The Constitution of the Czechoslovak Republic
(1920) established Czechoslovakia
as a republic and democracy in the aftermath of World War I. The constitution was adopted by the National Assembly on 29 February 1920. The new constitution replaced the provisional one adopted on 13 November 1918 that had been adopted following Czechoslovakia's declaration of independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The constitution was modelled upon existing constitutions of Western democracies, with a bicameral parliament as well as an executive branch led by a president and cabinet.
The National Assembly of the Czechoslovak Republic—a body which was the product of the Revolution—determined, by an enactment dated 29th February 1920, on the definitive Constitution of the land. Conditions resulting from the War prevented this Constitution being elaborated with the parliamentary co-operation of non-Czech citizens of the Republic (i. e. Germans and Magyars), particularly as the frontiers of our state had not at all points as yet been finally determined upon. The National Assembly, with due regard to this fact, endeavoured to elaborate a Constitution which should be both just and impartial, so that our state might in all honour defend it against criticism however severe—a criticism taking just account of all attendant circumstances.
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