Index:Statesman's Year-Book 1913.djvu

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
Transclusion_Status_Detection_Tool Library-logo-blue-outline.png View-refresh.svg

Statesman's Year-Book 1913.djvu

Pages   (key to Page Status)   

cover - ad ad halftitle  ii title  iv  v -  vii  viii note -  ix  x  xi  xii  xiii  xiv  xv  xvi  xvii  xviii  xix  xx  xxi  xxii  xxiii  xxiv  xxv  xxvi  xxvii  xxviii  xxix  xxx  xxxi  xxxii  xxxiii  xxxiv  xxxv  xxxvi  xxxvii  xxxviii  xxxix  xl  xli  xlii  xliii  xliv  xlv  xlvi  xlvii  xlviii  xlix  l  li  lii  liii  liv  lv  lvi  lvii  lviii  lix  lx  lxi  lxii  lxiii  lxiv  lxv  lxvi  lxvii  lxviii  lxix  lxx  lxxi  lxxii  lxxiii  lxxiv  lxxv  lxxvi  lxxvii  lxxviii  lxxix  lxxx  lxxxi  lxxxii  lxxxiii  lxxxiv  lxxxv  lxxxvi  lxxxvii  lxxxviii  lxxxix  xc  xci  xcii  xciii  xciv  xcv  xcvi map - map - map - map - map - map - map - map - plate - plate - 0001 0002 0003 0004 0005 0006 0007 0008 0009 0010 0011 0012 0013 0014 0015 0016 0017 0018 0019 0020 0021 0022 0023 0024 0025 0026 0027 0028 0029 0030 0031 0032 0033 0034 0035 0036 0037 0038 0039 0040 0041 0042 0043 0044 0045 0046 0047 0048 0049 0050 0051 0052 0053 0054 0055 0056 0057 0058 0059 0060 0061 0062 0063 0064 0065 0066 0067 0068 0069 0070 0071 0072 0073 0074 0075 0076 0077 0078 0079 0080 0081 0082 0083 0084 0085 0086 0087 0088 0089 0090 0091 0092 0093 0094 0095 0096 0097 0098 0099 0100 0101 0102 0103 0104 0105 0106 0107 0108 0109 0110 0111 0112 0113 0114 0115 0116 0117 0118 0119 0120 0121 0122 0123 0124 0125 0126 0127 0128 0129 0130 0131 0132 0133 0134 0135 0136 0137 0138 0139 0140 0141 0142 0143 0144 0145 0146 0147 0148 0149 0150 0151 0152 0153 0154 0155 0156 0157 0158 0159 0160 0161 0162 0163 0164 0165 0166 0167 0168 0169 0170 0171 0172 0173 0174 0175 0176 0177 0178 0179 0180 0181 0182 0183 0184 0185 0186 0187 0188 0189 0190 0191 0192 0193 0194 0195 0196 0197 0198 0199 0200 0201 0202 0203 0204 0205 0206 0207 0208 0209 0210 0211 0212 0213 0214 0215 0216 0217 0218 0219 0220 0221 0222 0223 0224 0225 0226 0227 0228 0229 0230 0231 0232 0233 0234 0235 0236 0237 0238 0239 0240 0241 0242 0243 0244 0245 0246 0247 0248 0249 0250 0251 0252 0253 0254 0255 0256 0257 0258 0259 0260 0261 0262 0263 0264 0265 0266 0267 0268 0269 0270 0271 0272 0273 0274 0275 0276 0277 0278 0279 0280 0281 0282 0283 0284 0285 0286 0287 0288 0289 0290 0291 0292 0293 0294 0295 0296 0297 0298 0299 0300 0301 0302 0303 0304 0305 0306 0307 0308 0309 0310 0311 0312 0313 0314 0315 0316 0317 0318 0319 0320 0321 0322 0323 0324 0325 0326 0327 0328 0329 0330 0331 0332 0333 0334 0335 0336 0337 0338 0339 0340 0341 0342 0343 0344 0345 0346 0347 0348 0349 0350 0351 0352 0353 0354 0355 0356 0357 0358 0359 0360 0361 0362 0363 0364 0365 0366 0367 0368 0369 0370 0371 0372 0373 0374 0375 0376 0377 0378 0379 0380 0381 0382 0383 0384 0385 0386 0387 0388 0389 0390 0391 0392 0393 0394 0395 0396 0397 0398 0399 0400 0401 0402 0403 0404 0405 0406 0407 0408 0409 0410 0411 0412 0413 0414 0415 0416 0417 0418 0419 0420 0421 0422 0423 0424 0425 0426 0427 0428 0429 0430 0431 0432 0433 0434 0435 0436 0437 0438 0439 0440 0441 0442 0443 0444 0445 0446 0447 0448 0449 0450 0451 0452 0453 0454 0455 0456 0457 0458 0459 0460 0461 0462 0463 0464 0465 0466 0467 0468 0469 0470 0471 0472 0473 0474 0475 0476 0477 0478 0479 0480 0481 0482 0483 0484 0485 0486 0487 0488 0489 0490 0491 0492 0493 0494 0495 0496 0497 0498 0499 0500 0501 0502 0503 0504 0505 0506 0507 0508 0509 0510 0511 0512 0513 0514 0515 0516 0517 0518 0519 0520 0521 0522 0523 0524 0525 0526 0527 0528 0529 0530 0531 0532 0533 0534 0535 0536 0537 0538 0539 0540 0541 0542 0543 0544 0545 0546 0547 0548 0549 0550 0551 0552 0553 0554 0555 0556 0557 0558 0559 0560 0561 0562 0563 0564 0565 0566 0567 0568 0569 0570 0571 0572 0573 0574 0575 0576 0577 0578 0579 0580 0581 0582 0583 0584 0585 0586 0587 0588 0589 0590 0591 0592 0593 0594 0595 0596 0597 0598 0599 0600 0601 0602 0603 0604 0605 0606 0607 0608 0609 0610 0611 0612 0613 0614 0615 0616 0617 0618 0619 0620 0621 0622 0623 0624 0625 0626 0627 0628 0629 0630 0631 0632 0633 0634 0635 0636 0637 0638 0639 0640 0641 0642 0643 0644 0645 0646 0647 0648 0649 0650 0651 0652 0653 0654 0655 0656 0657 0658 0659 0660 0661 0662 0663 0664 0665 0666 0667 0668 0669 0670 0671 0672 0673 0674 0675 0676 0677 0678 0679 0680 0681 0682 0683 0684 0685 0686 0687 0688 0689 0690 0691 0692 0693 0694 0695 0696 0697 0698 0699 0700 0701 0702 0703 0704 0705 0706 0707 0708 0709 0710 0711 0712 0713 0714 0715 0716 0717 0718 0719 0720 0721 0722 0723 0724 0725 0726 0727 0728 0729 0730 0731 0732 0733 0734 0735 0736 0737 0738 0739 0740 0741 0742 0743 0744 0745 0746 0747 0748 0749 0750 0751 0752 0753 0754 0755 0756 0757 0758 0759 0760 0761 0762 0763 0764 0765 0766 0767 0768 0769 0770 0771 0772 0773 0774 0775 0776 0777 0778 0779 0780 0781 0782 0783 0784 0785 0786 