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- James the Greater
- James the Less, sometimes identified with James the Just
- Judas Iscariot, later replaced by Matthias
- Judas Thaddeus
- Simon Peter
- Simon the Zealot
Works by the Apostles
- The Apostolic Constitutions (4th century) purports to have been written by the Twelve Apostles.
- A Christian tradition holds that the Apostles' Creed (5th-7th century) was written jointly by the Twelve Apostles, with each apostle contributing one of the creed's twelve articles.
Works about the Apostles
- Gospel of Matthew, attributed to Matthew the Evangelist (1st century).
- Gospel of Mark, attributed to Mark the Evangelist (1st century).
- Gospel of Luke, attributed to Luke the Evangelist (1st century).
- Gospel of John, attributed to John the Evangelist (1st century).
- Acts of the Apostles, attributed to Luke the Evangelist (1st century).
Other ancient texts
- “Apostle,” in Easton's Bible Dictionary (1897)
- “Apostle”, in The Encyclopedia Americana, New York, 1920
- “Apostle,” in The New International Encyclopædia, New York: Dodd, Mead and Co. (1905)
- “Apostles,” in Catholic Encyclopedia, (ed.) by Charles G. Herbermann and others, New York: The Encyclopaedia Press (1913)
- “Apostle,” in Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed., 1911)
- “Apostles,” in The New Student's Reference Work, Chicago: F.E. Compton and Co. (1914)