User:廣九直通車

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Welcome to my user page, which is my second home Wiki apart from Wikimedia Commons. For personal information, please refer to my Commons user page for foreigners.

Tasks[edit]

In general, law. While I may engage in opportunistic edits at here, law-related edits are my mainstay.

The following are some of the works dealt by me:

A Tale of Two Cities[edit]

A list of Singaporean and Hong Kong laws as gazetted/reproduced immediately by revised editions, with my comments/complaints:

Singapore[edit]

Note: With effect from 2021-12-31, all chapter numbers are abolished for the 2020 revised editions. The former chapter numbers are only for reference.

  • Administration of Justice (Protection) Act 2016 (19 of 2016)
    • The result of codifying Singapore's contempt of court law. Still continues the country's strict (draconian?) law on contempt of court.
  • Carbon Pricing Act 2018 (23 of 2018)
    • Nevertheless another piece of national-development oriented enactment with respect to environment protection.
  • Children Development Co-Savings Act 2001 (13 of 2001/Cap. 38A)
    • An Act aiming to boost the fertility rate of Singaporeans by the Singaporean government. After all, Singapore is facing low birth rate since it becomes a developed nation.
  • Choice of Court Agreements Act 2016 (14 of 2016/Cap. 39A)
    • Giving effect to the Hague Choice of Court Convention. In 2014, a Civic Party LC member asked about whether HK will follow up something in response to the the Choice of Court Convention and the SICC. Years later, nothing has been done in HK after the SICC was established in 2015 and the Convention entered into force in 2016...
  • Copyright Act 1987 (2 of 1987/Cap. 63)
    • The Singaporean copyright law. About 2 months after I've finished this enactment here, a new Copyright Bill was gazetted, and would probably replace this enactment in short time "facepalm".
      • Repealed wef. 21 November 2021
    • See Copyright Act 2021 (22 of 2021) (transcription project)
  • Foreign Interference (Countermeasures) Act 2021 (28 of 2021)
    • A comprehensive legislation providing holistic counter foreign interference measures, also repealing the former Political Donations Act 2000. To those human rights organizations is basically a big POFMA.
  • Cybersecurity Act 2018 (26 of 2018)
    • To be honest, instead of using the guise of "cybersecurity" to do with all the dirty repression, this piece of enactment is a genuine cybersecurity-oriented law by focusing on Internet infrastructure safety and the development of cybersecurity.
  • Human Organ Transplant Act 1987 (15 of 1987/Cap. 131A)
    • Establishes the opt-out mechanism for organ transplant, i.e. your organs will be used for transplant once you're dead if you didn't object it before. Whether it's effective remains doubted.
  • Liquor Control (Supply and Consumption) Act 2015 (5 of 2015)
    • Replaced the original liquor control policy under the Customs Act (44 of 1960/Cap. 70) after the Little India Riots
  • Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act 1990 (26 of 1990/Cap. 167A)
    • A strategic legal weapon to stabilize the society for a multi-cultural nation like Singapore. Amendment assented in 2019 but not yet commenced, which aims at foreign interference through religious activities and added penal provisions to the Act.
  • Moneylenders Act 2008 (22 of 2008/Cap. 188)
    • Revised the old Moneylenders Act to better regulate the lawful moneylending industry in Singapore. Also continued using caning to punish those committing debtor harassment.
  • Passports Act 2007 (33 of 2007/Cap. 220)
    • An Act to revise the legal regime of one of the most convenient passports in the world. Previously Singaporean Passports are regulated under regulations under the old Passports Act.
  • Political Donations Act 2000 (20 of 2000/Cap. 236)
  • Protection from Harassment Act 2014 (17 of 2014/Cap. 256A)
    • Mostly deals with offences of personal harassment, also suggested as one of the basis of anti-doxxing laws in Hong Kong by pro-establishment camp.
  • Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act 2019 (18 of 2019)
    • The famous/notorious Singaporean Fake News Law, one can expect how much scrutiny it will face from human rights organizations. Too bad that Singapore is an ally of the Western world, so nothing else happens apart from mere condemnation.
  • Public Order Act 2009 (15 of 2009/Cap. 257A)
    • You know, the law which makes one-man smiley-face protests without permit illegal. smiley
  • Public Order and Safety (Special Powers) Act 2018 (26 of 2018)
    • Empowers extra power to the police and military in case of contingency, but inclusion of large-scale peaceful demonstrations as "serious incident" in section 3 of the Act caused another wave of controversies.
  • Remote Gambling Act 2014 (34 of 2014)
  • Sale of Food (Prohibition of Chewing Gum) Regulations 2003 (S 182/2003/Cap. 283, Rg. 2)
    • One of the SLs to implement the chewing gum ban in Singapore, apart from the Regulation of Imports and Exports (Chewing Gum) Regulations (Cap. 272A, Rg. 4)

