Author:Ludwig van Beethoven
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|Ludwig van Beethoven on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.German composer and pianist. He was a crucial figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western classical music, and remains one of the most acclaimed and influential of all composers.— Excerpted from|
About Beethoven and his works
- “Ludwig Van Beethoven,” in Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913.
- "Beethoven, Louis Van," Complete Encyclopaedia of Music, 1880.
- “Beethoven, Ludwig van” in Encyclopædia Britannica, (11th ed.), 1911
- Ludwig van Beethoven, University Musical Encyclopedia
- Beethoven's Ninth Symphony by George Grove (transcription project)
- Ode to Joy (in 1785)