portions, beside chancels, and each has possessed a newel stair to roof, the northern being without, the other within, the building. In chancel are piscina, three sedilia separated by shafts, and a quadrangular ogée-topped niche or ambry in the eastern wall, all apparently coeval with vestry. Small niches in western face of the two eastern piers between nave and aisles. Chancel and nave Tr. Norm., nearly E.E. Some Dec. work, including good screens, and some Perp. Windows of north aisle have at angles of jambs light semi-octagonal shafts, the faces of which are concave, of Dec. date. The old parsonage, now almshouses, may be Perp., but it is in ruinous condition. The "vaulted apartment," p. 204, at the Lamb inn, is an ancient cellar of a single bay.
42. Bramber.—Of the original church the chancel and transepts have been destroyed, what was the central tower now forming the chancel. There are no traces of an aisle on either side of the nave. Of the Castle the only vestiges are one high fragment of a tower, and portions of the outer walls, A farm in the parish, south-westward from the church, called Magdalen Farm, may possibly have been connected with the hospital of St. Magdalen in Bramber. An old house in the village street, near the Vetus Pons, is curious. Part is greatly dilapidated, but it has been handsomely ornamented, alterations and decorations having been made about temp. Q. Eliz. or K. James I.
47. Buncton.—This small, but interesting, building of Norm, date, with later alterations and repairs, comprises only chancel and nave, with a recently erected bell-turret on the west end of the latter. Of the chancel the two-light east window is Dec.; there is an ogée-headed piscina; two brackets, one new, in the east wall ; and in the northern side a large pointed arched ambry, with a shelf of Horsham slate. The northern abacus of the chancel arch, which is round has some double square-billet moulding, and a small human figure is rudely carved on the under side. The north and south doors, the last walled up, are rather narrow, and had horizontal lintels below round arches. In exterior of both north and south walls of chancel is an arcade; the northern, though mutilated, is clearly Norm., the arches being very acutely pointed. The bad condition of the other does not admit of a description. In the walls are stones, which have been previously used; also tiles, which may be Roman (see p. 208), but they have at least equally the appearance of old paving tiles.
83. Edburton.—At Fulking in this parish the remains of a piscina indicate, that formerly a chapel was attached to the residence. The house was accidentally burnt, about A.D. 1830 perhaps, when occupied only by labourers. The piscina is at the east end of the building as now standing, and is wrought in chalk.
93. Ferring.—Till the preceding sheets were passing through the press the fact, clearly proved by collation, was overlooked, that the two quotations, namely, from Monast. vi, 1163, in p. 227, and from Cod. Dipl. v, 53, in p. 228, refer to the very same document, notwithstanding the apparent difference of date. In the former work the year seems to have been given as it is actually written in the charter DCCXI, whereas in the latter Mr. Kemble has represented it thus, DCCX(C)I, suggesting the omission of a numeral by the transcriber. That such omission has been committed is evident from the deed itself, which declares it had received the consent and permission of King Offa, consequently it could not have been executed A.D. 711, since Offa ascended the throne, according to the Saxon Chronicle, A.D. 755 or 756, and died A.D. 794. (Gibs. 59, 65). There are a few other unimportant discrepancies between the two above-mentioned copies of this grant, which runs thus, the various readings of Cod. Dipl. being placed in brackets, and marked K.——"Ego Aldwlfus dux Suthsaxonum aliquantulum (aliquantulam, K.) silvæ partem juris mei Wethuni episcopo largiri atque distribuere curabam, cum concessu et licentia Offæi regis Anglorum, in loco qui dicitur Gealtborgsteal (Cealtborgsteal, K.) ad ecclesiam S. Andreæ quæ sita est in terra quæ vocatur Ferring. Quæ silva certis finibus terminatur in occidentali plaga, juxta superiorem viam quæ currit ab australi parte usque ad septentrionem (terminatur; in occidentali plaga, juxta superiorem viam quæ currit ab australi parte usque ad septentrionem, K.) et in altera parte circuitu campestria" (campestri ?). "Qui hanc parvam donationis munificentiam augere et ampliare voluerit, augeat Dominus partem ejus in libro vitæ. Si vero, quod absit, aliquis tyrannica fretus potestate, temerarie tenere aut minuere voluerit, sciat se in tremendo examinis judicio horribiliter incidere in manus Dei viventis. Et hæc acta sunt in monte qui vocatur Biohthandoune, anno incarnationia Domini nostri Jesu Christi MCCX(C)I ..........Ego Ealdwlf, qui donavi, signum S. crucis expressi Ego Ealdwlf consentio et subscribe ."