Hong Kong[edit]

  • Broadcasting Ordinance (48 of 2000/Cap. 562)
    • Updates the law on television, will later be indirectly involved in the HKTV licensing controversy.
  • Chief Executive Election Ordinance (21 of 2001/Cap. 569)
    • Implements Annex 1 and 2 of the Hong Kong Basic Law. Continues to be a bone of contention since its enactment, and directly/indirectly related to the 2014 and 2019 protests.
  • Competition Ordinance (14 of 2012/Cap. 619)
    • After all, capitalist economies takes different forms, and maintaining healthy competition is essential to cheap yet high-quality goods and services in the market.
  • Deposit Protection Scheme Ordinance (7 of 2004/Cap. 581)
    • Safeguarding your money deposited in banks (aka don't get screwed like Henan), and also a foundation to a mature banking industry.
  • Interception of Communications and Surveillance Ordinance (20 of 2006/Cap. 589)
    • Replaces the Interception of Communications Ordinance (Cap. 532) that never commenced (also the last principal ordinance enacted in British HK), and somehow solved the troubles since the questionable Law Enforcement (Covert Surveillance Procedures) Order was declared unconstitutional... Nevertheless, the lack of penal provisions on illegal surveillance when compared to the old Interception of Communications Ordinance attracted criticism.
    • Tbh while the question of "what executive orders do" in Macau are clearly defined (eg. updating civil servant quota for government agencies, publishing new logos for new government agencies, or announcing the absence of the Chief Executive and appointment of Acting Chief Executive per Law 2/1999 (Basic Law on Government Organization)), basically executive orders and its accompanying Legal Supplement No. 5 are only meant for the Public Service (Administration) Order (and it's amendments).
      • And BTW, I must say the Chinese version of the Interception of Communications Ordinance is one of the shittiest bilingual enactments of Hong Kong law. I'm wondering if James To actually did a machine translation from the English text when he drafted the Chinese version of that Ordinance.
  • Hong Kong National Security Law (Translation on G.N. (E.) 72 of 2020) (Original text is L.N. 136 of 2020 as Promulgation of National Law 2020)
  • and its Implementation Rules (L.N. 139 of 2020)
  • Hong Kong Reunification Ordinance (110 of 1997)
    • The first post-handover legislation passed by the PLC, which makes several amendments to existing legislation, approved pre-drafted and passed laws when the PLC is still operating in Shenzhen, and provide for transitional measures. Also compare with Law 1/1999 (Reunification Law) in Macau.
  • Karaoke Establishments Ordinance (22 of 2002/Cap. 573)
    • Regulates karaoke venues due to fire safety and vice issues.
    • BTW the Chinese short title is called 《卡拉OK場所條例》. While it seems that it's unusual to incorporate English into the Chinese short title, it's perfectly legitimate due to section 4(4) of the Official Languages Ordinance (Cap. 5).
      • At least it's better than legal gibberish like "非高等教育私立補充教學輔助中心", as quoted from a Macau bill.
  • Land Titles Ordinance (26 of 2004/Cap. 585)
    • One of the biggest potholes in Hong Kong legal history (along with other examples like the Dangerous Goods (Amendment) Ordinance 2002). Originally the administration expected that the Ordinance would commence in 2 years, now in 2021 the DOJ claims that they're going to submit an pre-commencement amendment ordinance to the LC...
  • Legislation Publication Ordinance (13 of 2011/Cap. 641)
    • The ordinance which makes consolidated enactments published on HKeL legally valid when printed as verified copies, in line with Australian and New Zealand practice where Acts published on the official websites are genuine consolidated enactments. (After all, they don't use gazettes to publish Acts...)
    • And, despite all that dipsh***ery in Hong Kong law and politics plus initial bugs and troubles of the HKeL, IMO it's still one of the world's best legal database. Just think about how many "regular maintenance" on Singapore Statutes Online (plus they're not official versions despite they made online revised editions possible—see s. 11A of the Revised Edition of the Laws Act 1983), or how many un-updated enactments in UK or NZ legislation database... Aussie federal and state legislation databases looks good, but a lack of amendment annotations is painful.
  • Mainland Judgments (Reciprocal Enforcement) Ordinance (9 of 2008/Cap. 597)
  • Mainland Judgments in Matrimonial and Family Cases (Reciprocal Recognition and Enforcement) Ordinance (11 of 2021/Cap. 639)
    • Enacted to implement reciprocal enforcement agreements between Mainland China and Hong Kong, which cover civil, commercial and matrimonial suits.
  • Minimum Wage Ordinance (15 of 2010/Cap. 608)
    • Confirms the minimum wage in Hong Kong after years of bickering between business and labour organizations. Now they're starting another wave on standard working hours, let's hope that I'll be entitled to this once I leave university...
  • Prevention and Control of Disease Ordinance (14 of 2008/Cap. 599)
    • Enacted to replace the former Quarantine and Prevention of Disease Ordinance (Cap. 141) that dates back to 1936. Section 8 of the Ordinance empowered the CEiC to enact emergency regulations in public health emergencies, which proves to be useful in helping the inept government to deal with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
  • United Nations (Anti-Terrorism Measures) Ordinance (27 of 2002/Cap. 575)
    • Enacted after the aftermath of 9/11. Later amended in 2004, 2012 and 2018.
    • While the Ordinance is originally enacted to deal with international terrorists, the first case under the Ordinance was during the 2019 troubles where 10 protesters were charged for attempt under s. 11B (read with s. 14(7A)) after explosives, firearms and other weapons were found from their premises.

