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Anarchism is a political philosophy which considers the state undesirable, unnecessary, and harmful, and instead promotes a stateless society, or anarchy. Anarchists seek to diminish or even abolish authority in the conduct of human relations, but widely disagree on what additional criteria are essential to anarchism. According to The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, "there is no single defining position that all anarchists hold, and those considered anarchists at best share a certain family resemblance."

Computer generated image of a black flag waving in the wind.
Anarchism: The color black is historically tied to anarchism. The flag of the Makhnovists in the Free Territory of the Ukraine, 1921, was black; the flag of the Spanish CNT-FAI was black and red; and modern anarchist protesters who engage in direct action are called Black Blocs. "At first we wore white, to prove our innocence, but that generation of Anarchists was slaughtered. So, now we wear black, to mourn for those who came before us." ~ Korean Anarchist proverb, most likely inspired by La Marseillaise.


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  • Subclass HX on Project Gutenberg (nb: This includes the subjects Communism and Socialism in addition to Anarchism)