"I Aldwlf, duke of the South Saxons, undertook to grant and assign to bishop Wethun, with the consent and permission of Offa, king of the English, a small piece of woodland, belonging to me, in the place which is named Cealtborgsteal, for the church of St. Andrew, which stands in the estate called Ferring. Which wood is bounded by certain limits; on the western border, next the highway which runs from the southern part to the north; and on the other side plains (extend) around. Whoever will increase and enlarge this small bounty of donation, the Lord increase his share in the book of life. But if, which God forbid, any one, relying on tyrannical power, will rashly retain or diminish (it), let him know that in the awful judgment of (the day of) trial he (will) fall fearfully into the hands of the living God. And these were done in the mount called Biohthandoune, in the year of the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ 791 ...... I Ealdwlf, the giver, have marked the sign of the holy cross I, Ealdwlf, consent and subscribe ."
This charter, of which the greater portion has been presented above, is stated by Mr. Kemble to be in the possession of the Dean and Chapter of Chichester, the reference to his authority being "Reg. B, xviii, f 5, pen. Dec. et Cap. Cicest."
In the whole of the document there is, contrary to the supposition intimated in p. 228, nothing to indicate the situation of the wood, bestowed by Duke Ealdwlf, farther than that it was "in the place called Cealtborgsteal;" which last name may possibly hereafter be recognised in some modern form, although even in that case we shall not be necessarily enabled to decide, whether the monastery of St. Andrew was erected at Ferring or at Frant, as they are now distinguished. May the original of the term "Borstall" or "Bostall," still known, be discovered in the last two syllables of the Saxon appellation Cealtborgsteal?
A more deliberate consideration of the question, and of the authorities cited relative thereto, instead of shaking, has rather confirmed the opinion, expressed pp. 227, 228, that the name Ferring in the documents quoted really intends Frant.
98. Folkington.—A small flint church of chancel and nave, with a modern north porch, and a shingled bell-cot over the west end. Externally it appears E. E., with later repairs and alterations. Not entered. At Wotton in this parish no vestige of antiquity is visible or to be heard of.
100. Guildford, East.—This church has been rebuilt with yellow brick, but not recently. The interior forms one wide space, covered by a double roof, which latter is supported by a row of oak posts, entire trees, down the centre of the edifice, of which the exterior has a most barn-like appearance. A square slab of stone, with a large crest (quite free) and a (smaller) coat of arms carved thereupon, together with several large stone corbels, or brackets, angels holding plain shields, or similar devices, are preserved within the building, probably relics of a former church.
110. Hailsham.—Among the farm buildings at Otham, near the Polegate railroad station, stands the ancient chapel almost entire, and still, in 1851, used as a stable. It is small, measuring only about thirty-five feet in external length, Dec., and rather early, the hood mouldings terminating in the E.E. mask-like ornament. It had north and south doors, east, north, and south windows. There are considerable remains of a piscina and a sedile, the former apparently having been crocketed, but, compared with the present floor of the stable, having been placed unusually low. The east window retains no vestige of an exterior hood. The north and south windows had each seven cusps, the upper three pointed, the others round.
112*. Hamsey.—Chancel, nave, south porch, and west tower. The chancel, from the evidence of a small Norm, window, seems to be of that date; chancel arch the same ; and so may be wall of nave, but that has been repaired, and is now coated with plaster. Chancel contains a high, trefoil-headed piscina, and an ornamented Perp. altar tomb. An E.E. arch in north wall of nave, near chancel, indicates a small chapel to have existed on that side. Tower late Perp., low, but very massive. Projection for stairs quadrangular, and unusually large. The diagonal buttresses at the east end, being evident additions, do not militate against the Norm, date assigned to that portion.