Project MARISA[edit]

Basically I'll just go to the Hong Kong Central Library and scan gazette copies (preferably within public domain) for the use on English Wikisource. The name? Well, please ask that black white magician who frequented the SDM, cheers!

  • Official Languages Ordinance 1974 (10 of 1974/Cap. 5)
    • Declared that both Chinese and English are official languages in Hong Kong, though it would take another decade for the British Hong Kong government to enable bilingual legislation, and some extra 5 years to enable full Chinese usage in all courts.
  • Copyright Ordinance 1973 (5 of 1973/Cap. 39)
  • Crimes Ordinance 1971 (60 of 1971/Cap. 200)
    • Originally enacted to consolidate criminal legislation relating to treason, treasonable offences and piracy, the Crimes Ordinance was later expanded to consolidate a range of offences from sedition to sexual offences and preliminary offences.
    • Such drafting pace is somehow similar to the Australian Federal Criminal Code, which originally contains general provisions of criminal law and later expanded to be the main federal criminal statute.
  • Independent Commission Against Corruption Ordinance 1974 (7 of 1974/Cap. 204)
    • Established the ICAC after the RHKP's Anti-Corruption Branch miserably let Godber fled Hong Kong when he was investigated for corruption charges. Since then the ICAC excelled in eradicating corruption, and had been modelled in other jurisdictions, most notably Macau and NSW.
      • P.S.: The ordinance was rushed in the then-LC, with the bill being gazetted in January 1974 and passed in mid-February 1974.
      • P.S. 2: The establishment of the ICAC was recommended after a royal commission, and the chairman who presided the commission is "百里渠". Seriously, Mr. "Hundred Miles of Sewer"?
  • Marriage Reform Ordinance 1970 (68 of 1970/Cap. 178)
    • Ended lawful polygamy allowed by the Great Qing Legal Code among Chinese Hong Kong residents that were preserved as customary family law. Nevertheless, concubine-related estate litigations are still a headache in Hong Kong family law.
  • Prevention of Bribery Ordinance 1970 (102 of 1970/Cap. 201)
    • One of the game changers that ended endemic corruption in Hong Kong. Apparently the colonists knew that they would be kicked into the Victoria Harbour if they opted to lie flat. The ACB's failure prompted the establishment of the ICAC: see previous comments.
    • Among all offences, the fresh offence of "possession of unexplained property" makes prosecuting corrupt officials easier. After surviving a Hong Kong Bill of Rights Ordinance (Cap. 383) challenge (A-G v Hui Kin Hong [1995] 1 HKCLR 227), it has became a statutory requirement for members of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption under the Convention's Article 20.

