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Tolkāppiyam (4th century BCE)
by Tolkappiyar, translated from Tamil by [[Author:Sengai Podhuvan|Sengai Podhuvan]] and Wikisource

The Tolkāppiyam is a work on the grammar of the Tamil language and the earliest extant work of Tamil literature.

Tolkappiyar1563263Tolkāppiyam4th century BCESengai Podhuvan



  1. Phoneme, traditional classifications
  2. Phoneme, traditional positions
  3. Phoneme, articulation
  4. Morphophonemic coalescence
  5. Coalescences, Elisions and addition
  6. Coalescence of case-morphemes
  7. Vowel coalescence
  8. Consonant coalescence
  9. Shorted-u coalescence


  1. Sequence of sentence
  2. Case systems
  3. Interchange of case morphemes
  4. Vocative case
  5. Nouns
  6. Verbs
  7. Structural morphemes
  8. Literary participles
  9. Residual components

Subject matter of life and literature style[edit]

  1. Love affairs (Agam composition)
  2. Public life (Pur’am composition)
  3. Clandestine love
  4. Wedded love
  5. Residual aspect
  6. Manifest emotions
  7. Modes of comparison
  8. Prosody
  9. Traditions

 This work is a translation and has a separate copyright status to the applicable copyright protections of the original content.


This work was published before January 1, 1929, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.

Public domainPublic domainfalsefalse


This work is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license, which allows free use, distribution, and creation of derivatives, so long as the license is unchanged and clearly noted, and the original author is attributed.

Public domainPublic domainfalsefalse