0787 0788 0789 0790 0791 0792 0793 0794 0795 0796 0797 0798 0799 0800 0801 0802 0803 0804 0805 0806 0807 0808 0809 0810 0811 0812 0813 0814 0815 0816 0817 0818 0819 0820 0821 0822 0823 0824 0825 0826 0827 0828 0829 0830 0831 0832 0833 0834 0835 0836 0837 0838 0839 0840 0841 0842 0843 0844 0845 0846 0847 0848 0849 0850 0851 0852 0853 0854 0855 0856 0857 0858 0859 0860 0861 0862 0863 0864 0865 0866 0867 0868 0869 0870 0871 0872 0873 0874 0875 0876 0877 0878 0879 0880 0881 0882 0883 0884 0885 0886 0887 0888 0889 0890 0891 0892 0893 0894 0895 0896 0897 0898 0899 0900 0901 0902 0903 0904 0905 0906 0907 0908 0909 0910 0911 0912 0913 0914 0915 0916 0917 0918 0919 0920 0921 0922 0923 0924 0925 0926 0927 0928 0929 0930 0931 0932 0933 0934 0935 0936 0937 0938 0939 0940 0941 0942 0943 0944 0945 0946 0947 0948 0949 0950 0951 0952 0953 0954 0955 0956 0957 0958 0959 0960 0961 0962 0963 0964 0965 0966 0967 0968 0969 0970 0971 0972 0973 0974 0975 0976 0977 0978 0979 0980 0981 0982 0983 0984 0985 0986 0987 0988 0989 0990 0991 0992 0993 0994 0995 0996 0997 0998 0999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 0001 0002 0003 0004 0005 0006 0007 0008 0009 0010 0011 0012 0013 0014 0015 0016 0017 0018 0019 0020 0021 0022 0023 0024 0025 0026 0027 0028 0029 0030 0031 0032 0033 - - back

CONTENTS


INTRODUCTORY TABLES.
I.—THE BRITISH EMPIRE, 1911–1912. xxxii
II.—RESOURCES AND PRODUCTS OF VARIOUS BRITISH

POSSESSIONS.

xxxvi
1. Crown Lands. Approximate Area Alienated, Amount Realised, Area Conditionally Alienated, and area Unalienated up to the end of the year 1911 xxxvi
2. Agricultural Products:—
1. Wheat. Area and Yield in 1910 and 1911. xxxvi
2. Barley and Oats. Area and Yield in 1911 or 1911–12. xxxvii
3. Cane-Sugar. Area and Yield in 1910 and 1911 (or 1910–11 and 1911–12). xxxviii
4. Tea and Coffee. Area and Yield in 1910 and 1911. xxxviii
5. Cocoa, Area and Yield in 1910 and 1911. xxxix
6. Wine. Area and Yield in 1910 and 1911. xxxix
7. Cotton. Area and Yield in 1910 and 1911 (or 1910–11 and 1911–12). xl
8. Rubber. Quantity and Value Produced in 1910 and 1911 (or 1910–11 and 1911–12). xl
9. Tobacco, Area and Yield in 1910 and 1911 (or 1910-11 and 1911–12). xli
10. Wool. Exported from British Possessions in 1910 and 1911 (or 1911 and 1911–12). xli
11. Live Stock in 1911–12. xli
3. Mineral Production:—
1. Gold. Output in Ounces and Value in Sterling in 1910 and 1911 (or 1910–11 and 1911–12). xliii
2. Silver. Output in Ounces and Value in 1910 and 1911. xliii
3. Copper. Output and Value in 1911. xliv
4. Iron Ore. Output and Value in 1911. xlv
5. Tin. Production (Ore and Metal) in 1911. xlv
6. Miscellaneous Minerals. Output in 1910 and 1911. xlv
7. Coal Production. Quantity and Value in 1910 and 1911. xlvi
4. Savings Banks, Depositors and Deposits in 1911 or 1911–12. xlvi
PRELIMINARY RETURNS OF ACREAGE AND PRODUCTION OF CEREALS AND POTATOES IN 1912. xlvii
COAL. xlviii
IRON AND STEEL. xlviii
LIGNITE. xlix
WORLD'S PRODUCTION OF SILK. xlix
WORLD'S PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF COCOA. l
WINE. l
THE WORLD'S SHIPBUILDING. li
THE WORLD'S COTTON SPINDLES. li
UNITED KINGDOM: FINAL RESULTS OF CENSUS OF PRODUCTION, 1907. lii
A RETROSPECT OF RECENT HISTORY.—1861–1911. liv
ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS.
United Kingdom—The Revenue; Army; Navy; Aviation; Civil Service; Production.
lxxviii
England and Wales—Vital statistics, 1912; Pauperism.
lxxxv
Scotland—Vital statistics, 1912.
lxxxvi
Ireland—Attorney-General.
lxxxvi
India—Finance.
lxxxvi
Sarawak.
lxxxvii
Union of South Africa— Parliamentary Representation; Religions; Occupations; Finance; Trade.
lxxxviii
British South Africa—Trade in 1912; Coal Resources; Mineral Production.
lxxxix
Southern Rhodesia—Trade in 1912.
lxxxix
North-Western Rhodesia—Trade in 1912.
lxxxix
Zanzibar—British Agent.
xc
Southern Nigeria—Trade in 1912.
xc
Sierra Leone Protectorate.
xc
Canada—Agriculture; Trade, 1912; Mineral Production in 1912; Railways; Post Office; Savings Banks.
xc
Newfoundland—Fisheries.
xcii
Australia—Commerce, 1912; Production.
xcii
Queensland—Mineral output in 1912.
xciii
New Zealand—Trade; Census of Manufactures.
xciii
Argentina.
xciv
Belgium.
xciv
France— Area, Population, and Commerce of Colonies.
xcv
Morocco (Spanish Zone)—Calipha.
xcvi
MAPS.
plates.
1. Europe—1863–1913.
2. Asia—1863–1913.
3. Africa—1863–1913.
4. North America—1863–1913.
5. South America—1863–1913.
6. Australia—1863–1913.
7. Extension of Quebec, Ontario, and Manitoba—1912.
8. Franco-Spanish Treaty—1912.
9. Graphic Diagram to Illustrate the Growth of Displacement, Horse-power, and Speed of Capital Battleship Types during the last Fifty Years.
10. Graphic Diagrams to Illustrate the Varying Ratio between Weight of Heaviest Gun, its Penetrative Power, and the Protection afforded to Ships during the last Fifty Years.