Amendments matters...[edit]

  • Crimes (Amendment) Ordinance 2021 (35 of 2021, HK)
    • Inserted a new part in the Crimes Ordinance (Cap. 200) to criminalize voyeurism specifically, after a HKCFA judgment ruled that access to computer with criminal or dishonest intent is inapplicable to voyeurism: See Secretary for Justice v Cheng Ka Yee & Others [2019] HKCFA 9, (2019) 22 HKCFAR 97.
    • Take note that the offence itself is modelled after section 162 of the Canadian Criminal Code (RSC 1985, c C-46).
  • Dangerous Goods (Amendment) Ordinance 2002 (4 of 2002, HK)
    • Enacted on 21 March 2002, Commences on 31 March 2022... While they said complimentary SLs are required to bring this Ordinance into force, they used 10 years to enact 2 of them (Cap. 295E and 295F), another 9 years to deal with another (Cap. 295G), and finally approximately 3 months to round up all consequential amendments (29 of 2021) throughout all HK enactments...
    • What an exemplary example of bureaucracy...
  • Declaration of Change of Titles (General Adaptation) Notice 1997 (L.N. 362 of 1997, HK)
    • Made universal changes across Hong Kong legislation and contracts in preparation of the handover of Hong Kong. As a result, the marginal notice of L.N. 362 of 1997 appears frequently on Hong Kong enactments.
  • Immigration (Amendment) Ordinance 2009 (13 of 2009, HK)
    • Added section 38AA into the Immigration Ordinance (Cap. 115) to directly criminalize illegal working. Since then 38AA has become an important legal weapon to prosecute illegal workers.
  • Misuse of Drugs (Amendment) Act 2012 (30 of 2012, SG)
  • Penal Code (Amendment) Act 2012 (32 of 2012, SG)
    • Two piece of law giving the SGHC discretion not to condemn convicted murderers and drug traffickers to death under certain circumstances.
    • Compare the Malaysian Dangerous Drugs (Amendment) Act 2017 [Act A1558], which is even more lenient than the Singaporean amendment in terms of conditions of not sentencing the mandatory death penalty.
  • Statute Law Reform Act 2021 (4 of 2021, SG)
    • Changed the citation method and abolished the original chapter system of Singaporean laws (i.e. no more "Chapter XXX of the XXXX Edition", comparable to the pre-1990 old citation method in Hong Kong), and abolishes the Singaporean-equivalent Emergency Regulations Ordinance.
    • Though the Singaporean president still holds the power to issue emergency ordinances once an emergency is proclaimed per Article 150 of the Singaporean Constitution.

English Criminal Statutes Series[edit]

I'd like to express my gratitude to Inductiveload, who assisted me with dealing with the tables in the following enactments.

