Portal:Greek language and literature

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Greek language and literature

Greek (ελληνικά, IPA: [eliniˈka] or ελληνική γλώσσα, IPA: [eliniˈci ˈɣlosa]), an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, is the language of the Greeks. Native to the southern Balkans, it has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records.

Greek literature refers to writings composed in areas of Greek influence, typically though not necessarily in one of the Greek dialects, throughout the whole period in which the Greek-speaking people have existed.

This section only includes English translations of Greek texts, and works written in English. For texts in Greek, see Greek Wikisource.

Greek language

Epic of Digenis Akritas, manuscript in the National Library of Greece.
Epic of Digenis Akritas, an example of Byzantine literature.

The Greek language has been spoken in the Balkan peninsula since around the 3rd millennium BCE. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for most of its history, although Linear B and other systems were used previously.

Wikisource hosts copies of the following works on the Greek language:

Greek literature

Wikisource hosts copies of the following general works on Greek literature:

Literature collections

Old book bindings

Wikisource hosts the following collections of Greek literature:

Child portal: Ancient Greek drama

Literary criticism

Byzantine and modern Greek literature

Byzantine literature may be defined as the Greek literature of the Middle Ages, whether written within the territory of the Byzantine Empire or outside its borders. It forms the second period in the history of Greek literature, though popular Byzantine literature and early Modern Greek literature, which begin in the 11th century, are indistinguishable.

Greek authors

Bust of Demosthemes in the Louvre.

For a more extensive listing, see: Category:Greek authors

Greek philosophy

Plato and Aristotle

Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE and continued through the Hellenistic period to the time of the Roman Empire. Philosophy was used to make sense out of the world in a non-religious way. It dealt with many varied subjects, including logic, rhetoric, metaphysics, aesthetics, and ethics.

Aristotle: MetaphysicsNicomachean EthicsThe Poetics

Plato: ApologyThe RepublicSymposium

Child portals: Ancient Greek philosophySocrates

Greek poetry

Epic poetry — IliadOdysseyTheogonyWorks and Days

Lyric poetry — AnacreonteaEpinikia • "Hymn to Venus" • "To His Soul"

Child portals: Ancient Greek dramaOdes of Pindar

Related portal: Ancient poetry

Other Greek writings

Additional subjects covered by Greek writings.

Child portals: Greek science and mathematics

Related portals: Ancient Greek historyGreek religionBiblePre-Nicene Christianity

For a more extensive listing, see: Category:Works originally in Greek

External resources

See also