114. Haningedune.—The northern wall of a very small building, "near the ponds," upon the farm premises of Annington, standing about east and west, contains some old stones, which may have belonged to the chapel here, and this may have been the site of that chapel.
119. Hastings.—St. Clement's Church. Chancel, nave, north and south aisles with porches, and west tower, all the several portions being on a large scale but the whole so dilapidated and altered, that no farther notice is required than that the entire seems to be Perp. There is a crypt, or vault, under the chancel, but it could not be entered. All Saints' consists of the same members as St. Clement's wanting the north porch and the crypt, and the tower being groined at a considerable elevation. The same general description applies to both Churches. Chancel of All Saints' retains a trefoiled piscina, with a rose in the centre of the basin; and three cinqfoiled sedilia on the same level. Well preserved Brasses: "Here under thys ston lyeth the bodys of Thomas Goodenouth sometyme burges of this towne and Margaret his wyf of whose soules of your charite say a pater noster and a ave." In porch a mutilated stoup engaged in the wall, resembling a reduced copy of the font. East window of north aisle has a few small fragments of coloured glass. Castle. Mouldings of remains now exposed of E.E. character.
120. Heathfield.—Chancel, nave, north and south aisles with porches, and west tower with shingled spire. South aisle has chancel, which is Norm., or Tr. Norm., and may, not improbably, have been the chancel of the original church, which consequently must have been much smaller than the present structure; remainder of building being entirely of a later period, including some of Dec., if not of E.E., date, the interior being chiefly, or entirely, Perp. There are some small remnants of coloured glass. Under chancel is a crypt, which was not entered. North aisle rebuilt in 1851.
128. Hollington.—A very small church, solitary in a wood, of only chancel and nave, with a south porch, and a bell-cot, possibly the successor of an original bell-turret, over the west end. Porch of timber, not ancient. Windows squared, walls plastered, and not a trace of antiquity visible beyond the hood moulding over a door. A building totally devoid of interest.
137. Icklesham.—A church of rather curious arrangement, and maybe compared, or contrasted, with that of Climping in this county. It consists of chancel with north and south aisles (the latter not ranging with the former at the east end), tower at the western extremity of the north chancel-aisle, and nave with north and south aisles. The south chancel-aisle is private property, and both might perhaps more properly be styled chapels. The tower, which is vaulted, is Norm., as are also the nave and aisles, two small round-headed windows being yet visible in the south wall. The arch leading eastward from the south aisle is Norm., but that of the nave has been altered. The remainder of the building is E.E., with some later portions. In the high chancel is an ogee-headed piscina, perfect: in the south chancel another trefoiled and crocketed, mutilated. There are arcades in the north and south sides of the chancel-aisles. The nave appears short in proportion to the eastern division of the edifice, a common character of Norm, churches with E.E. alterations. N.B. In consequence of repairs in progress the nave was unroofed and locked up, so that the above observations are possibly incomplete.
140. Iford.—Chancel of this church contains a small piscina in south wall, and an ambry in opposite side : also an E.E. window, and an E.E. arch into a chapel on north, which, from indications without, was probably wider originally than now. There are many old paving tiles, but plain, and worn. Two very small Norm, windows under north and south arches of tower were probably replaced there from the transepts. Font E.E.
145. Jevington. Chancel, nave, north aisle, south porch, and west tower without stairs. Immediately above the tower arch, within the tower, but now concealed by a floor below it (which floor was' erected within memory, for the purpose of forming a schoolroom) is a rude representation of our Saviour holding a cross with a lamb at his feet, to which the quotation from Horsfield's Sussex at page 245 must apply. The building contains (at least) Norm., E.E., and Dec. work. High up in exterior of north wall of tower is a round arch, as if standing in the clouds, of very similar character, as to general contour, mouldings not being distinguishable, with other examples deemed to be of Saxon construction. Vestiges of a similar ornament are clearly traceable in a corresponding position in the southern side, and the arch of a window at the same height in the west wall is formed with thin, unhewn stones. The tower arch also, and the south doorway deserve notice, particularly the former. From consideration of these peculiarities I am disposed to add Jevington Church to the list of possible specimens of Anglo-Saxon architecture.