ADDITIONAL CONTENTS OF INTRODUCTORY TABLES.
THE BRITISH EMPIRE : SOME STATISTICS, 1862 and 1912. lxiv
THE BRITISH EMPIRE : RAILWAY MILEAGE, 1860 and 1911. lxviii
THE BRITISH EMPIRE : MERCHANT NAVIES, 1860 and 1911. lxviii
THE BRITISH ARMY, 1862–3 and 1912–13. lxviii
THE PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES : SOME STATISTICS, 1862 and 1912. lxx
UNITED KINGDOM FOOD SUPPLIES FROM CANADA, AUSTRALIA

AND NEW ZEALAND.

lxxiv
THE TREATY OF OUCHY. lxxv
THE TREATY OF MADRID. lxxv
CASES BROUGHT BEFORE THE HAGUE TRIBUNAL. lxxv
CONTRIBUTIONS FROM COMMONWEALTHS TO IMPERIAL NAVY (1912–13). lxxvi
COMPULSORY SERVICE IN THE BRITISH EMPIRE. lxxvi
Part the First.
THE BRITISH EMPIRE.
Reigning King and Emperor 3
I. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Constitution and Government 4
Area and Population 12
Religion 25
Instruction 29
Justice and Crime 34
National Insurance 37
Old Age Pensions 38
Pauperism 39
Finance 40
Defence 50
Production and Industry 60
Commerce 72
Shipping and Navigation 80
Internal Communications 82
Money and Credit 86
Money, Weights, and Measures 89
Isle of Man 90
Channel Islands 91
Books of Reference 92
II. India, the Colonies, Protectorates, and Dependencies
Europe
Gibraltar 99
Malta 100
Asia
Aden, Perim, Sokotra, &c. 102
Bahrein Islands 103
Borneo (British) 104
Ceylon
Constitution and Government 107
Area and Population 107
Religion and Instruction 108
Justice, Crime, and Pauperism 109
Finance 109
Defence 109
Production and Industry 110
Commerce 110
Shipping and Communications 111
Money and Credit 111
Dependency 111
Books of Reference 111
Cyprus 112
Hong Kong
Constitution and Government 115
Area and Population 115
Instruction 116
Justice and Crime 116
Finance 116
Defence 117
Industry, Commerce and Shipping 117
Money and Credit 118
Money, Weights, and Measures 118
Books of Reference 119
India and Dependencies
Government and Constitution 119
Area and Population 123
Religion 129
Instruction 130
Justice and Crime 131
Finance 132
Defence 136
Production and Industry 137
Commerce 141
Shipping and Navigation 147
Internal Communications 148
Money and Credit 150
Money, Weights, and Measures 152
Books of Reference 153
Baluchistan 155
Sikhim 159
Andaman Islands 160
Nicobar Islands 160
Laccadive Islands 161
Keeling Islands 161
Kuria Muria Islands 161
The Straits Settlements, Labuan, &c.
Constitution and Government 161
Area and Population 162
Instruction 163
Justice and Crime 164
Finance 164
Defence, Production, Industry 164
Commerce 165
Shipping and Navigation 166
Communications 166
Money, Weights, and Measures 167
Federated Malay States 167
Other British Protected States 170
Books of Reference 172
Weihaiwei 172
Africa
Ascension Island 174
British East Africa 174
East Africa Protectorate 174
Uganda Protectorate 178
Zanzibar Protectorate
Sultan and Government 180
Area, Population, Religion 180
Justice 181
Finance, Commerce 181
Books of Reference 182
Mauritius
Constitution and Government 184
Area and Population 184
Finance, Defence, Commerce 185
Money, Weights, and Measures 185
Dependencies 185
Books of Reference 185
Nyasaland Protectorate 185
St. Helena 188
Tristan da Cunha 189
Seychelles 189
Somaliland Protectorate 191
South Africa
Basutoland 192
Bechuanaland Protectorate 193
Rhodesia 194
Swaziland 198
Union of South Africa 200
Area and Population 202
Instruction 203
Finance 203
Defence 204
Production and Industry 205
Commerce 205
Shipping and Communications 207
Books of Reference 207
Cape of Good Hope
Constitution and Government 208
Area and Population 208
Religion, Instruction 210
Justice, Crime 210
Charitable Institutions, Hospitals, Pauperism 210
Finance 210
Production and Industry 211
Commerce 211
Banks 212
Money, Weights, and Measures 212
Books of Reference 212
Natal
Constitution & Government 213
Area and Population 213
Instruction 214
Finance 215
Industry 215
Commerce 216
Books of Reference 216
The Transvaal
Constitution & Government 217
Area and Population 217
Religion, Instruction, &c. 217
Finance 218
Production and Industry 219
Commerce 219
Books of Reference 220
Orange Free State
Constitution 221
Area and Population 221
Religion 222
Education 222
Justice 222
Finance 222
Production and Industry 223
Commerce 224
Books of Reference 225
West Africa
Northern Nigeria 225
Area, Population, &c. 225
Justice 226
Religion and Education 226
Defence 226
Finance 226
Production and Industry 227
Commerce and Communication 227
Southern Nigeria 228
The Gold Coast 230
Sierra Leone 231
Gambia 233
Statistics 233
Books of Reference 236
America
Bermudas 238
Canada
Constitution and Government 239
Area and Population 242
Religion 243
Instruction 244
Justice and Crime 244
Finance 245
Defence 247
Production and Industry 248
Commerce 250
Shipping and Navigation 254
Internal Communications 254
Money and Credit 255
Money, Weights, & Measures 256
Books of Reference 257
Canadian Provinces
Alberta
Constitution and Government 258
Local Government 259
Area and Population 259
Instruction 259
Justice and Crime 260
Finance 260
Production and Industry 260
Commerce and Communication 261
Books of Reference 261
British Columbia
Constitution and Government 261
Area and Population 262
Instruction 262
Finance 263
Production and Industry 263
Commerce 263
Communications and Shipping 263
Books of Reference 264
Manitoba
Constitution and Government 264
Area and Population 264
Instruction 264
Finance 264
Production and Industry 264
Communications 265
Books of Reference 265
New Brunswick
Constitution and Government 265
Area and Population 265
Instruction 265
Finance 265
Production and Industry 265
Commerce and Communications 266
Books of Reference 266
Nova Scotia
Constitution and Government 266
Local Government 267
Area and Population 267
Religion 267
Instruction 267
Pensions 267
Justice and Crime 268
Finance 268
Production and Industry 268
Commerce and Communications 269
Books of Reference 269
Ontario
Constitution and Government 269
Area and Population 270
Instruction 270
Finance 270
Production and Industry 270
Communications 270
