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Mathematics is the study of quantity, structure, space, and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns, formulate new conjectures, and establish truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions.Mathematics on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
— Excerpted fromGeneral[edit]
 An Essay on Quantity, 1748, by Thomas Reid
 Budget of Paradoxes
 Methodus inveniendi
 The Origin and Curiosities of the Arabic Numerals as it appeared in the April 1877 Popular Science Monthly
 Curious Systems of Notation as it appeared in the August 1878 Popular Science Monthly
 Algebras, Spaces, Logics as it appeared in the August 1880 Popular Science Monthly
 Origin and History of Life Insurance I as it appeared in the August 1881 Popular Science Monthly
 Modern Basis of Life Insurance II as it appeared in the September 1881 Popular Science Monthly
 The Practical Business of Life Insurance III as it appeared in the October 1881 Popular Science Monthly
 The Illusion of Chance as it appeared in the December 1883 Popular Science Monthly
 The Mystic Properties of Numbers as it appeared in the August 1884 Popular Science Monthly
 Early Hindoo Mathematics as it appeared in the July 1873 Popular Science Monthly
 Science and the Logicians as it appeared in the June 1876 Popular Science Monthly
 Quantum noise at the nonlinear mapping of phase space (Kouznetsov) as it appeared in Optics and Spectroscopy, 82, 990995 (1997)
 Indian Mathematics (1915) by George Rusby Kaye (transcription project)
 A History of Mathematics (1893) by Florian Cajori (transcription project)
 A History of Mathematical Notations, Volume I (1928) by Florian Cajori (transcription project)
 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica articles on Mathematics (11th edition, 1911)
Algebra[edit]
Calculus[edit]
 Elements of the Differential and Integral Calculus, 1911 by William Anthony Granville (transcription project)
 Investigation of the letter of Leibniz
 The Analyst: a Discourse addressed to an Infidel Mathematician, 1734, (transcription project) by George Berkeley, an early criticism of the calculus, particularly Newton's terminology of 'fluxions'.
Computer science[edit]
 Portal:Apache Software Foundation
 The Alphabet Cipher, 1868 by Lewis Carroll
 On Mr. Babbage's new machine for calculating and printing mathematical and astronomical tables, 1823 by Francis Baily in Astronomische Nachrichten, No. 46, pages 409422
 Explanation and History of Venona Project Information, 1956, declassified U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation memorandum
 A Few Words on Secret Writing, 1841 by Edgar Allan Poe
 Lambda Papers, 19751979, by Steele and Sussman, a series of MIT AI Memos, developing the Scheme programming language and a number of influential concepts in programming language design and implementation
 The Paging Game, 1974 by Jeff Berryman, University of British Columbia
 Resource Management in Virtualized Clouds (2016)
 The Scrum Guide
Geometry[edit]
 "Transcendental Geometry" in Popular Science Monthly, 21 (August 1882)
 "The Fourth Dimension" in Popular Science Monthly, 83 (October 1913)
 "The Foundations of Geometry" in Popular Science Monthly, 68 (January 1906)
 "Inventional Geometry" in Popular Science Monthly, 34 (January 1889)
 "Is Euclid's Geometry Merely a Theory?" in Popular Science Monthly, 78 (June 1911)
 "My Class in Geometry" in Popular Science Monthly, 38 (November 1890)
 "A Study of the Development of Geometric Methods" in Popular Science Monthly, 66 (March 1905)
 "The Value of NonEuclidean Geometry" in Popular Science Monthly, 67 (November 1905)
 "Geometry: Ancient and Modern" in Popular Science Monthly, 58 (January 1901)
 The Elements of Euclid
 Early editions of Euclid's Elements
 Squaring the circle
 Geometric Dissections and Transpositions
 Diameter as it appeared in the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
Trigonometry[edit]
"The Construction of the Wonderful Canon of Logarithms" by John Napier, translated by William Rae Macdonald (1889)
Probability theory[edit]
 A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities (original 1840; translation 1902) by PierreSimon Laplace
 The Logic of Chance (1888) by John Venn (transcription project)
 A Treatise on Probability (1921) by John Maynard Keynes (transcription project)
Mathematicians[edit]
Reference[edit]
 "Arithmetic," in Domestic Encyclopædia, by A. F. M. Willich, London: (1802)
 "Arithmetic," in The American Cyclopædia (1879)
 "Mathematics," in The American Cyclopædia (1879)
 "Arithmetic," in The New International Encyclopædia, New York: Dodd, Mead and Co. (1905)
 "Mathematics," in The New International Encyclopædia, New York: Dodd, Mead and Co. (1905)
 "Arithmetic," by William Fleetwood Sheppard in Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed., 1911)
 "Mathematics," by Alfred North Whitehead in Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed., 1911)
 "Algebra," in The New Student's Reference Work, Chicago: F.E. Compton and Co. (1914)
 "Arago, Francois Jean Dominique," in The New Student's Reference Work, Chicago: F.E. Compton and Co. (1914)
 "Arithmetic," by Frank Morton McMurry in The New Student's Reference Work, Chicago: F.E. Compton and Co. (1914)
 "Algebra," in Collier's New Encyclopedia, New York: P. F. Collier & Son Co. (1921)
 "Arithmetic," in Collier's New Encyclopedia, New York: P. F. Collier & Son Co. (1921)
 "Mathematics," in Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed., 1922)
External links[edit]
 Subclass QA on Project Gutenberg
 Call number QA on the Online Books Page
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