184. Northiam.—Though the name Lordstreet (see p. 262) cannot be positively identified at this day in the neighbourhood of Northiam, it has been ascertained, that a farm between Staple Cross and Northiam is now called Lordine, formerly Lording, whence the portion of the public road in the vicinity was known as Lording Street, no very distant approach to the Domesday Book appellation.
194. Pevensey.—On the northern side of the castle, at the western extremity of the large breach in the wall, recently discovered appearances seem to indicate a postern gate in the original Roman work, the crown of the arch being constructed with red mortar. The size of the gate has not been ascertained, and perhaps cannot be, since one side belonged to the prostrated portion of the wall.
198. Playden.—Chancel, central tower with tapering shingled spire, nave, north and south aisles, and south porch. Building apparently E.E., but a round-headed door and an adjacent window in north wall may imply an original Norm. date. Chancel has been rebuilt. Porch of timber, ancient with alterations. Under tower some rather elaborately carved screen-work. Frame of a circular window visible in north wall of nave above roof of aisle. South aisle covered by an extension of nave roof. Windows generally insertions, some being wooden casements. Church on the whole very good, but has been sadly treated, and the side walls have been with difficulty prevented from falling outwards.
212. Rottingdean.—In this village has recently been discovered an antiquity of not very common occurrence. It is a plate of copper, nine inches long by four inches and a half wide, having on the face an engraving of the crucifixion with a figure on each side, and two angels above, beside various other ornaments. The sunken parts of the copper have evidently been filled with enamel, of which small portions of different colours still remain. The projecting parts have been injured from the care of former possessors to scour the metal bright. The work is that of Limoges, the date late in the twelfth or early in the thirteenth century, and the plate has been attached to either a bookcover or a reliquary. Two other examples, both in excellent preservation, are known to exist in this country, one, in every respect nearly identical with the above, in a private collection, the other in the Museum at York. The specimen now described was purchased at the sale of the effects of a cottager lately deceased, whose surviving brother, aged above 70 years, well remembers it in the custody of his mother, who stated, that it was dug up in Rottingdean churchyard, at what period cannot now be ascertained, though most probably within the last hundred years.
217. Rye.—This church well deserves attention. It has chancel, with another on each side of equal length, central tower, with transepts, or more properly aisles, nave, north and south aisles, and south porch, the latter now converted into a vestry, There are portions in every style, commencing with Norm., and including remains of good Dec. screens. The history of the building being known, as alluded to above, p. 281, it seems easy to perceive, that the vestiges of earliest construction suffered injury from violence; while farther mischief has been perpetrated by injudicious improvement (?) and reparation. The lateral chancels are separated from the church, and used, one as a schoolroom, the other as the fire-engine house, the remainder being, certainly, quite as large as can be desirable for the service of the English Liturgy. The roofs and arches are very lofty, and the whole must have been on a grand scale in all states, but undoubtedly in the E.E., the remnant of which part appears to have supplied the proportions adopted in the rebuilding. There are pinnacles at the angles, which, though probably not actually E.E., may have been restored imitations of the originals.—The effects visible in the older portions of Eye church, which we have authority for believing were damaged by fire, so precisely resemble those to be observed in the church of Rottingdean, namely, the red tint imparted to very many of the Caen stones, and the ragged surfaces of many others, that they strongly confirm the supposition, which has been expressed in the Note on Rottingdean, that the latter church was injured by fire at some early period, and very probably when a hostile party of French landed there A.D. 1377.