Books of Reference 270
Prince Edward Island
Constitution and Government 271
Area and Population 271
Instruction 271
Finance 271
Production and Industry 271
Communications 271
Books of Reference 271
Quebec
Constitution and Government 272
Area and Population 272
Instruction 272
Finance 272
Production and Industry 272
Communications 272
Books of Reference 273
Saskatchewan
Constitution and Government 273
Area and Population 273
Instruction 273
Finance 273
Production and Industry 274
Communications 274
Books of Reference 274
Yukon
Constitution and Government 274
Area and Population 274
Production, Industry, and Communications 274
North-West Territories 275
Constitution and Government 275
Area and Population 275
Falkland Islands 275
Guiana, British 276
Honduras, British 278
Newfoundland and Labrador 280
Revenue and Expenditure 281
Imports and Exports 281
Shipping 281
Production, &c. 282
Communications, &c. 282
Books of Reference 282
West Indies 283
Bahamas 283
Barbados 284
Jamaica 284
Leeward Islands 286
Trinidad 288
Windward Islands 289
Statistics of West Indies 290
Books of Reference on West Indies 292
Australasia and Oceania
Commonwealth of Australia:
Constitution 293
Area and Population 294
Finance 295
Invalid & Old Age Pensions 296
Defence 296
Production 298
Commerce 298
Shipping and Navigation 301
Communications 302
Books of Reference 303
New South Wales
Constitution and Government 305
Area and Population 306
Religion 307
Instruction 308
Old Age, Invalidity, and Accident Pensions 308
Justice and Crime 309
Finance 309
Production and Industry 310
Commerce and Communications 314
Money and Credit 314
Books of Reference 316
Victoria
Constitution and Government 316
Victoria
Area and Population 317
Religion 319
Instruction 319
Old Age Pensions, Justice and Crime 319
Finance 320
Production and Industry 321
Commerce and Credit 323
Books of Reference 324
Queensland
Constitution and Government 324
Area and Population 325
Religion 326
Instruction 327
Justice and Crime 327
Pauperism, Old Age Pensions 327
Finance 327
Defence 328
Production and Industry 328
Commerce, Shipping 330
Banks 330
Books of Reference 331
South Australia
Constitution and Government 331
Area and Population 332
Religion, Instruction 333
Justice, Crime, Old Age Pensions 334
Finance 334
Production and Industry 334
Commerce, Shipping 335
Banks 336
Books of Reference 336
Western Australia
Constitution and Government 336
Area and Population 337
Religion, Instruction 339
Justice and Crime 339
Pauperism and Old Age Pensions 340
Finance 340
Production and Industry 340
Commerce, Shipping 342
Money and Credit 342
Books of Reference 343
Tasmania
Constitution and Government 343
Tasmania
Area and Population 344
Religion, Instruction 345
Justice and Crime 345
Pauperism, Old Age Pensions 345
Revenue and Expenditure 346
Production and Industry 346
Commerce 347
Savings Banks 347
Books of Reference 347
Northern Territory
Government 348
Area and Population 348
Finance 349
Production and Industry 349
Commerce 349
Books of Reference 350
Papua 350
Books of Reference 351
New Zealand
Government and Constitution 352
Area and Population 353
Religion 355
Instruction 356
Justice, Crime 356
Pauperism 357
Old Age Pensions 357
Finance 357
Defence 359
Production and Industry 359
Commerce 361
Shipping and Navigation 363
Money and Credit 364
Dependencies 364
Books of Reference 365
Fiji
Constitution and Government 365
Area and Population 366
Religion, Instruction 366
Finance 367
Production, Industry, and Commerce 367
Shipping and Communications 368
Books of Reference 368
Pacific Islands
Tonga 369
Other Islands 370
Books of Reference 371
Part the Second.
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
UNITED STATES
Constitution and Government 375
Area and Population 381
Religion 388
Instruction 388
Justice and Crime 391
Pauperism 391
Finance 392
Defence 394
Production and Industry 399
Commerce 411
Shipping and Navigation 415
Internal Communications 417
Money and Credit 419
Money, Weights, and Measures 421
Diplomatic Representatives 421
Books of Reference 422
STATES AND TERRITORIES—
Alabama
Constitution & Government 424
Area and Population 424
Religion, Instruction, Charity 425
Finance, Defence 425
Production and Industry 426
Books of Reference 426
Arizona
Government 427
Area. Population, Instruction 427
Charity 428
Finance, Defence 428
Production and Industry 428
Books of Reference 429
Arkansas
Government 429
Area, Population, Instruction 429
Charity 430
Finance, Defence 430
Production and Industry 430
Books of Reference 431
California
Constitution and Government 431
Area and Population 432
Religion and Instruction 433
Charity 433
Finance, Defence 434
Agriculture and Forestry 434
Mining, Manufactures, &c. 435
Commerce and Transportation 436
Books of Reference 436
Colorado
Government 437
Area and Population 437
Religion and Instruction 437
Charity 437
Finance, Defence 438
Production and Industry 438
Books of Reference 438
Connecticut
Government 439
Area, Population, Instruction 440
Charity 440
Finance, Defence 441
Production and Industry 441
Banking 441
Books of Reference 441
Delaware
Government 442
Area, Population, Instruction 442
Charity 443
Finance, Defence 443
Production and Industry 443
Books of Reference 444
District of Columbia 444
Florida
Government 446
Area, Population, Religion, Instruction 447
Charity 447
Finance, Defence 448
Production and Industry 448
Books of Reference 449
Georgia
Government 449
Area and Population 449
Religion, Instruction, Charity 450
Finance, Defence 451
Production and Industry 451
Books of Reference 452
Idaho
Government 453
Area, Population, Instruction 453
Charity 453
Finance, Defence 453
Production and Industry 454
Books of Reference 454
Illinois
Government 455
Area, Population, Instruction 455
Charity 456
Finance, Defence 456
Production, Industry 457
Books of Reference 458
Indiana
Government 458
Area and Population 458
Religion, Education 459
Charity 460
Finance, Defence 460
Production and Industry 460
Books of Reference 461
Iowa
Government 462
Area and Population 462