  • Offences against the Person Act 1861 (24 & 25 Vict. c. 100) (Not did by me)
  • Explosive Substances Act, 1883 (46 Vict. c. 3)
    • Obviously, the Act is enacted to suppress illicit use of explosives, which given by its lengthy lifespan, had been used to deal with offenders from Irish activists to Islamist terrorists.
    • Refer to Part VII of the Crimes Ordinance (Cap. 200) for same provisions in Hong Kong.
    • But honestly, I'm also curious about how well this Act would work with the International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings. In Hong Kong, we have section 11B (read with section 14(7A)) of the United Nations (Anti-Terrorism Measures) Ordinance that deal with bombings under that convention. So perhaps the UK Parliament thinks that the Act itself can fulfill the convention requirement?
  • Perjury Act, 1911 (1 & 2 Geo. 5 c. 6)
    • Reformed the law relating to perjury. Previously, perjury seems to be governed by some statute law written in archaic English during the 16th century...
    • Refer to Part V of the Crimes Ordinance for same provisions in Hong Kong.
      • And while obviously the MPs won't care about it, it's quite sure that using modern English to rewrite some archaic but still useful British legislation (like the Treason Act 1351 (25 Edw 3 St 5 c 2) or the Statute of Malborough in relation to waste and distress, note that both aren't even written in English) is helpful to us end-users. Something finely engineered like the Singaporean Application of English Law Act 1993 is the best.
  • Public Order Act, 1936 (1 Edw. 8 & 1 Geo. 6 c. 6)
    • Enacted in response to the growing influence of Nazism associates like the British Union of Fascists, which wore distinctive uniforms and attacked dissents in demonstrations.
    • Also see section 14 of the Terrorism Act 2000 (c. 11), which penalizes the wearing of terrorist uniform and public support to terrorist organizations.
      • Part of the Act was later incorporated in sections 3 to 5 the Public Order Ordinance (Cap. 245) of Hong Kong, with section 4 being repealed by the Public Order (Amendment) Ordinance 1995 (77 of 1995).
  • Infanticide Act, 1938 (1 & 2 Geo. 6 c. 36)
    • Re-enacted the offence of infanticide as created by the Infanticide Act, 1922 (12 & 13 Geo. 5 c. 18). Still an active criminal legislation used to deal with unfortunate cases and unfortunate defendants.
    • See section 47C of the Offences against the Person Ordinance for corresponding Hong Kong legislation.
    • That said, some proposed that diminished responsibility due to lactation effects is scientifically doubted
      • ->Somehow similar to how Article 19 of the Chinese Criminal Law (first enacted in 1979) provides for diminished responsibility to deaf defendants who can't speak (又聋又哑的人), on the outdated idea that deaf-mute people must have intellectual disability. Note that neither deafness nor muteness benefits a defendant under this Article.
    • And also, the Act's provision may also cover section 2 of the Homicide Act, 1957 (5 & 6 Eliz. 2 c. 11, section 3 of the Homicide Ordinance (Cap. 339) in Hong Kong), relating to general diminished responsibility in murder.
  • Prevention of Crime Act, 1953 (1 & 2 Eliz. c. 14)
    • Criminalizes possession of offensive weapons in public places without lawful authority or reasonable excuse. Later amended by the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10) to create another fresh offence of threatening with offensive weapon in public.
    • The Act is also the basis of section 33 of the Public Order Ordinance (Cap. 245) in Hong Kong, and is an useful reference when dealing with charges under s. 33, although s. 33 provides different sentencing arrangement (see subsection (2) of s. 33).
    • Although in light of all the mess in 2019, the administration do need to seriously consider a revision on s. 33 (along with other content) of the Public Order Ordinance to clarify what is an "offensive weapon", like, how to properly deal with extra-powerful laser pointers?
  • Suicide Act, 1961 (9 & 10 Eliz 2 c. 60) (Not did by me)
  • Criminal Law Act 1967 (c. 58)
    • Enacted before the wave of English criminal law reform. Abolished the distinction between felony and misdemeanour, introduced the concept of arrestable offences, created offences for assisting offenders, concealing offences and providing false information to law enforcement, and wiped out archaic legislation dated back from 1275.
      • Though felony and misdemeanour are still widely adopted by the Americans (partially thanks to the Model Penal Code). Don't know why state legislators have the interest to classify offences from Class A Felonies to Class X misdemeanours.
    • For corresponding Hong Kong law provisions, see notes on the page.
  • Theft Act 1968 (c. 60)
    • Covers property offences like theft, robbery and blackmail, and obviously, is the basis of Hong Kong's Theft Ordinance (Cap. 210)