238. Steyning.—The description of this church in p. 292 is incorrect and incomplete. The chancel is comparatively modern ; the extreme western arch on either side of nave is less ornamented than the others, the western piers being partially, though slightly, engaged in the end wall, and the side walls above the arches having an unfinished appearance. Between chancel and nave is only one arch, which seems however to have been intended for a central tower. The lower parts of the clerestory windows were built up, when the present aisle roofs were substituted for the old ones, the lead whereof was sold for some other parochial object. The eastern arch of the south aisle only contains carving different from that in the nave. Font, which has been renovated, a quadrangular block of Sussex marble, early (?) Norm. Porch and tower Perp., the latter very late. The existence of foundations beneath the turf for more than half the distance between the east end of the present building and the boundary of the churchyard implies, either that the chancel once extended so far, or that preparations had actually been made for such an erection.
262. Waldron.—Chancel retains one Tr. Norm, window. The south wall is of rubble masonry. A very little coloured glass remains here.
265. Warbleton.—Chancel, nave, north aisle, new south porch, and west tower. Chancel E.E., with piscina and sedile, also a rounded tomb arch in the outside of the south wall. East window, of rather peculiar pattern, Perp. Some Dec., or Tr. Dec. work, and more Perp. A later chapel has been added to the east end of the aisle. The windows retain a few fragments of coloured glass, chiefly, or entirely, yellow. Font circular. Brass, Will. Prestwyk, mutilated.—Priory. At a meeting of the Sussex Archaeological Society, held 23d Oct. 1851, it was stated, that, only a few days previously, some Norm, and E.E. capitals had been discovered among the remains of this priory, affording reasonable ground for the inference, that some (probably) religious establishment existed on the spot, anterior to the contemplated removal hither of Bricet's foundation from Hastings. The capitals above mentioned were described as being very small.
271. Westham.—Chancel, nave, south transept, north aisle and porch, west tower. Eastward of the aisle are indications of a destroyed chapel, and a round arch is still visible externally in the east wall of the aisle.—In a remote part of this parish stands Green Lees or Glenlee, a former residence of the Fagg family, now a farm-house. A portion has been pulled down, but the remainder, including the entire front, is a large edifice of brick with stone dressings, dating, perhaps early, in the sixteenth century. Priest Hawes, at no great distance from the above, has been a considerable establishment, but the little now standing appears of about the same period as Green Lees, with some fragments of older work.
274. Wilesham.—The existing house and farm buildings of Filsham, conjectured p. 303 to be identical with Wilesham, exhibit externally no vestiges of antiquity. The manor of Filsham claiming at this day to extend over or into many parishes, some at a considerable distance, eastward and north-eastward, we may reasonably infer, that Wilesham must in early times have been an important property. But the circumstance, that the residence and the actual lands of Filsham are situated within the parish of St. Leonard, seems to restrict the search for the site of the Domesday Church of Wilesham to the small district comprised within the above-named ancient parish, where, we are fully assured, a church did formerly exist.
275. Willingdon.—Chancel, nave, north aisle, south porch, and tower, with no external entrance and without stairs, at west end of aisle. Tower arch Norm., but tower seems to have been partially or entirely rebuilt. South door, and perhaps south wall also, E.E. The tooth ornament appears once at the top of a hollow moulding on each side of this door, but is not repeated. Windows principally Perp. Nave remarkably spacious. Evidently the aisle was formerly more considerable than at present, and might originally have been the nave, but the pristine arrangement is now uncertain. Church contains a large, but much dilapidated, oak chest.—Remains of the gatehouse and the doorway of the old mansion of Ratton are preserved, being of different dates, the doorway, which is the earliest, being perhaps Perp. Some vestiges of the ancient residence of Langley, or Langney, exist in the present building; but the circumstance that those vestiges form part of a dwelling renders difficult an accurate examination of the original plan. A portion is visible, which may have been the chapel, still exhibiting more or less perfectly a twolight window at the end, and a single light one on each side, which seem to be Dec. That the position of this portion is more nearly north and south, than east and west, is not conclusive against its supposed destination, see the description of Sore Place, under Plaxtool in Kent.