Religion, Instruction, Charity 463
Finance, Defence 463
Production and Industry 464
Books of Reference 465
Kansas
Government 465
Area, Population, Instruction 465
Charity 466
Finance, Defence 466
Production and Industry 467
Books of Reference 468
Kentucky
Government 468
Area, Population, Instruction 468
Charity 469
Finance, Defence 469
Production, Industry 469
Books of Reference 470
Louisiana
Government 470
Area, Population, Instruction 471
Charity 472
Finance, Defence 472
Production, Industry 472
Books of Reference 473
Maine
Government 474
Area, Population, Instruction 474
Charity 474
Finance, Defence 475
Production, Commerce, Railways 475
Books of Reference 476
Maryland
Government 476
Area, Population, Instruction 477
Charity 477
Finance, Defence 478
Production, Industry 478
Books of Reference 479
Massachusetts
Constitution and Government 480
Area, Population, Instruction 480
Charity and Correction 482
Finance, Defence 483
Production, Industry, Commerce 484
Books of Reference 486
Michigan
Government 486
Area, Population, Education 487
Charity 488
Finance, Defence 488
Production, Industry 488
Books of Reference 490
Minnesota
Government 490
Area, Population, Education 490
Charity 490
Finance, Defence 491
Production, Industry 491
Books of Reference 492
Mississippi
Government 492
Area, Population, Education 493
Charity 493
Finance, Defence 494
Production, Industry 494
Books of Reference 495
Missouri
Government 495
Area, Population, Instruction 495
Charity 496
Finance, Defence 497
Production, Industry 497
Books of Reference 498
Montana
Government 498
Area, Population, Instruction 498
Charity 499
Finance, Defence 499
Production 499
Books of Reference 500
Nebraska
Government 501
Area, Population, Instruction 501
Charity 502
Finance, Defence 502
Production, Industry 502
Books of Reference 503
Nevada
Government 504
Area, Population, Instruction, Justice 504
Finance, Defence 504
Production, Industry 505
Books of Reference 505
New Hampshire
Government 505
Area, Population, Instruction 506
Charity 506
Finance, Defence 507
Production, Industry 507
Books of Reference 508
New Jersey
Government 508
Area, Population, Instruction 508
Charity 509
Finance, Defence 509
Production 509
Books of Reference 510
New Mexico
Constitution and Government 511
Area, Population, Instruction 511
Charity 512
Finance, Production, &c. 512
Books of Reference 513
New York State
Constitution and Government 513
Area, Population, Education 514
Charity 516
Finance, Defence 516
Production, Industry, Commerce 517
Books of Reference 519
North Carolina
Government 520
Area, Population, Instruction 520
Charity 520
Finance, Defence 521
Production, Industry 521
Books of Reference 522
North Dakota
Government 522
Area, Population, Instruction 523
Charity 523
Finance, Defence 523
Production, Industry 524
References 524
Ohio
Government 524
Area, Population, Instruction 524
Charity 526
Finance, Defence 526
Production, Industry 526
Books of Reference 528
Oklahoma 528
Area and Population 528
Religion, Education, Charity 528
Finance, Defence 529
Production 529
Books of Reference 529
Oregon
Government 530
Area, Population, Instruction 530
Charity 531
Finance, Defence 531
Production, Industry 531
Books of Reference 533
Pennsylvania
Government 533
Area, Population, Instruction 533
Charity 534
Finance, Defence 535
Production, Industry 535
Books of Reference 536
Rhode Island
Constitution and Government 537
Area, Population, Education 537
Charity 538
Finance, Defence 538
Production, Industry 539
Railways 539
Books of Reference 539
South Carolina
Constitution and Government 540
Area, Population, Instruction 540
Charity 541
Finance, Defence 541
Production, Industry 541
Books of Reference 542
South Dakota
Government 543
Area, Population, Instruction 543
Charity 544
Finance, Defence 544
Production, Industry 544
Books of Reference 545
Tennessee
Constitution and Government 546
Area, Population, Instruction 546
Charity 547
Finance, Defence 547
Production, Industry 547
Books of Reference 548
Texas
Government 549
Area, Population, Instruction 549
Charity 550
Finance, Defence 550
Production, Industry 550
Books of Reference 552
Utah
Constitution and Government 552
Area, Population, Instruction 552
Charity 553
Finance, Defence 553
Production, Industry 554
Books of Reference 554
Vermont
Government 555
Area, Population, Instruction 555
Charity 555
Finance, Defence 556
Production, Industry 556
Books of Reference 557
Virginia
Constitution and Government 557
Area, Population, Instruction 557
Charity 558
Finance, Defence 558
Production, Industry 559
Books of Reference 560
Washington
Government 560
Area, Population, Instruction 560
Charity 561
Finance, Defence 561
Production, Industry 562
Books of Reference 563
West Virginia
Government 564
Area, Population, Instruction 564
Charity 565
Finance, Defence 565
Production, Industry 565
Books of Reference 566
Wisconsin
Government 567
Area, Population, Education 567
Charity 568
Finance, Defence 568
Production, Industry, Communications 569
Books of Reference 570
Wyoming
Government 570
Area, Population, Instruction 570
Charity 570
Finance, Defence 571
Production, Industry 571
Books of Reference 572
OUTLYING TERRITORIES—
Alaska Territory
Government 572
Instruction 572
Justice, Finance 573
Production, Communications 573
Books of Reference 574
Hawaii
Government 574
Area, Population 575
Religion and Instruction 575
Justice 575
Finance, Defence 576
Production and Commerce 576
Shipping and Communications 576
Books of Reference 577
Porto Rico
Government 577
Area, Population, and Instruction 578
Finance 578
Production, Industry, and Commerce 579
Shipping and Communications 579
Books of Reference 580
Philippine Islands
Area and Population 580
Movement of Population 580
Government 581
Justice and Defence 581
Religion 581
Education 582
Finance 582
Production and Industry 583
Commerce 583
Shipping and Communications 584
Banking and Coinage 584
Guam 585
Samoan Islands 586
Books of Reference (Philippine, Ladrone, & Samoan Islands) 587
Part the Third.
OTHER COUNTRIES.