    • The offences about obtaining property and pecuniary advantage by deception were repealed by the Fraud Act 2006.
    • Though remember that these offences still remains in the Theft Ordinance: see ss. 17 to 18 of that Ordinance.
  • Criminal Damage Act 1971 (c. 48)
    • Reforms then-archaic English law on vandalism (N.B., the Malicious Damage Act 1861, enacted approximately at the same period of the Offences against the Person Act 1861).
    • While broad enough, the enactment is not applicable to intangible properties like computer data, which is the reason why the Computer Misuse Act 1990 is enacted.
    • Covered by Part VIII of the Crimes Ordinance in Hong Kong, and note that the Hong Kong provisions covers computer data (s. 59(1)(b) and 59(1A)), similar to provisions of the Irish Criminal Damage Act 1991 (Ireland 31 of 1991).
  • Protection of Children Act 1978 (c. 37)
    • Provided for punishment for child pornography after concerns on active pedophile organizations. Refer to Prevention of Child Pornography Ordinance (Cap. 579) and Sections 377BG to 377BL for relevant provisions in HK and SG.
    • While not mentioned in the Act, various civil organizations also enforces the Act by blacklisting relevant websites, in which an example can be found at here.
  • Theft Act 1978 (c. 31)
    • Criminalizes offences related to deception, along with making off without payment (i.e. 霸王餐). ss. 1 and 2 has since been repealed by the Fraud Act 2006 to update provisions related to white-collar crimes.
    • Though ss. 18A to 18C of the Theft Ordinance in Hong Kong law are still active provisions since they are enacted in 1980.
  • Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981 (c. 45)
    • Revised British criminal provisions on forgery and counterfeiting. Corresponding provisions exist in Hong Kong law under Part IX and XI of the Crimes Ordinance.
    • Hot fact: Counterfeiting British currency was originally treated as treason.
  • Taking of Hostages Act 1982 (c. 28)
    • Criminalizing hostage taking. In other words, if Pagett took hostage after the Act commences, he won't be able to use causation to defend (9up) his act.
  • Public Order Act 1986 (c. 64)
    • Covering public order offences that one will find in out-of-control demonstrations.
    • Refer to ss. 18-19 of the Public Order Ordinance for similar provisions in Hong Kong law. Also note that the requirement in England and Wales is 12 people, consistent with the earlier tradition of the Riot Act.
      • The offence of riot British Public Order Act 1986 also explicitly requires proof of common purpose, while both the offences of unlawful assembly and riot in the Hong Kong Public Order Ordinance explicitly waived common purpose: see HKSAR v Lo Kin Man (2021) 24 HKCFAR 302 para. 37 and 39.
  • Computer Misuse Act 1990 (c. 18)
    • Creates statutory computer misuse offences, and is the template for other common law jurisdiction enactments like Computer Misuse Act 1993 in Singapore.
    • P.S., honestly, when can our administration consider revising our cybercrime legislation? It's obviously too obscure to prosecute all of these cases under the all-powerful "access to computer with criminal or dishonest intent"? (s. 161, Crimes Ordinance)
  • Protection from Harassment Act 1997 (c. 40)
    • Dealing with the offence of harassment. While not explicitly marked, it seems that it's also somehow related to Singapore's Protection from Harassment Act 2014 (albeit with more recent drafting style)?
  • Sexual Offences Act 2003 (c. 42)
    • Reforms English criminal law on sexual offences, introduces new measures on preventing repeated sex offenders, and strengthens penalty on child pornography by increasing maximum penalty to 10 years.
    • And it seems that the UK Parliament is quite satisfied with the "prevention order" model, and tried to expand it's usage to other legislation, eg. Serious Crime Act 2015 (c. 9) section 73 (which inserts sections 5A to 5C to the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (c. 31)) and Part 2 of the Offensive Weapons Act 2019 (c. 17) (Knife crime prevention orders).
    • Part of the Act is also used to improve portions related to sex offences in the Singaporean Penal Code 1871 vide the Criminal Law Reform Act 2019.
  • Fraud Act 2006 (c. 35)
    • Basically dealing with white-collar crimes, also see the blurb regarding Theft Act 1978.
    • Meanwhile in Hong Kong, a separate fraud offence was inserted into the Theft Ordinance by the Theft (Amendment) Ordinance 1999 (45 of 1999).
  • Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007 (c. 19)
    • A piece of legislation focusing entirely on corporate manslaughter, an entirely corporate offence. Mostly used to prosecute industrial accidents.
  • Bribery Act 2010 (c. 23)
    • An British effort to reform the archaic British criminal law on corruption (honestly, you want some 1889 or 1916 Acts to come up with modern corrupt practice?). So can I describe it's a "Great Leap Forward to 1960 or 1970"?