276. Wilmington.—Chancel, nave with a small chapel projecting on the northern side, and a larger addition on the southern, modern north porch, and shingled bell-cot over the west end. The southern adjunct was an aisle two bays long, reaching to the buildings of the priory, but has been reduced in dimensions. Chancel Norm., with alterations, the chancel arch being destroyed, and perhaps work of all subsequent styles may be observed.—On the site of the priory the only ostensible relics are the entrance of a mansion erected on the spot after the secularization of the religious establishment, some few old stones visible in more recent masonry, and some pieces of ancient wall forming part of the present residence. For a full account of all the buildings and remains at Wilmington see (Suss. Arch. Coll. IV, 37.)
277. Winchelsea.—The surviving portion of this church comprehends only the chancel, with north and south aisles, not equalling the former in length. A substitute for a bell-tower has been formed at west end of north aisle. In high chancel are, piscina with a stone shelf, of which the front is carved; also three sedilia on same level separated by Sussex marble shafts: all cinqfoil headed, and diapered at the back. In south chancel a perfect piscina, and three sedilia like the others, but that the cinqfoil heads differ, and the backs are plain; canopies mutilated. In east wall a quadrangular niche. One of the tombs in this aisle is diapered like piscina and sedilia in main chancel, beside other enrichments. On outside below great east window a short buttress has a niche for an image at the top. Nave (i.e. chancel) and both aisles on a grand scale, very lofty and highly ornamented; style, transition from E.E. to Dec., thus agreeing well with the date, assigned for the erection of the building. Of the original nave no trace is visible, but considerable vestiges of the transepts, with entrances and porches, yet exist, including indications of a central tower. A trefoil-headed piscina, in good preservation, remains in the eastern angle of the ruins of the south transept. The church contains five stone Effigies and a Brass of an ecclesiastic. The former memorials are described by Mr. Cooper as "fine monuments : three are canopied tombs of crosslegged secular warriors: one of a young man, who had not been knighted, usually, though erroneously, called a priest: and the fifth of a lady in the dress of Edward III's time, often mistaken for a nun." (History of Winchelsea, by William Durrant Cooper, F.S.A., 8vo, Lond. 1850, p. 132.)—The ruins at the residence called The Friars appear to have been the chapel of the monastery, but the west end terminates in a very fine, lofty arch, in good condition, and it is evident, that this compartment of the establishment, whatever might be its use, did not extend beyond the arch. The mullions and tracery of all the windows have been removed. The east end is semi-hexagonal, like that of the church of Bayham Abbey, which is greatly larger. There are traces of arches, two at least, as if for sedilia. Doors in the side walls of the jambs of the western arch prove the floor to have been considerably below the sills of the windows, wherefore perhaps the altar (if this was the chapel) stood on a raised platform. The style of this work closely resembles that of the church. In wall of courthouse are two small niches, with holes in the stones for gratings to protect the images; and a moulded doorframe.—The two gateways of the town yet standing are small, that toward Eye the largest.—In the Note on Winchelsea, pp. 304, 305, a quotation from the records of Eye gives a name as Climesden, but inaccurately, it appears. "Clivesden (i.e. Cliffend)"—Note:—"This has always been printed Climesden; for the correct reading we are indebted to Mr. John Phillips of Hastings. The family of Clivesend were benefactors to Battle Abbey of lands at Brooke, and of 3 a. of land at Guestling, lying near the wood of Cumfunte." (Hist, of Winchelsea, p. 20.) The spot thus called is stated to be on the southern side of the town. The family name Clivesend certainly justifies the interpretation above given of the term Clivesden; otherwise perhaps it might be a question, whether it does not properly signify "the valley of the cliff."—Detailed particulars of the ancient, but decayed, town of Winchelsea will be obtained in the above mentioned History by Mr. W. D. Cooper.
278. Wiston.—Chancel, nave, south aisle with a private chapel at the east end, and west tower. Some E.E., some Dec., and some late Perp. work. The private chapel seems to have been originally E.E., but to have been enlarged, or nearly rebuilt, in the debased Perp. period, when the aisle also was enlarged. Church contains some old oak benches.