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Index:Sacred Books of the East - Volume 4.djvu

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Sacred Books of the East - Volume 4.djvu

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CONTENTS.


INTRODUCTION.
PAGE
Chapter I.
The Discovery of the Zend-Avesta
xiii
Chapter II.
The Interpretation of the Zend-Avesta
xxvii
Chapter III.
The Formation of the Zend-Avesta
xxxi
Chapter IV.
Parthian Elements in the Avesta
xlvii
Chapter V.
Brâhmanical, Buddhist, and Greek Elements
li
Chapter VI.
Jewish Elements in the Religion
lvii
Chapter VII.
Achaemenian and Earlier Elements
lx
Chapter VIII.
Age and Growth of the Avesta
lxiv
Chapter IX.
Conclusions
lxvii
Chapter X.
The Vendîdâd
lxx


TRANSLATION OF THE VENDÎDÂD.


Fargard I. An enumeration of sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda, and of as many plagues created in opposition by Angra Mainyu
1
Fargard II. Myths of Yima
10
Fargard III. The Earth
21
I (1–6). What comforts most the Genius of the Earth?
22
II (7–11). What discomforts most the Genius of the Earth?
24
III (12–35). What rejoices the Earth most?
26
IV (36–42). A development forbidding the burial of the dead
32
Fargard IV. Contracts and Outrages
34
I (1).
35
I a (2). Classification of the contracts according to the value of their object
35
(3–4). A contract is cancelled by paying the amount of the contract higher by one degree
36
(5–10). Religious responsibility of the family for the breach of a contract by one of its members
36
(11–16). Punishment of the Mihir-Drug (one who breaks a contract)
38
II a (17). Definition of the outrages known as âgerepta (threatening attitude), avaoirista (assault), aredus (blows)
39
(18–21). Penalties for menaces
40
(22–25). Assaults
41
(26–29). Blows
42
(30–33). Wounds
42
(34–36). Wounds causing blood to flow
43
(37–39). Broken bones
44
(40–43). Manslaughter
44
III a (44–45). Contract of charity to co-religionists
45
IV a (46). Heinousness of false oath
46
III b (47–49 a). Dignity of wealth; of marriage; of physical weal
46
IV b (49 b–55). Heinousness of false oath. Ordeal
48
Fargard V.
49
I (1–7). If a man defile the fire or the earth with dead matter (Nasu) involuntarily or unconsciously, it is no sin
50
II (8–9). Water and fire do not kill
52
III (10–14). Disposal of the dead during winter, when it is not possible to take them to the Dakhma
53
IV (15–20). Why Ahura, while forbidding man to defile water, sends water from the heavens down to the Dakhmas, covered with corpses. How he purifies that water
54
V (21–26). On the excellence of purity and of the law that shows how to recover purity, when lost
56
VI (27–38). On the defiling power of the Nasu being greater or less, according to the greater or less dignity of the being that dies
58
VII (39–44). On the management of sacrificial implements defiled with Nasu
61
VIII (45–62). On the treatment of a woman who has been delivered of a still-born child; and what is to be done with her clothes
62
Fargard VI.
67
I (1–9). How long the earth remains unclean, when defiled by the dead
67
II (10–25). Penalties for defiling the ground with dead matter
68
III (26–41). Purification of the different sorts of water, when defiled by the dead
71
IV (42–43). Purification of the Haoma
73
V (44–51). The place for corpses; the Dakhmas
74
Fargard VII.
76
I (1–5). How long after death the Drug Nasu takes possession of the corpse
76
II (6–9). How far the defiling power of the Drug Nasu extends
78
III (10–22). Cleansing of clothes defiled by the dead
79
IV (23–24). Eating of Nasu an abomination
81
V (25–27). Bringing Nasu to fire or water an abomination
82
VI (28–35). Cleansing of wood and corn defiled by the dead
83
VII a (36–40). Physicians; their probation
85
VII b (41–44). Their fees
86
VIII (45–59). Purification of the earth, of the Dakhmas. The Dakhmas and the Daêvas
87
IX (60–72). Treatment of a woman who has brought forth a still-born child
91
X (73–75). Cleansing of vessels defiled by the dead
92
XI (76–77). Cleansing of the cow
93
XII (78–79). Unclean libations
94
Fargard VIII.
95
I (1–3). Purification of the house where a man has died
95
II (4–13). Funerals
96
III (14–22). Purification of the ways along which the ^ corpse has been carried
99
IV (23–25). No clothes to be thrown on a corpse
102