ABYSSINIA
Government 591
Population 592
Religion and Instruction 592
Agriculture 592
Commerce 593
Communications 593
Money and Credit 593
Books of Reference 594
AFGHÁNISTÁN 595
Area, Population, Defence 596
Production 597
Trade 597
Books of Reference 598
ARGENTINE REPUBLIC
Constitution and Government 600
Area and Population 601
Religion and Instruction 602
Justice 602
Finance 603
Defence 604
Production and Industry 605
Commerce, Shipping 605
Shipping and Navigation 607
Internal Communications 607
Money and Credit 607
Money, Weights, and Measures 608
Diplomatic Representatives 608
Books of Reference 608
AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
Reigning Sovereign 610
Political Relations between Austria and Hungary 611
Common Finance 613
Defence 614
Commerce of the Common Customs Territory 618
Money and Credit 619
Money, Weights, and Measures 620
AUSTRIA
Constitution and Government 621
Area and Population 624
Religion 626
Instruction 627
Justice and Crime 629
Pauperism 629
Finance 630
Production and Industry 631
Shipping and Navigation 634
Internal Communications 634
Money and Credit 635
HUNGARY
Constitution and Government 637
Area and Population 639
Religion 641
Instruction 642
Justice and Crime 643
Pauperism 643
Finance 644
Production and Industry 645
Commerce 647
Shipping and Navigation 648
Internal Communications 648
Money and Credit 649
Austria-Hungary
Diplomatic Representatives 650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 651
Government 651
Area and Population 651
Instruction 652
Justice 652
Finance 652
Production and Industry 652
Commerce and Communications 653
Books of Reference 653
BELGIUM
Reigning King 658
Constitution and Government 658
Area and Population 661
Religion 663
Instruction 663
Justice and Crime 664
Pauperism 664
State Finance 666
Local Finance 666
Defence 666
Production and Industry 667
Commerce 669
Shipping and Navigation 671
Internal Communications 671
Money and Credit 672
Money, Weights, and Measures 672
Diplomatic Representatives 672
Books of Reference 673
BELGIAN CONGO
Constitution and Government 674
Area and Population 674
Finance, Defence 675
Justice 676
Production, Commerce, Shipping 676
Internal Communications 677
Books of Reference 678
BHUTÁN 679
BOLIVIA
Constitution and Government 681
Population 667
Religion, Instruction, and Justice 682
Finance 682
Defence 683
Production and Industry 684
Commerce 684
Communications 685
Money, Weights, and Measures 686
Consular Representatives 686
Books of Reference 686
BRAZIL
Constitution and Government 687
Area and Population 689
Religion 690
Instruction 690
Justice and Crime 690
Finance 691
State Finances 691
Defence 691
Production and Industry 692
Commerce 693
Shipping and Navigation 694
Internal Communications 694
Money and Credit 695
Money, Weights, and Measures 695
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 696
Books of Reference 696
BULGARIA
Reigning King 698
Constitution and Government 698
Area and Population 699
Religion, Instruction 700
Finance 701
Defence 701
Production and Industry 702
Commerce 703
Shipping, Communications 703
Money and Credit 704
Consular Representatives 704
Books of Reference 704
CHILE
Constitution and Government 705
Area and Population 706
Religion 707
Instruction 707
Justice, Crime, Pauperism 707
Finance 708
Defence 708
Agriculture and Industry 709
Commerce 710
Shipping and Navigation 711
Communications 711
Money and Credit 712
Money, Weights, and Measures 712
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 712
Books of Reference 713
CHINA
Government 714
Area and Population 716
Religion 718
Instruction 719
Justice 720
Finance 720
Defence 723
Production and Industry 723
Commerce 725
Shipping and Navigation 727
Internal Communications 728
Money, Weights, and Measures 730
Diplomatic Representatives 731
Chinese Dependencies and Frontier Provinces 731
Manchuria 731
Tibet 732
Sin-Kiang 733
Mongolia 734
Books of Reference 735
COLOMBIA
Constitution and Government 739
Area and Population 739
Religion and Instruction 740
Finance 741
Defence 741
Production 741
Commerce 742
Shipping and Communications 743
Money, Weights, and Measures 743
Diplomatic and Commercial Representatives 744
Books of Reference 744
COSTA RICA
Constitution and Government 745
Area and Population 745
Religion, Instruction, Justice 746
Finance 746
Defence 747
Industry and Commerce 747
Shipping and Communications 748
Money, Weights, and Measures 748
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 749
Books of Reference 749
CUBA
Constitution and Government 750
Area and Population 750
Instruction 751
Finance, Defence 751
Production and Industry 752
Commerce 752
Shipping and Communications 753
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 753
Books of Reference 754
DENMARK
Reigning King 755
Constitution and Government 756
Area and Population 758
Religion 759
Instruction 759
Pauperism, Old Age Pensions 759
Justice and Crime 760
Finance 760
Defence 762
Production and Industry 763
Commerce 764
Shipping and Navigation 765
Internal Communications 765
Money and Credit 766
Money, Weights, and Measures 766
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 766
Colonies 767
Books of Reference 767
ECUADOR
Constitution and Government 769
Area and Population 769
Religion and Instruction 770
Justice and Crime 770
Finance 770
Defence 771
Production, Commerce 771
Shipping and Internal Communications 772
Money and Credit 773
Money, Weights, and Measures 773
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 774
Books of Reference 774
FRANCE
Constitution and Government 775
Area and Population 778
Religion 783
Instruction 784
Justice and Crime 789
Pauperism and Old Age Relief 790
Finance 791
Defence 794
Production and Industry 800
Commerce 804
Shipping and Navigation 807
Internal Communications 808
Money and Credit 809
Money, Weights, and Measures 810
Diplomatic Representatives 810
Books of Reference 811
Andorra 813
Colonies and Dependencies 814
Asia
French India 816
French Indo-China 816
Annam 818
Cambodia 818
Cochin-China 819
Tonking 819
Laos 820
Books of Reference 820
Africa
Algeria
Government 821
Area and Population 822
Religion and Instruction 823
Crime 823
Finance 823
Defence 824
Agriculture and Industry 824
Commerce 825
Shipping and Communications 826
Money, Weights, and Measures 827
Books of Reference 827
French Congo 828
Madagascar
Government 830
Area and Population 830
Religion, Education, Justice 831
Finance 831
Defence 832
Production and Industry 832
Commerce 832
Shipping and Communications 833
Money and Banks 833
Consular Representatives 833
Books of Reference 833
Mayotte and the Comoro Islands 834
Réunion 835
Somali Coast 835
West Africa and the Sahara 836
Senegal 838
Guinea 839
Ivory Coast 839
Dahomey 840
Upper Senegal and Niger Territories 840
Mauretania 841
Books of Reference 842
Tunis
Bey and Government 843
Area and Population 843
Education 844
Finance 844
Industry 844
Commerce 845
Money, Weights, and Measures 846
Books of Reference 846
America
Guadeloupe and Dependencies 847
Guiana 847
Martinique 848
St. Pierre and Miquelon 848
Books of Reference 849
Australasia and Oceania
New Caledonia and Dependencies 849
New Hebrides 851
French Establishments in Oceania 851
Books of Reference 852
GERMAN EMPIRE
