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Index:A grammar of the Bohemian or Cech language.djvu

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A grammar of the Bohemian or Cech language.djvu


CONTENTS
PAGE
Introduction v
I. Phonology.
The Alphabet 1
The Consonants 3
II. Accidence.
(i) INFLECTED PARTS OF SPEECH:-
The Noun 5
First Declension: a-stems 6
Second Declension: o-stems 9
Third Declension: Feminines in a and e 10
Fourth Declension: u-stems 11
Fifth Declension: i-stems 11
Sixth Declension: Consonantal Stems 12
(1) v-stems 12
(2) n-stems:-
(a) Masculine 12
(b) Neuter 13
(3) s-stems 14
(4) t-stems 15
(5) r-stems 15
The Adjective 16
Comparison of Adjectives 19
všecek or všechen, all 20

Lxiv CONTENTS PAGE

Numerals :

(1) Cardinal 20

(2) Ordinal . . .21

The Hours of the Day 23

Fractions of Numerals 23

Collective Numerals 23

The Pronoun :

The Personal Pronoun 24

The Reflexive Pronoun 25

Possessive Pronouns ....... 26

Demonstrative Pronouns 27

Relative and Interrogative Pronouns .... 28

Indefinite Pronouns 29

The Verb 30

The Prepositional Prefixes 31

(1) The Infinitive Stem 34

The Aspects of the Verb 34

(2) The Present Stem 36

A. Conjugation with the Present Suffix :

First Class. Stems without Connecting Vowel :

(1) Those inland/ 37

(2) Those in s 37

(3) Those in b and v 38

(4) Those in h and k 38

(5) Those in m and , nasal stems . . 39

(6) Those in r and l..... 39

(7) Those which end in a vowel . . .40

Second Class. Stems with Connecting Vowel:

na-stems ....... 41

Third Class. Stems with Connecting Vowel <? :

First Group ....... 41

Second Group . . . . . .42

Fourth Class. Stems with Connecting Vowel / 42 Fifth Class. Stems with Connecting Vowel a:—

First Group 43

Second Group . . . . . . 43

Third Group 44

Fourth Group 45

Sixth Class, ova (u-a) stems .... 45

B. Conjugation without the Present Suffix:—

(1) věd, to know 45

(2) dad, to give 46

(3) jad, to eat 46

(4) jes, to be 46

Voice, Mood, Tense, &c .46

The Conditional Mood 47

Impersonal Verbs .....*. 48

Reflexive Verbs 49

Irregular Verbs . . 49

The Substantive Verb, býti, to be . . , 52

Paradigm of the Tenses of a Regular Verb . . 54

Participles 56

(2) UNINFLECTED PARTS OF SPEECH:—

The Adverb . . . 56

Prepositions 59

Conjunctions . -63

Interjections 63

III. Syntax.

The Concords 64

The Noun 64

The Verb:—

The Sequence of the Tenses 67

Purpose 67

Order of Words in a Sentence 68

Passages to be translated into Bohemian ... 70

Some Bohemian Phrases 123

Selected Passages 127 xvi CONTENTS PAGE

Reading Lessons:—

Vineta. (Jan Kollár) ....... 140

Bohemian Literature under Wenceslaus IV. (Tomek) 141

The Battle. (J. V. Sládek) ...... 142

The Life of St.Vojtěch. (František Palacký) . . 143

Love and Death. (Jaroslav Vrchlický) . . . 144

Storm and Peace. (Jaroslav Vrchlický) . . . 144

An Interior. (Svatopluk Čech) ..... 145

In a Strange Land. (Eliška Krásnohorská) . . 145

Bohemia after the Thirty Years’ War. (J. Malý) . 146

Details of the Poet Kollár. (Zdeňka Šemberova) . 147

Palacký and the Frankfort Parliament. (Jan Kalousek) 148

The Death of the Blind King at Creçy. (V. V. Tomek) 149

Kublaj Chán. vidění ve snu. (J. V. Sládek) . . 150

Vocabulary ......... 153