Others[edit]

  • Anti-Torture Act, 2017 (Nigerian Act 21 of 2017)
  • Children and Young Persons (Harmful Publications) Act, 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 28 U.K.)
    • Enacted in response to alleged harmful effects caused horror comics (like vampire comics) popular among British children. Probably a prime example of moral-panic induced legislation?
    • Nevertheless the Act remains as a current enactment in EW and Scotland, and is listed as one of the possible options (though one that needs the A-G's permission for prosecution) when dealing with obscene publications by the DPP.
  • Human Rights Act 1998 (1998 c. 42 U.K.)
    • The British constitutional law giving effect to the ECHR (convention).
    • After the Rwandan refugee plan screwed up (plus the Tories' longstanding distaste of the HRA1998), Dominic Raab attempted to submit a Bill to repeal HRA1998, with one of the key points is to limit ECHR litigations related to deportation. That porkchop was halted by Liz Truss at the end—don't even need a filibuster from the opposition.
  • Statute of Westminster, 1931 (22 Geo. 5. c. 4. U.K.)
    • A British law loosening colonial control on a number of colonies (dominions), triggering the eventual collapse of the British Colonial Empire.
  • Non-Fatal Offences Against the Person Act, 1997 (Ireland No. 26 of 1997)
    • The Irish solution in modernizing criminal law regarding offences against the person. Replaces most provisions of the inherited Offences against the Person Act 1861.
    • Meanwhile in Hong Kong we are still using the archaic Offences against the Person Ordinance (Cap. 212) (original version)...
  • Security Offences (Special Measures) Act 2012 (Malaysia [Act 747])
    • A replacement for the Internal Security Act 1960 [Act 82] (i.e. the former Cap. 143 in Singapore, as the ISA extended to there since Singapore became a component part of Malaysia, along with other Malaysian enactments), though critics claim that it's nothing different than the old one.
  • Criminal Code of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
    • The criminal code of Russia (as part of the Soviet Union) from 1960 to 1996. While not verified I think this seems to be the basis for the Chinese Criminal Law, especially the 1979 version—you know, offences like "hooliganism" (cf. 流氓罪) or "spetaculation" (cf. 投机倒把).
  • Syariah Penal Code Order, 2013 (Brunei S 69/2013)
    • Introduced medieval punishments like amputation for thieves and stoning for gay couples... US: Should we invoke the Global Magnitsky Act to sanction the Sultan? Oh, he's oily, so perhaps we should then condemn him and continue import oil from them, nothing happens! :-)

Macau Laws[edit]

I'm also responsible for importing and maintaining the consolidated versions of Macau laws on Chinese Wikisource. At least, all laws after the handover, important pre-handover laws and all codes have been completely Yes check.svg Done . Whether administrative regulations will be continued depends on my workload on other projects.

Fun stuffs[edit]

Not done by me, but found intersting:

  • The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, translated by Yei Theodora Ozaki
    • One of the earliest Japanese folklore. A more famous adaptation involves a tale of our heroic shrine maiden with a thousand-year fhsja;nfska;f 17-year old gap youkai,
    • Or depending on your choice:
      • a reputed magician thief (DA☆ZE) and her magician marionette concubine
      • a >500-year old vampire and her padded maid [Knifed]
      • a hungry ghost and her loyal servant... And wait where is the half phantom??
    • engaging in some astonishing masochistic firework fighting with three immortals... You know.
  • Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things by Lafcadio Hearn
    • How should I comment on this? In the [redacted] series, there was the BBA who created the Land of Fantasy. . .
    • [Head smashed and rolled on keyboard again]

Potholes[edit]

Big projects which are very likely to be suspended for a very long time