Reigning Emperor and King 853
Constitution and Government 854
Area and Population 856
Religion 862
Instruction 862
Justice and Crime 865
Pauperism and Old Age Pensions 866
Compulsory Insurance 866
Finance 867
Defence 869
Production and Industry 875
Commerce 879
Shipping and Navigation 882
Internal Communications 884
Money and Credit 887
Money, Weights, and Measures 887
Diplomatic Representatives 887
Books of Reference 888
Colonies and Dependencies 890
Togo 891
Kamerun 892
German South-West Africa 892
German East Africa 893
Kiau-Chau 895
In the Pacific 895
Books of Reference 897
States of Germany
Alsace-Lorraine
Constitution 899
Area and Population 899
Religion, Instruction, Justice and Crime 900
Finance 900
Production and Industry 900
Books of Reference 901
Anhalt 901
Baden
Reigning Grand-Duke 902
Constitution 902
Area and Population 903
Religion and Instruction 903
Finance 904
Production and Industry 904
Communications 904
Books of Reference 905
Bavaria
Reigning King 905
Regent 905
Constitution and Government 905
Area and Population 906
Religion 908
Instruction 908
Justice, Crime, Pauperism 908
Finance 908
Army 909
Production and Industry 909
Books of Reference 909
Bremen 910
Brunswick 911
Hamburg
Constitution 912
Area and Population 913
Religion, Instruction, Justice 913
Finance 913
Commerce and Shipping 914
Books of Reference 915
Hesse
Reigning Grand-Duke 915
Constitution 916
Area and Population 916
Religion and Instruction 916
Finance 917
Production and Industry 917
Books of Reference 918
Lippe 918
Lübeck 919
Mecklenburg-Schwerin 920
Mecklenburg-Strelitz 920
Oldenburg 922
Prussia
Reigning King 923
Constitution and Government 925
Area and Population 928
Religion 929
Instruction 930
Justice and Crime 931
Finance 932
Army 933
Production and Industry 933
Commerce 934
Internal Communications 934
Books of Reference 934
Reuss, Elder Branch 934
Reuss, Younger Branch 935
Saxe-Altenburg 936
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 937
Saxe-Meiningen 938
Grand-Duchy of Saxony 939
Saxony
Reigning King 940
Constitution and Government 940
Area and Population 941
Religion 942
Instruction 942
Justice, Crime & Pauperism 943
Finance 943
Production and Industry 943
Books of Reference 944
Schaumburg-Lippe 944
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 945
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 945
Waldeck 946
Württemberg
Reigning King 946
Constitution and Government 947
Area and Population 948
Religion 948
Instruction 948
Justice 948
Finance 948
Army 950
Industry 950
Books of Reference 950
GREECE
Reigning King 951
Constitution and Government 951
Area and Population 952
Religion 953
Instruction 954
Finance 954
Defence 955
Production and Industry 956
Commerce 957
Navigation and Shipping 958
Internal Communications 958
Money and Credit 959
Money, Weights, and Measures 959
Diplomatic Representatives 960
Mount Athos 960
Books of Reference 961
GUATEMALA
Constitution and Government 962
Area and Population 962
Religion and Instruction 962
Justice and Crime 962
Finance 963
Defence 963
Production and Industry 963
Commerce 964
Shipping, Communications 965
Money, Weights, and Measures 965
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 966
Books of Reference 966
HAITI
Constitution and Government 967
Area and Population 967
Religion and Instruction 967
Finance 967
Defence 968
Production and Commerce 968
Shipping and Communications 969
Money, Weights, and Measures 969
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 970
Books of Reference 970
HONDURAS
Constitution and Government 971
Area and Population 971
Religion, Instruction, Justice 971
Finance 971
Production and Commerce 972
Commerce 972
Communications 973
Money, Weights, and Measures 973
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 974
Books of Reference 974
ITALY
Reigning King 975
Constitution and Government 976
Area and Population 978
Religion 983
Instruction 984
Justice and Crime 986
Pauperism 987
Finance 987
Defence 990
Production and Industry 994
Commerce 997
Navigation and Shipping 999
Internal Communications 1000
Money and Credit 1000
Money, Weights, and Measures 1002
Diplomatic Representatives 1002
San Marino 1002
Foreign Dependencies
Eritrea 1003
Somaliland 1004
Tripoli and Cyrenaica 1005
Books of Reference 1006
JAPAN
Reigning Sovereign 1009
Constitution and Government 1009
Local Government 1011
Area and Population 1011
Religion 1013
Instruction 1013
Justice and Crime 1014
Pauperism 1014
Finance 1015
Defence 1016
Production and Industry 1020
Commerce 1021
Shipping and Navigation 1023
Internal Communications 1023
Money and Credit 1024
Money, Weights, and Measures 1025
Diplomatic Representatives 1025
Korea
Government 1026
Area and Population 1027
Religion and Instruction 1027
Finance 1027
Commerce 1028
Shipping & Communication 1028
Money 1029
Books of Reference 1029
Formosa (Taiwan) 1030
Pescadores 1031
Sakhalin 1031
Kwantung 1031
Books of Reference 1031
LIBERIA
Constitution and Government 1034
Area and Population 1034
Finance 1035
Production, Commerce 1036
Money, Weights, and Measures 1037
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1037
Books of Reference 1037
LIECHTENSTEIN 1038
LUXEMBURG 1039
MEXICO
Constitution and Government 1040
Area and Population 1041
Religion, Instruction, Justice 1042
Federal Finance 1043
Defence 1044
Production and Industry 1044
Commerce 1045
Shipping and Communications 1045
Money and Credit 1045
Money, Weights, and Measures 1047
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1047
Books of Reference 1048
MONACO 1049
MONTENEGRO
Reigning King 1050
Government 1051
Area and Population 1051
Religion 1051
Instruction 1051
Justice, Crime, Pauperism 1052
Finance, Defence 1052
Production and Industry 1053
Commerce 1053
Communications 1053
Money 1054
Books of Reference 1054
MOROCCO
Reigning Sultan 1055
Government 1055
Area and Population 1057
Finance, Defence 1057
Commerce 1058
Money, Weights, Measures 1060
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1060
Books of Reference 1060
NEPAL 1062
NETHERLANDS (THE)
Reigning Sovereign 1064
Government and Constitution 1065
Area and Population 1067
Religion 1068
Instruction 1069
Justice and Crime 1070
Pauperism 1070
Finance 1071
Defence 1072
Production and Industry 1075
Commerce 1076
Shipping and Navigation 1078
Internal Communications 1079
Money and Credit 1080
Money, Weights, and Measures 1081
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1082
Colonies
Dutch East Indies
Government and Constitution 1083
Area and Population 1084
Religion, Instruction 1085
Justice and Crime 1085
Finance 1086
Defence 1087
Production and Industry 1087
Commerce 1088
Shipping and Communications 1089
Money and Credit 1089
Money, Weights, and Measures 1089
Consular Representatives 1089
Dutch West Indies
Surinam or Dutch Guiana 1090
Curaçao 1091
Books of Reference 1092
NICARAGUA
Constitution and Government 1094
Area and Population 1094
Religion and Instruction 1095
Finance 1095
Industry and Commerce 1095
Shipping, Communications 1096
Money, Weights, and Measures 1097
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1097
Books of Reference 1097
NORWAY
Reigning King 1098
Consititution and Government 1098
Area and Population 1100
Religion and Instruction 1102