V (26–32). Unlawful lusts
103
VI (33–34). A corpse when dried up does not contaminate
105
VII (35–72). Purification of the man defiled by the dead
105
VIII (73–80). Purification of the fire defiled by the dead
113
IX (81–96). The Bahrâm fire
115
X (97–107). Purification in the wilderness
119
Fargard IX. The Nine Nights' Barashnûm
122
I a (1–11). Description of the place for cleansing the un- clean (the Barashnûm-gâh)
123
I b (12–36). Description of the cleansing
126
II (37–44). Fees of the cleanser
132
III (47–57). The false cleanser; his punishment
134
Fargard X. Spells recited during the process of the cleansing
136
Fargard XI. Special spells for the cleansing of the several objects
142
Fargard XII. The Upaman: how long it lasts for different relatives
148
Fargard XIII. The Dog
155
I (1–7). The dog of Ormazd and the dog of Ahriman
155
I a (1–4). Holiness of the dog Vanghâpara ('the hedge-hog')
155
I b (5–7). Hatefulness of the dog Zairimyangura ('the tortoise')
157
II (8–16). The several kinds of dogs. Penalties for the murder of a dog
159
III (17–19). On the duties of the shepherd's dog and the house-dog
159
IV (20–28). On the food due to the dog
160
V (29–38). On the mad dog and the dog diseased; how they are to be kept, and cured
163
VI (39–40). On the excellence of the dog
164
VII (41–43). On the wolf-dog
165
VIII (44–48). On the virtues and vices of the dog
166
IX (49). Praise of the dog
168
X (50–56). The water-dog
168
Fargard XIV. The atonement for the murder of a water-dog
169
Fargard XV.
176
I (1–8). On five sins the commission of which makes the sinner a Peshôtanu
176
II a (9–12). On unlawful unions and attempts to procure miscarriage
178
II a (13–19). On the obligations of the illegitimate father towards the mother and the child
179
III (20–45). On the treatment of a bitch big with young
180
IV (46–51). On the breeding of dogs
184
Fargard XVI.
185
I (1–7). On the uncleanness of women during their sickness
185
II (8–12). What is to be done if that state lasts too long
187
III (13–18). Sundry laws relating to the same matter
188
Fargard XVII. Hair and Nails
190
Fargard XVIII.
193
I (1–13). On the unworthy priest and enticers to heresy
193
II (14–29). The holiness of the cock, the bird of Sraosha, who awakes the world for prayer and for the protection of Atar
196
III (30–59). On the four sins that make the Drug pregnant with a brood of fiends
200
IV (60–65). On the evil caused by the Gahi ('the prostitute')
204
V (66–76). How intercourse with a Dashtân woman is to be atoned for
206
Fargard XIX.
208
I (1–3). Angra Mainyu sends the demon Bûiti to kill Zarathustra: Zarathustra sings aloud the Ahuna-Vairya, and the demon flies away, confounded by the sacred words and by the Glory of Zarathustra
209
I a (4–10). Angra Mainyu himself attacks him and propounds riddles to be solved under pain of death
210
II (11–16). How to destroy the uncleanness born from a contact with the dead
212
III (17–19). How to promote the prosperity of the creation
214
IV (20–25). How to purify man and clothes defiled by the dead
215
V (26–34). On the remuneration of deeds after death; on the fate of the wicked and the righteous; the Kinvad bridge
217
II a (35–42). A series of invocations
220
VI (43–47). A series of invocations
224
Fargard XX. Thrita and the origin of medicine
225
Fargard XXI.
230
I (1). Praise of the holy bull
231
II (2–3). Invocation addressed to rain as a healing power
231
III a (4–7). Joint invocation addressed to the waters and to the light of the sun
231
III b (8–11). Joint invocation addressed to the waters and to the light of the moon
233
III c (12–17). Joint invocation addressed to the waters and to the light of the stars
233
IV (18–23). Spells against disease
235
Fargard XXII. Angra Mainyu creates 99,999 diseases: Ahura Mazda applies for healing to the Holy Word and to Airyaman
236


FRAGMENTS OF THE NASKS.

I.
Westergaard's Fragments
245
II.
Zend Fragments in the Zend-Pahlavi Farhang
252
III.
Zend Fragments quoted in the Pahlavi Commentary of the Yasna
258
IV.
Zend Fragments quoted in the Pahlavi Commentary of the Vendîdâd
260
V.
Tahmuras' Fragments
275
VI.
Erpatistân and Nîrangistân
300
VII.
Sundry Fragments
369
VIII.
Aogemaidê
372

Transliteration of Oriental Alphabets adopted for the Translations of the Sacred Books of the East
387