Justice and Crime 1103
Pauperism 1103
Finance 1103
Defence 1105
Production and Industry 1106
Commerce 1107
Shipping and Navigation 1109
Internal Communications 1109
Money and Credit 1110
Money, Weights, and Measures 1111
Diplomatic Representatives 1111
Books of Reference 1112
OMAN 1113
PANAMA
Government 1115
Area and Population 1115
Education 1115
Finance 1116
Production 1116
Commerce, Shipping and Communications 1116
Panama Canal 1117
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1117
Books of Reference 1118
PARAGUAY
Constitution and Government 1118
Area and Population 1119
Religion, Instniction, Justice 1119
Finance 1120
Defence 1120
Production and Industry 1120
Commerce 1121
Communications 1121
Money and Credit 1122
Money, Weights, Measures 1122
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1122
Books of Reference 1122
PERSIA
Reigning Shah 1124
Constitution and Government 1124
Area and Population 1126
Religion 1127
Instruction 1127
Justice 1128
Finance 1128
Defence 1129
Production and Industry 1130
Commerce 1131
Money and Credit 1133
Communications 1133
Money, Weights, and Measures 1135
Diplomatic Representatives 1136
Books of Reference 1136
PERU
Constitution and Government 1138
Area and Population 1138
Religion 1140
Instruction, Justice 1140
Finance 1141
Defence 1142
Agriculture, Industry 1142
Commerce 1143
Shipping and Navigation 1144
Internal Communications 1144
Money and Credit 1145
Money, Weights, and Measures 1145
Diplomatic Representatives 1145
Books of Reference 1146
PORTUGAL
Area and Population 1147
Religion 1149
Instruction 1150
Justice and Crime 1150
Finance 1150
Defence 1151
Production and Industry 1152
Commerce 1153
Shipping, Navigation, and Internal Communications 1155
Money, Weights, and Measures 1155
Diplomatic Representatives 1156
Dependencies 1156
Books of Reference 1160
ROME, SEE AND CHURCH OF
Relation to Italy 1163
Supreme Pontiff 1163
College of Cardinals 1164
Patriarchates 1166
Archbishoprics 1166
Bishoprics 1166
Sacred Congregations 1167
Books of Reference 1167
RUMANIA
Reigning King 1170
Constitution and Government 1170
Area and Population 1171
Religion, Instruction, Justice, &c. 1172
Finance 1173
Defence 1174
Production and Industry 1175
Commerce 1176
Shipping and Communications 1177
Money, Weights, and Measures 1178
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1178
Books of Reference 1179
RUSSIA
Reigning Emperor 1180
Constitution and Government 1181
Area and Population 1187
Religion 1192
Instruction 1193
Justice and Crime 1195
Finance 1197
Defence 1199
Production and Industry 1205
Commerce 1210
Shipping and Navigation 1215
Internal Communications 1216
Money and Credit 1218
Money, Weights, and Measures 1220
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1220
Finland
Population 1221
Instruction 1222
Pauperism and Crime 1222
Finance 1222
Industry 1223
Commerce 1224
Shipping and Navigation 1224
Internal Communications 1224
Money, Weights, &c. 1225
Dependencies in Asia
Bokhara 1225
Khiva 1227
Books of Reference 1227
SALVADOR
Constitution and Government 1231
Area and Population 1231
Instruction and Justice 1231
Finance 1231
Production and Commerce 1232
Shipping, Communications 1232
Money, Weights, and Measures 1233
Diplomatic Representatives 1233
Books of Reference 1233
SANTO DOMINGO
Constitution and Government 1234
Area and Population 1234
Religion and Instruction 1234
Justice, Finance, Defence 1235
Production and Industry 1235
Commerce 1236
Shipping and Communications 1236
Money, Weights, and Measures 1237
Consular Representatives 1237
Books of Reference 1237
SERVIA
Reigning Sovereign and Family 1238
Constitution and Government 1238
Area and Population 1239
Religion, Instruction 1240
Justice, Crime, Pauperism 1240
Finance, Defence 1241
Production and Industry 1242
Commerce 1243
Communications 1244
Money and Credit 1244
Money, Weights, and Measures 1245
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1245
Books of Reference 1245
SIAM
Reigning King 1246
Government 1246
Area and Population 1247
Religion and Instruction 1248
Finance 1248
Defence 1249
Production and Industry 1249
Commerce 1250
Shipping, Communications 1251
Money, Weights, and Measures 1252
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1252
Books of Reference 1253
SPAIN
Reigning Sovereign 1254
Government and Constitution 1255
Area and Population 1257
Religion 1258
Instruction 1259
Finance 1259
Defence 1260
Production and Industry 1262
Commerce 1264
Shipping and Navigation 1266
Internal Communications 1266
Money and Credit 1267
Money, Weights, and Measures 1267
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1267
Colonies 1268
Books of Reference 1268
SWEDEN
Reigning King 1270
Constitution and Government 1271
Area and Population 1272
Religion, Instruction 1274
Justice & Crime, Pauperism 1275
Finance 1275
Defence 1277
Production and Industry 1279
Commerce 1280
Shipping and Navigation 1282
Internal Communications 1283
Money and Credit 1283
Money, Weights, and Measures 1285
Diplomatic Representatives 1285
Books of Reference 1285
SWITZERLAND
Constitution and Government 1287
Area and Population 1289
Religion 1291
Instruction 1292
Justice and Crime 1293
Finance 1294
Defence 1294
Production and Industry 1295
Commerce 1296
Internal Communications 1299
Money and Credit 1299
Money, Weights, and Measures 1300
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1300
Books of Reference 1300
TURKEY
Reigning Sultan 1302
Constitution and Government 1303
Area and Population 1304
Religion and Education 1306
Finance 1307
Defence 1308
Production and Industry 1311
Commerce 1313
Shipping and Navigation 1314
Internal Communications 1315
Money, Weights, and Measures 1315
DiplomaticRepresentatives 1316
Books of Reference 1317
Tributary States
Crete
Area and Population 1320
Religion and Education 1320
Finance 1321
Agriculture and Commerce 1321
Books of Reference 1322
Samos 1323
Egypt
Reigning Khedive 1323
Government and Constitution 1324
Area and Population 1325
Religion and Instruction 1327
Justice 1330
Finance 1331
Defence 1333
Production and Industry 1333
Commerce 1335
Shipping and Navigation 1336
Suez Canal 1337
Internal Communications 1338
Money and Credit 1338
Money, Weights, and Measures 1339
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1340
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Government 1341
Area and Population 1341
Instruction 1341
Justice 1341
Finance 1342
Production and Commerce 1342
Internal Communications 1344
Books of Reference 1344
URUGUAY
Constitution and Government 1348
Area and Population 1348
Religion and Instruction 1349
Justice 1350
Finance 1350
Defence 1351
Production and Industry 1351
Commerce 1352
Shipping, Communications 1353
Money and Credit 1353
Money, Weights, and Measures 1353
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1354
Books of Reference 1354
VENEZUELA
Constitution and Government 1355
Area and Population 1355
Religion and Instruction 1356
Justice 1356
Finance 1356
Defence 1357
Production and Industry 1357
Commerce 1357
Shipping, Communications 1358
Money, Weights, and Measures 1359
Diplomatic and Consular Representatives 1360
Books of Reference 1360
THE PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION 1361
INDEX 1365